Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- Ethiopia: Renewed influx of Eritrean refugees, 12th September to 13th October 2018
- UNICEF Horn of Africa Drought Situation as of September 2018
- Plight of refugees in Ethiopia brought to the fore in UNFPA leadership visit
- Ethiopia – Eritrean Refugee Influx (DG ECHO, UNHCR, NRC) (ECHO Daily Flash of 26 September 2018)
- Refugee Girls Gain from Effort to Teach Life Skills
1. Executive Summary
Ethiopia is facing its worst drought in decades, with over 10.2 million people requiring food aid in 2016. An estimated 435,000 children are in need of treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM), and more than 1.7 million children, pregnant and lactating women with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) will require supplementary feeding.
As of October 2015, UNICEF has supported the treatment of 291,214 under-five children suffering severe acute malnutrition (SAM) with a cure rate of 88 per cent.
Major food security Emergency expected through 2016
The ongoing El Niño contributing to the worst drought in more than 50 years in Ethiopia has led to well below average Meher harvests in most eastern cropping areas. It has also contributed to massive livestock deaths, poor livestock body conditions and very low livestock production in Afar and northern parts of Somali Region. Between January and March 2016, large populations in the east of the country will experience very significant food consumption gaps.
El Niño continues to strengthen with the sea surface temperature (SST) in the central and eastern Pacific Ocean registering +2.9 degree Celsius above normal as of 21 December, up from +2.8 degree Celsius on 14 December and from +2.7 degree Celsius three weeks ago.
Failing to address MAM cases will cause spikes in SAM cases, leading to more human suffering and costlier intervention months down the line.
Cluster partners continue to increase response capacity with surge deployments.
More than 4,500MT of cereals is required to support small holder farmers with seed in 2016.
The relief food pipeline for early 2016 is significantly strained. The monthly commodity requirements for 10.2 million people are 173,595 MT of food.
EARLY WARNING AND RESPONSE SUMMARY
Based on the multi Meher assessment results 10.2 million beneficiaries will need emergency food assessment while 400,000 children under five and 1.7 million children, pregnant and lactating women will require specialized nutritional support. Of the total case load 37 percent are in Oromia, 22 percent in Amhara, 15 percent in Somali, 12 percent in Tigray, 7 percent in Afar.
The Government of Ethiopia launched the 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document in Addis Ababa on Friday, 11 December 2016.
The 2016 HRD: 10.2 million people in need of emergency food assistance. 5.8 million people to be supported with water, hygiene and sanitation interventions; and over 2.1 million people with nutrition support including 435,000 severely acute malnourished children.
- 730,358 Total number of refugees
- 39,020 Number of Unaccompanied Minors and Separated Children
- 53% Percentage of women and girls
- 64.3% Percentage of Children
WORKING WITH PARTNERS
This document is presented jointly by the Government of Ethiopia and the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team. It presents the key findings of the Governmentled post-harvest assessment of autumn 2015. It includes the outline of the Government and UN Humanitarian Country Team response plan to address assessed and projected humanitarian needs in 2016.
The full Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements Document will be launched in Addis Ababa on Wednesday 9 December 2015.
The Government of Ethiopia will launch the 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document in Addis Ababa on Wednesday, 9 December 2015.
Ethiopia will, for the first time, have a side event during the launch of the Global Humanitarian Overview in Geneva on Monday, 7 December 2015. A synopsis of the 2016 HRD will be shared at the event.
The number of hotspot priority one woredas in 2015 quadrupled from 40 woredas in February to 186 woredas in December.
Food security emergency in central/eastern Ethiopia follows worst drought in more than 50 years
Ethiopia is currently facing its worst drought in decades, with over 8.2 million people in need of food aid until the end of the year. The deteriorating food security situation has contributed to increased malnutrition among children with an estimated 350,000 children requiring life-saving therapeutic treatment in 2015.
Development partners are urged to scale-up their investment on long-term community water supply schemes to break the cycle of chronic water shortages, and extreme vulnerability to the slightest weather shocks.
The final draft of the 2016 Humanitarian. Requirements Document will be submitted to the Council of Ministers for endorsement early this week. The official release of the Document is tentatively planned for 4 December.
The Government will use the newly completed railway from Djibouti to Adama, Ethiopia to transport relief supplies.
At least 210,600 people are expected to be affected by flooding and at least 105,300 people are at risk of displacement, according to the Flood Contingency Plan released on 18 November.
OCHA’s Humanitarian Response Fund (HRF) issued a Call for Proposals for WaSH response in Afar,
Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, Somali and Tigray. Proposals must be submitted before 5 December 2015.
EARLY WARNING AND RESPONSE SUMMARY
Pursuant to the National Meteorological Agency weather/climate outlook, during the upcoming November 2015, the wet weather condition will continue over south and southeastern parts of the country in a better strength with a chance of heavy falls at places, which can causes flash flood at places in the areas. Therefore proper precautions should be undertaken ahead of time over flood prone areas o f the aforementioned areas.
CERF’s new contribution of $17 million will enable WFP feed 1.37 million food insecure Ethiopians and provide supplemental feeding to at least 164,000 malnourished people.
With a three to five month lead time, the window of opportunity to procure and preposition emergency food and nutrition supplies for early 2016 is rapidly closing.
The revised hotspot woreda list is expected in two-three week time.
Large-scale food security emergency projected for 2016
In 2015, eastern Ethiopia had a severe drought. The drought contributed to low crop production for both the Belg and Meher harvests, poor livestock health, low water availability, and lack of demand for agricultural labor.
A major food security emergency is projected for the coming year. Already, some northern pastoral areas have moved into Emergency (IPC Phase 4).
The El Niño continues to intensify. The sea surface temperature increased sharply to +2.7 Celsius above normal.
El Niño-impacted kiremt rains negatively affected long cycle crops in parts of north eastern and central Ethiopia.
Deyr rains improve water availability and pasture conditions in some areas of Somali region.
The National Flood Contingency Plan is expected to be officially released this week.
Donors are urgently requested to:
The scabies outbreak in Amhara region – a highly contagious disease - needs urgent cross-sector intervention.
Acknowledging the need for a rapid scale up of nutrition intervention, OCHA’s Humanitarian Response Fund called on all interested and eligible partners to apply for funding. At present, nutrition partners are only responding in 89 (of 142) humanitarian hotspot priority one woredas and 40 (of 189) priority two woredas.
In October, the Government announced that about 8.2 million people in Ethiopia, including 4.6 million children, are in need of emergency food aid, up from the 4.5 million estimated in August.
The estimated number of children with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) for 2015 increased from 302,605 to 350,000.