Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- ‘Wind of hope’ blowing through Horn of Africa says UN chief, as Ethiopia and Eritrea sign historic peace accord
- Ethiopia: Investigate police conduct after deaths of five people protesting ethnic clashes
- Displaced Ethiopians, returnees need continued support
- 23 Killed in Ethnic Violence Near Addis Ababa
- Ethiopia tops global list of highest internal displacement in 2018
INTRODUCTION & KEY TAKEAWAYS
This report has been developed collectively with humanitarian partners in the region to inform preparedness and advocacy efforts to mitigate and manage humanitarian risk in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region*. It presents a three-month trend analysis from October to December 2016 and a humanitarian outlook from January to March 2017. It is the sixth report in the series and updates the previous scenario report which was published in October 2016.
Regional Trends: October-December 2016
· The drought in the Horn of Africa is generating a humanitarian crisis of alarming proportions. The number of people in crisis and emergency food insecurity levels Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) 3 or above in Somalia (2.9 million), Ethiopia (5.6 million) and Kenya (2.6 million) now stands at over 11 million people.
· Global acute malnutrition (GAM) levels among children aged 6-59 months, pregnant women and nursing mothers remain a serious concern, with levels of over 25 percent GAM being reported in some parts of Somalia and Kenya.
South Sudan: IOM moves 320 Metric tons of shelter and NFI stock through the Common Transport Service (CTS) trucks, during the reporting period
Uganda: 118,423 South Sudanese refugees have entered the country since the onset of the crisis.
Kenya: Security scare at Nadapal border point as refugees get caught up in a gunfire fight between Kenyan and South Sudanese security forces.
Ethiopia is now the largest receiving country of South Sudanese refugees, after surpassing the 150,000 mark.
East of Africa Overview
Food security: As of May 2014, nearly 17 million people are in Stressed, Crisis, and Emergency (IPC Phases 2, 3, and 4) acute food insecurity conditions in East Africa. Populations in the higher phases can be found in South Sudan, Sudan, eastern Ethiopia, Djibouti, southern Somalia, and northern Kenya (FEWSNET, 06/2014).
"We are losing time. Farmers should be planting their crops right now," the Under-Secretary-General and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Ms. Valerie Amos, told a donors' conference that took place in Oslo on 19-20 May. "If they don't, and if livestock herders are not able to migrate to grazing areas, people will run out of food."
The United Nations Secretary-General, Mr. Ban Ki-moon, asked the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Ms. Navanethem Pillay, and the Special Advisor on the Prevention of Genocide, Mr. Adama Dieng, to visit South Sudan this week to follow up on the recent brutal attacks against civilians in the northern town of Bentiu where people were killed even in places of worship and hospitals and within a United Nations base in Bor.
SOUTH SUDAN: The Opposition fighters are mobilizing for a campaign to capture the oil fields in Paloch that are still pumping – the last major source of revenue for the Government. A battle for Paloch would thrust South Sudan into still more chaos.
SOUTH SUDAN: The crisis has led to a severe deterioration in the food security situation and around 3.7 million people are now at high risk of food insecurity.
UNHCR and partners are very concerned about the food and nutrition situation, especially for the over 126,000 Sudanese refugees living in Maban, Upper Nile State.
88,584 South Sudanese refugees in Ethiopia (as of 03 April)
31,240 South Sudanese refugees in Kenya (as of 03 April)
61,889 South Sudanese refugees in Sudan (as of 03 April)
93,980 South Sudanese refugees in Uganda (as of 03 April)
803,200 IDPs since 15 December 2013 (as of 03 April)
The influx of new arrivals from South Sudan into neighbouring countries continues. Since mid-December, over 250,000 South Sudanese have crossed the border into Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia and Sudan.
Alarming levels of malnutrition require sus-tained and strengthened nutritional support in addition to regular food assistance at border crossings, reception centres and camps.
WFP requires USD 62 million for the next six months to meet the needs of all refugees in Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia and Sudan.
UNHCR together with partners are taking emergency measures to address declining nutritional status of refuges that are arriving in the countries of asylum already in poor nutritional status due to the food deficit in South Sudan.
Sudan continues to receive South Sudanese at the rate of approximately 350 per day, with arrivals entering White Nile State from Upper Nile State of South Sudan on a daily basis. There are also reports of further influx to South Kordofan state fleeing Unity State in South Sudan.
· More than 80,000 people have now crossed the border from South Sudan into Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia and Sudan. The number of new arrivals has stabilised in the past week, but further refugees are expected due to the fluid situation in South Sudan. The influx into Sudan has thus far been limited but there are indications that numbers may rise.