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14 Aug 2018 description

FACTS & FIGURES

Around 174 000 refugees (UNHCR) 90 000 vulnerable refugees targeted by the EU humanitarian assistance

5 camps in the south-west of the Algerian desert

Total EU humanitarian funding: €240 million since 1993

Introduction

15 Jun 2018 description

As a leading global humanitarian donor, the European Union is at the forefront of identifying and intervening in crises that have escaped international attention. These so-called 'forgotten crises' have persisted, yet despite significant humanitarian needs they receive insufficient international aid.

25 Jul 2017 description
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Technical annex

The full implementation of this version of the HIP is subject to the adoption of the decision amending Decision C(2016) 8795

AMOUNT: EUR 20 000 000

18 Aug 2016 description
  • Violent winds and heavy rains on 15 August have led to flash floods in southwest Algeria. In particular Tindouf and Laayoune Sahrawi refugee camps have been affected. 11 people were injured. Part of the infrastructure, houses and tents have reportedly been damaged and food stock lost. Stagnating water is increasing the risk of water-borne diseases. Water level remains high, hindering the access to health services.

19 Apr 2016 description
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Technical Annex - Version 1

The activities proposed hereafter are still subject to the adoption of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/ BUD/2016/01000

AMOUNT: EUR 12 000 000

11 Aug 2015 description
North Africa - version 3
Technical annex - version 3

AMOUNT: EUR 16 000 000

0. MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP

July 2015 – Modification No. 2

03 Jun 2015 description
North Africa - version 2
Technical Annex - version 2

The activities proposed hereafter are still subject to the adoption of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2015/01000

AMOUNT: EUR 13 000 000

0. PURPOSE OF THE AMENDMENT

May 2015 – Modification No. 1

23 Apr 2015 description

Humanitarian situation and needs

Key messages

  • The Sahrawi refugees are the result of an unresolved political conflict with humanitarian consequences, which have to be addressed in line with the humanitarian principles of neutrality and impartiality.

  • The Sahrawi refugee situation is defined as a forgotten crisis by the European Commission, meaning that it receives little funding from the international community.

14 Nov 2014 description
North Africa version 1
Technical Annex - version 1

The activities proposed hereafter are still subject to the adoption of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2015/01000

AMOUNT: EUR 10 000 000

1. CONTEXT

26 Aug 2014 description

Providing fresh and nutritious food to the Sahwari refugee community, in the heart of the Sahara desert, is a great logistical challenge. Our humanitarian partners at Oxfam describe the creative solution they found for ensuring the Sahrawi's are not only well-fed, but also take ownership and responsibility of their situation.

In the southwest of Algeria, nearly 2000km from the capital Algiers, the Sahara desert is home to the Sahrawi refugees. Mark a tragic 40th anniversary, the Sahrwai are victims of one the world's oldest and most forgotten crises.

10 Dec 2013 description

The activities proposed hereafter are still subject to the adoption of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/ BUD/2014/01000 AMOUNT: EUR 10000000

1. CONTEXT

DG ECHO 's Integrated Analysis Framework for 2013-14 identified extreme humanitarian needs in the Sahrawi refugee camps. The vulnerability of the population affected by the crisis is assessed to be very high. The Sahrawi crisis scored 11, the most severe level, in the Forgotten Crisis Assessment index of DG ECHO in 2013.

11 Jun 2013 description

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid ("the Humanitarian Aid Regulation"), and in particular Article 2, notably 2 (c), Article 4 and Article 15(2) and (3) thereof,

11 Jun 2013 description

Humanitarian situation and needs

Key messages

  • The Sahrawi refugee situation counts among the forgotten humanitarian crisis for which little funding is available.

  • The tens of thousands of Sahrawi refugees living in 5 camps have little access to outside resources and are depending on international aid for their survival.

  • ECHO started to help meet the basic needs of the refugees in 1993. Since then it has provided around €200 million in humanitarian aid through its implementing partners.

09 Apr 2013 description

Humanitarian situation and needs

Key messages

  • The Sahrawi refugee crisis counts among the forgotten crises for which the little funding available is coming mainly from institutional donors like ECHO.

  • The Sahrawi refugees will remain dependent on international aid as long as no political solution for their situation has been found

20 May 2012 description

Facts & figures

  • Tens of thousands of refugees live in 4 camps in the Algerian desert.

  • European Commission humanitarian aid has been continuously provided since 1993.

  • Latest funding decision, January 2012: € 10 million

A LONG-LASTING HUMANITARIAN CRISIS

14 Feb 2011 description
  1. CONTEXT

    Since 1975, tens of thousands of Sahrawi refugees have been hosted by Algeria in four camps in the south-western region of Tindouf (El Aaiun, Awserd, Smara and Dakhla).

    The presence of the refugees is the result of the conflict between Morocco and the Polisario Front over the former Spanish colony of Western Sahara following Spain'swithdrawal in 1975.

    In 1991, Morocco and the Polisario Front agreed to a United Nations Security Council conflict settlement plan, which proposed a cease-fire and set up the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara …

16 Nov 2010 description

Brussels, 16.11.2010

SEC(2010) 1428 final

Directorate-General for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection

COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT

INTRODUCTION

The Directorate General for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (DG ECHO) is responsible for formulating EU humanitarian aid policy and for funding humanitarian aid - including food aid - to victims of conflicts or disasters, both natural and man-made, in non EU countries.