Most read reports
- How the latest AU decision on Western Sahara could affect other crises
- Western Sahara Consultations
- Report of the Secretary-General on the situation concerning Western Sahara (S/2018/277) [EN/AR]
- Calling for Renewed Efforts to End Decades-old Western Sahara Conflict, Security Council Extends Mission, Adopting Resolution 2414 (2018)
- Western Sahara: MINURSO, January 2018
In this issue:
How the latest AU decision on Western Sahara could affect other crises
The African Union and the question of LGBTI-rights
The AU will have to do more to convince SADC
Helping those affected by Boko Haram to get back on their feet
Interview with Nicholas Haysom, UN Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan
Civilians were majority of casualties from anti-vehicle mines in 2017
The Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) and the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) have released a new global report of anti-vehicle mine incidents in 2017. The report records a 15 per cent increase in casualties from anti-vehicle mines in 2017, compared to 2016.
Poland will hold the presidency of the Council in May. An open debate on the Council’s role in upholding international law is planned, to be chaired by the country’s President Andrzej Duda, with Secretary-General António Guterres expected to brief. A ministerial-level open debate on the protection of civilians in armed conflict is also expected, with Polish Minister for Foreign Affairs Jacek Czaputowicz presiding and briefers including Guterres and Director-General of the ICRC Yves Daccord.
Peru will have the presidency in April. It has chosen to hold a high-level briefing on peacebuilding and sustaining peace which is planned to coincide with the 24-25 April General Assembly high-level event on this issue. Secretary-General António Guterres and the Chair of the PBC, Ambassador Ion Jinga (Romania), are expected to brief.
There will be three open debates this month.
Between 2004 and 2014, UNHCR’s Confidence Building Measures (CBM) program helped more than 20,000 refugees in the Tindouf desert camps of Algeria to visit their families in Western Sahara, from whom they’d been separated since the conflict in Western Sahara began (late 1970s). The CBM program was brought to a halt by politics, but the report suggests that the time is right for this ‘humanitarian bridge’ to be re-opened.
This report gives a human perspective of the experiences and personal impact that CBM’s family visit flights program had on Sahrawi refugees and their families.
In this issue
On the Agenda
Donald Trump’s insistence on reducing US aid to peacekeeping missions will affect US-Africa relations.
Should the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic be allowed to attend crucial AU partnership summits?
In its worst political crisis in over a decade, is a divided Kenya the answer?
After placing Burundi at the top of its agenda in 2015 and 2016, so far this year the PSC has failed to address the situation in the country.
This report describes a relatively unknown humanitarian program that has addressed one of the saddest aspects of displacement – the separation of families. Between 2004 and 2014, UNHCR’s Confidence Building Measures (CBM) program helped more than 20,000 refugees in the Tindouf desert camps of Algeria to visit their families in Western Sahara, from whom they’d been separated since the conflict in Western Sahara began (late 1970s). The CBM program was brought to a halt by politics, but the report suggests that the time is right for this ‘humanitarian bridge’ to be re-opened.
Dans ce numéro
- A l’ordre du jour : le 29e sommet de l’UA
Lors du récent sommet de l’Union africaine, quelques pays se sont plaints du processus décisionnel des réformes de l’organisation.
Les dirigeants ont par ailleurs décidé que septembre serait un « mois d’amnistie » pour les individus détenant des armes illégales.
In this issue
On the Agenda: 29th AU summit At the recent African Union (AU) summit in Addis Ababa some countries complained about the way decisions on AU reforms had been made.
Leaders decided, among other measures, that September would be amnesty month for those possessing illegal weapons.
I. Candidate countries and potential candidates
The month saw fighting escalate again in Syria and Afghanistan, and erupt in Nagorno-Karabakh between Armenian-backed separatists and Azerbaijani forces. In Bangladesh, election violence and killings by extremist groups showed how new heights of government-opposition rivalry and state repression have benefitted violent political party wings and extremist groups alike. Political tensions intensified in Iraq and Macedonia, and security forces severely supressed opposition protests in the Republic of Congo and Gambia.
Next week, Mozambique, formerly one of the world’s most heavily mined countries, will formally declare it has completed mine clearance on its territory, the 29th country to do so since the 1990s. This leaves 60 countries and territories still contaminated according to Clearing the Mines, a review of mine action programmes around the world published today by Norwegian People’s Aid. The report’s authors have calculated that by 2020 another 20 countries should have completed mine clearance and the urgent humanitarian threat removed from the other 40.
Dans ce numéro
■ Vues d’Addis
Le CPS a décidé d’intensifier ses efforts afin de trouver une solution au conflit au Sahara occidental.
Le président zimbabwéen et nouveau président de l’UA, Robert Mugabe, a promis d’en faire une priorité cette année.
■ À l’ordre du jour
Forty years after the Sahrawi refugee crisis began the social pressures on the men and women who live in these camps and the problems concerning their humanitarian situation are becoming ever more unbearable. Today, their voices must be heard.
Oxfam has worked in the Sahrawi refugee camps since the 1970s. Based on this experience, the report gives tangible insights in their way of living, their aspirations and their growing frustration over what they consider the inability of the international community to uphold their rights.
The Peace and Security Council (PSC) has decided to scale up its efforts to find a solution to the dispute over the Western Sahara. Zimbabwe’s president Robert Mugabe, the new chairperson of the African Union (AU), has vowed to make it a priority this year.
Dans ce numéro
■ Coup de projecteur sur le sommet de l’Union africaine
Les chefs d’État et de gouvernement ont reporté la présentation d’un rapport crucial sur le Soudan du Sud et décidé d’envoyer une force régionale pour lutter contre Boko Haram.
Plusieurs réunions ont eu lieu en marge du sommet, notamment sur la Libye ou sur les sources alternatives de financement de l’UA.
Achevées tard dans la nuit, les discussions n’ont pas permis d’aboutir à un accord sur le partage du pouvoir au Soudan du Sud.
■ Vues d’Addis
For four decades tens of thousands of Sahrawi refugees have lived in remote refugee camps in the Sahara desert near the Algerian town of Tindouf. With the assent of Algerian authorities, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el Hamra and Rio de Oro (Polisario) administers the camps.
The rule of King Hassan II from 1956 to 1999 was characterized by repression of political dissent, the enforced disappearance of hundreds of individuals, arbitrary detention of thousands of others, and the systemic use of torture and other ill-treatment.