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This is the first consolidated presentation of the reported results of CERF funding, covering a full year of CERF allocations. As such, it serves as a pilot and will inform future CERF results reporting. This report was compiled on the basis of information provided by Resident Coordinators/Humanitarian Coordinators (RC/ HCs) and Humanitarian Country Teams (HCTs) in 66 consolidated reports covering the results of more than 450 CERF-funded projects.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster Heavy rains and flooding affected south-west Algeria's normally arid Tindouf region on 23 October 2015. The heavy rains caused widespread damage to five camps sheltering 90,000 of the most vulnerable Sahrawi refugees. Approximately 35,000 people were affected.
Summary of response
The present report, submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 70/98 of 9 December 2015, summarizes the most recent report submitted by the Secretary-General to the Security Council on the situation concerning Western Sahara (S/2016/355) and covers the period from 1 July 2015 to 30 June 2016.
Current funding forecasts will allow WFP to only cover 9 percent of the food entitlements requirements from July.
WFP currently represents the major regular source of food for Western Sahara refugees.
The Western Sahara refugee crisis ranks top among forgotten crises, according to the ECHO Forgotten Crisis Assessment 2014-2015.
This update is issued after four months of operation and it aims to detail achievements to-date and a request for an exceptional no-cost extension due to severe delays in emergency shelter material procurement.
Tunisie : faits et chiffres 2015
Les principales activités de la délégation régionale de Tunis sont les visites aux détenus en Tunisie, sa réponse aux conséquences humanitaires du conflit au Sahara occidental, le rétablissement du contact entre les membres de familles dispersées et la promotion du droit international humanitaire.
Nos opérations majeures en Tunisie en 2015
Between October 16th and 24th 2015, exceptionally heavy downpours caused major destruction in the Sahrawi refugee camps. While heavy rain is a common occurrence in the camps at this time of year, floods have never been seen on such a massive scale before.
Summary of WFP assistance: WFP currently represents the only regular and reliable source of food for refugees from Western Sahara living in Algeria. These refugees are located in five camps near the town of Tindouf, some 2,000 km southwest of Algiers. This is an isolated and economically vulnerable desert area of south-western Algeria, where the climate and living conditions are harsh and opportunities for self-reliance extremely limited. Affected refugees, therefore, rely almost entirely on protracted humanitarian aid from the international community.
Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action:
The Italian head of emergency and humanitarian aid visited the Saharawi refugee camps on 8 December during a mission jointly organized by UNICEF and WFP.
The pledge from the Italian government of Euros 500,000 has been granted, with Euros 250,000 earmarked for UNICEF’s response to the flood emergency, with a focus on rehabilitation.
UNICEF and Handicap International reviewed the emergency response in child protection.
A Back to School campaign was launched in the presence of UNICEF Algeria’s Goodwill Ambassadors, as all UNICEF’s school tents have been erected allowing more than 4000 children to attend school in UNICEF’s temporary learning spaces;
Primary emergency health care is being provided in 17 UNICEF’s tents for temporary health centers;
The visibility of UNICEF’s emergency response was maximized thanks to a visit of UNICEF Algeria’s GWA to the refugee camps followed by a largely attended press conference;
In response to catastrophic flooding in the Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria, the United States announces a contribution of more than $4 million in humanitarian assistance to help meet the acute needs of Sahrawi refugees. This new contribution includes support for the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, the World Food Program, and the UN Children’s Fund. These funds will be used to support the reconstruction of shelters, schools, and health clinics. They will also help replace food rations that were destroyed by the flooding.
2015 FUNDING OUTLOOK
"We are raising as much, or more, as we’ve ever raised. Our traditional donors are as generous as ever.
It’s that the number of crises is outpacing the generosity. We need those who have given to us to give more. And we need more donors to support the gap.” WFP Executive Director Ertharin Cousin, speaking in August 2015 to Philanthropy Age magazine.
Floods caused by ten straight days of heavy rain are likely worsening the threat posed by landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW) in the area of Western Sahara. Since the flood waters have not yet receded, it is impossible yet to quantify the damages or to assess the actual extent of the risk posed to civilians and their livelihoods by the mines and ERW that have likely been displaced outside of already known marked areas.
Last month, refugee camps in Algeria in Layoun, Aussert, Smara, Boujdour, and Dahkla were hit by devastating floods after a week of torrential rain. Extensive damage has left refugees from Western Sahara, dangerously exposed. Handicap International launched an operation to assist the most vulnerable individuals.
The Italian Cooperation has approved a 200,000-euro voluntary emergency contribution to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to respond to the consequences of the flooding that has affected the Saharawi refugee camps in the Tindouf area of Algeria. Based on the available estimates, approximately 25,000 people are currently in dire need.
Dryness worsens in Ethiopia and coastal West Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Below-average rainfall over several bimodal areas of Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin, and Nigeria has led to a rapid increase in moisture deficits and a degradation of ground conditions. Reduced rainfall is expected during in the region during lateSeptember.