Most read reports
- Eritrea: Human rights central to brighter future, says expert
- Thousands of families reunited one month after Ethiopia–Eritrea border reopens
- UNFPA strengthening partnerships in Eritrea to sustain development gains
- GIEWS Country Brief: Eritrea 25-October-2018
- Can improved Ethiopia-Eritrea relations stabilise the region?
Foreword from the Regional Director
"We commend the Government of Rwanda for passing its first-ever law relating to the “prevention, suppression and punishment of trafficking in persons and exploitation of others"
Message from our Regional Director
Despite numerous humanitarian challenges in 2017 in Africa, there were also a number of heart-warming accomplishments. A case in point, was when a local response of Red Crescent teams—and other partners—curbed Somalia's cholera outbreak through the power of local volunteers and shared international expertise. In terms of support to our members, 36 National Societies were able to kick start initiatives that built their capacity through seed grants.
Nairobi – Nearly 400,000 migrant movements were recorded in Djibouti, Ethiopia and Somalia during the first six months of 2018 – an average of 2,000 or more individuals per day.
It is an active migration zone, characterized by what is considered “mixed” migration – or the movement of different population groups for a variety of reasons.
In October, 71,000 new displacements were monitored by the UNHCR-led PRMN, a slight increase compared to last months.
Half of the internally displaced came to Banadir from Lower Shabelle due to conflict.
In 2018 so far, PRMN has monitored 831,000 internal displacements due to conflicts, floods and drought. As of 31 August, there are estimated to be 2.6 million internally displaced people in Somalia.
As of October 2018, UNHCR registered 32,261 refugees and asylum seekers in Somalia. Most people seeking asylum in Somalia are from Ethiopia and Yemen.
• According to the recently released 2018 Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP) Mid-Year Review, 8 million people require targeted relief food/cash assistance until the end of the year.
• There are 2.9 million Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Ethiopia, of whom over 1.6 million were displaced because of conflict and insecurity.
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa—“Sexual assault and embarrassment are the risks that adolescent girls face when dealing with menstruation hygiene in emergency settings, due to the lack of separation between male and female sanitation facilities.”
"Our governments should start viewing us as an asset and not a liability.” - Palesa Lefojane, United Nations Youth Advisory Panel member, Lesotho.
With conditions improving in some parts of the country, Somali refugees continue to return from countries of asylum. UNHCR statistics indicate that over 121,000 people have voluntarily returned from ten countries of asylum since 2014. The countries include Kenya, Yemen, Djibouti, Libya, Tunisia and Eritrea. As of September 2018, UNHCR has registered 31,991 refugees and asylum seekers in Somalia. Most people seeking asylum in Somalia are from Ethiopia and Yemen.
11th Annual Joint Consultative Meeting of the Political and Security Committee of the European Union and of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union
23 October 2018
- 4.6 million people in need and 954,000 children under-5 that are or could be acutely malnourished in the next year.
- The current number of IDPs in Somalia has increased to 2.6 million from 2.1 million in May.
A strategy meeting on the Horn of Africa and Yemen was held by UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, in Addis Ababa on 13 and 14 October to develop a framework and action plan to guide the Fund’s work and partnerships in the region.
Forced displacement, family separation, and lack of basic protection mechanisms and essential services put women and girls at risk of sexual violence in particular. Together with high fertility rates, this scenario is putting pressure on limited resources and negatively impacting the future of youth.
Migration Resource & Response Centers (MRRCs) are situated along key migration routes, where they fill critical gaps by providing direct assistance, including food and temporary shelter, medical assistance and service referrals to migrants. Working collaboratively, MRRCs bring together key partners to facilitate the identification of migrants in vulnerable situations, and ensure that they receive appropriate, immediate and longer-term support. The services provided by each MRRC vary based on location and needs.
Thus far, 2018 has been historic in many ways. Eritrea and Ethiopia signed a landmark declaration of peace and friendship on 9 July, casting aside decades of hostility in a matter of weeks. The announcement of the end to the state of war was met by widespread jubilation in both countries, and was matched by concrete acts of rapprochement, which included reopening telephone and air links as well as the Eritrean embassy in Ethiopia.
Ethiopia is host to the second largest refugee population in Africa, sheltering 905,831 registered refugees and asylum seekers as of 31 August 2018.
*Please note that the monthly population update is frozen until 18 January 2019 to allow for the smooth conduct of the ongoing L3 registration
Between January and August 2018, 36,185 refugees arrived in Ethiopia, mostly from South Sudan and Eritrea.
UNHCR delivers lifesaving assistance to respond to the increased Eritrean influx following the reopening of the border between Ethiopia and Eritrea.
Ethiopia is experiencing an increase in the number of internally displaced people. In total, over 2.8 million people in Ethiopia are currently internally displaced.
UNHCR enhances registration data and has frozen refugee figures as of 31 August 2018.
Hence all figures in this Operation Update are as of August 2018.
UNHCR delivers lifesaving aid to respond to the increased Eritrean influx
Over 100,000 people fleeing ethnic violence have been displaced in BenishangulGumuz (mainly in Kamashi Zone) and Oromia regions (mainly East Wollega and West Wollega zones). There are indications that displacement is rising, though the size of the displaced population is not clear. Urgent humanitarian needs are reported, including food, shelter, NFI and health (The reporter Ethiopia 06/10/2018, La Vanguardia 13/10/2018, Voa News 02/10/2018, OCHA 10/2018, The reporter Ethiopia 06/10/2018).