Most read reports
- Somalia and Eritrea: Security Council to Lift Sanctions on Eritrea
- Eritrea: Human rights central to brighter future, says expert
- Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2444 (2018), Security Council Lifts Sanctions on Eritrea, Renews Arms Embargo against Somalia
- Thousands of families reunited one month after Ethiopia–Eritrea border reopens
- UN Security Council Lifts Arms Embargo on Eritrea
The International Organization for Migration (IOM)continues to be actively involved in anumber of Migrants' Assistance projects and Human Mobility data collection activities in the Horn of Africa (HoA) and in the Arab Peninsula. This report aims atproviding an overview ofthe trends observed in thefirst halfof 2018 in theregion, across Ethiopia,Somalia, Djibouti, and Yemen.
A group of Eritreans lines up outside a small, green army tent surrounded by yellow scrubland at the top of a ridge marking the Ethiopia-Eritrea border.
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- Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya are home to more than two million refugees from Somalia, South Sudan, DR Congo, Ethiopia, Burundi and Eritrea.
- The bulk of this population — about 1.47 million people — is in Uganda, despite its economy and land size being smaller than those of Kenya and Tanzania.
- The refugees are fleeing civil war and famine, only to find themselves unsettled, plagued by funding shortfalls from international donors, xenophobia and corrupt officials
By Pauline Kairu
1,675 Refugees evacuated temporarily from Libya to Niger as part of the ETM (Emergency Transit Mechanism) from November 2017 – October 2018
2,133 Persons profiled by UNHCR in Agadez seeking asylum
48,736 Persons internally displaced in the Tillaberi & Tahoua regions
The key situations include:
On 12 November, UNHCR evacuated 262 individuals (139 men, 42 women and 81 children) to its Emergency Transit Mechanism in Niger, in the largest evacuation so far this year. The group included individuals held in detention facilities in and around Tripoli (Zintan, Tajoura, Trik Al Sikka, Al Sabaa, Abu-Salim, Qaser Ben Ghasher) and individuals who were living in the urban community. With this departure, UNHCR has evacuated 2,344 individuals out of Libya (1,937 to Niger, 312 to Italy and 95 to Romania).
During the first nine months of 2018, just under 25,100 refugees were submitted by UNHCR for resettlement' to 19 countries in Europe.2 This is 24% less than the same period in 2017, but already two-thirds more than the average rate of 15,400 submissions per year during the previous 10 years.
Eritrea Should Now Restore Rule of Law, End Indefinite Conscription
The United Nations Security Council today voted to lift a nearly decade-old arms embargo imposed on Eritrea, removing one of the government’s favorite excuses for denying its citizens basic rights.
Nakivale, one of the oldest refugee settlements in Uganda, was opened in 1958 and officially established as a settlement in 1960. The settlement hosts more than 100,000 refugees from Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, and South Sudan. During the Burundian crisis in 2015, the population of the settlement greatly increased and has since remained this high. Markets are bustling and food is available for purchase, but many refugees struggle to afford basic items.
Gaps & Challenges
Camp opened in May 2013
Permanent shelters built
Community- based Structures in place: Refugee Central Committee, Women Association, Youth Association, Association of Persons with disability
Of the population is under the age of 18 out of which 17% are female
Individually registered with ration cards
Infrastructure available: 01 primary, 1 early, NO secondary, 01 YEP and 01 vocational training centre
Camp opened in 2008
Transitional shelters built
Community- based Structures in place
Of the population is under the age of 18 of which 20% are female
Individually registered with ration cards
Infrastructure available: 2 primary, 1 early, 1 secondary, 1 YEP vocational centre
The Mai-Aini refugee camp was established in May 2008 to accommodate Eritrean refugees seeking international protection.
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 11 Nov 2018): 22,418
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 11 Nov 2017): 114,473
Total arrivals 1 Nov - 11 Nov 2018 463
Total arrivals 1 Nov - 11 Nov 2017 3,076
Average daily arrivals in November 2018 so far: 42
Average daily arrivals in October 2018: 32
Dead and missing in 2018 - Central Med (as of 11 Nov) 1,252
Dead and missing in 2018 - Mediterranean Sea (as of 11 Nov) 2,036
Dead and missing in 2017 - Central Med (as of 11 Nov) 2,812
Dead and missing in 2017 - Mediterranean Sea (as of 11 Nov) 3,011
Foreword from the Regional Director
"We commend the Government of Rwanda for passing its first-ever law relating to the “prevention, suppression and punishment of trafficking in persons and exploitation of others"
TRENDS AND KEY FIGURES
Message from our Regional Director
Despite numerous humanitarian challenges in 2017 in Africa, there were also a number of heart-warming accomplishments. A case in point, was when a local response of Red Crescent teams—and other partners—curbed Somalia's cholera outbreak through the power of local volunteers and shared international expertise. In terms of support to our members, 36 National Societies were able to kick start initiatives that built their capacity through seed grants.
Nairobi – Nearly 400,000 migrant movements were recorded in Djibouti, Ethiopia and Somalia during the first six months of 2018 – an average of 2,000 or more individuals per day.
It is an active migration zone, characterized by what is considered “mixed” migration – or the movement of different population groups for a variety of reasons.
In October, 71,000 new displacements were monitored by the UNHCR-led PRMN, a slight increase compared to last months.
Half of the internally displaced came to Banadir from Lower Shabelle due to conflict.
In 2018 so far, PRMN has monitored 831,000 internal displacements due to conflicts, floods and drought. As of 31 August, there are estimated to be 2.6 million internally displaced people in Somalia.
As of October 2018, UNHCR registered 32,261 refugees and asylum seekers in Somalia. Most people seeking asylum in Somalia are from Ethiopia and Yemen.
By Inna Lazareva
TEL AVIV, Nov 6 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - In the concrete bowels of a vast bus station in the Israeli city of Tel Aviv, a group of children gathers in the evening to play and dance to songs blaring from a CD player.
Their parents are African migrants who work until late, struggling to earn enough to put food on the table.
While their children have access to state education in Israel, they face hardships, support workers said.
Geneva — IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 100,630 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 4 November, including 49,013 to Spain, the region’s most active destination point this year, with just under 50 per cent of all 2018 arrivals. The region’s total arrivals through the recent weekend compare with 154,825 arrivals across the region through the same period last year, and 337,773 at this point in 2016 (see chart below).