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18 Dec 2018 description

Introduction

Ethiopia, the second most populous country in Africa, faces a massive internal displacement crisis due to inter-communal violence and conflicts. The displacement crisis started in autumn 2017 and has escalated and spread in the second half of 2018. Meanwhile, there is dramatic political change brought about by the arrival of a new prime minister in 2018, an ongoing refugee influx from South Sudan and Eritrea, and millions of Ethiopians who need emergency food assistance and support to rebuild their livelihoods.

14 Dec 2018 description

As UNHCR works to enhance registration data, the monthly population update has been frozen as of 31 August 2018, pending completion of the ongoing Level 3 registration

Ethiopia is host to the second largest refugee population in Africa, sheltering 905,831 registered refugees and asylum seekers as of 31 August 2018.

Over 205,000 refugees, representing 24.7% of the total refugee population in Ethiopia, have gone through the comprehensive (L3) registration.

11 Dec 2018 description

In Numbers

36,000 mt of food assistance distributed

US$ 125 million, six months (November 2018 – April 2019) net funding requirements, representing 48 percent of total requirements.

4.43 million people assisted In October 2018

Operational updates

• According to the 2018 Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP) Mid-Year Review, 8 million people require targeted relief food/cash assistance until the end of the year.

11 Dec 2018 description

Key Indicators
- 2,069 :Refugees evacuated temporarily from Libya to Niger as part of the ETM (Emergency Transit Mechanism) from November 2017 – November 2018
- 1,629: Persons profiled by UNHCR in Agadez seeking asylum
- 51,848: Persons internally displaced in the Tillaberi & Tahoua regions

Operational Context

The key situations include:

05 Dec 2018 description

A l’occasion de la semaine du Sahel et de l’Afrique de l’Ouest et dans le cadre du rendez-vous annuel de dialogue et de concertation sur les enjeux alimentaires et nutritionnels au Sahel (RPCA) qui se tient en Gambie du 3 au 8 décembre, les ONG Action Contre la Faim, Oxfam et Save The Children lancent le rapport « Sahel : priorité à la résilience et au développement » qui préconise une approche globale et durable pour lutter contre la faim au Sahel.

03 Dec 2018 description

Since the beginning of this year Ethiopia has more new conflict-driven Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) than any other country in the world, with over 1.4 million in 2018. Of the approximately 2.8 million total IDPs in Ethiopia, over 2.2 million are displaced due to conflict with the over 500,000 remaining displaced by climatic shocks, including drought- and flood-induced food insecurity. An estimated 7.9 million people in Ethiopia are in need of emergency food assistance, with those internally displaced being some of the most affected.

30 Nov 2018 description

Detention Centre Profiling is a component of IOM Libya’s Displacement Matrix programme. It is a data oriented tool that routinely provides specific sex and age demographic data and key sectorial information on individuals held in Libya’s detention Centres.

In this round, 12 detention centres have been assessed, namely Abusliem, Al kufra, Alsabaa, Benghazi Ganfouda, Ejdabia, Janzour, Misrata Kararim, Qasr Bin Ghasheer, Sabratha Melita, Tobruk, Trig al Seka, and Zliten.

28 Nov 2018 description

Operational Updates

• Djibouti is hosting approximately 26,300 refugees from Somalia, Yemen, Eritrea and Ethiopia, of which 21,100 reside in settlements. WFP provides assistance to all registered refugees and asylum seekers living in Ali Addeh, Holl Holl and Markazi camps in form of general distributions, nutrition support and a cash transfer component as part of the general distribution.

22 Nov 2018 description

Detention Centre Profiling is a component of IOM Libya’s Displacement Matrix programme. It is a data oriented tool that routinely provides specific sex and age demographic data and key sectorial information on individuals held in Libya’s detention Centres.

In this round, 12 detention centres have been assessed, namely Abusliem, Al kufra, Alsabaa, Benghazi Al Wafiah, Ejdabia, Janzour, Misrata Kararim, Qasr Bin Ghasheer, Sabratha Melita, Tobruk, Trig al Seka, and Zliten.

19 Nov 2018 description
report UN Children's Fund

Highlights

  • The killing of four government officials in late September in Benishangul-Gumuz Region aggravated already existing ethnic tensions resulting in a large-scale intercommunal conflict displacing approximately 200,000 people along the Benishangul-Gumuz-Oromia border.

  • A polio vaccination campaign was successfully conducted in five zones of the Somali region between 23-26 September, reaching 486,816 children under 5 years of age.

17 Nov 2018 description

Highlights

  • On 10 November, a commercial vessel reached the port of Misrata, carrying 95 refugees and migrants who were intercepted at sea in the attempt to reach Europe, and who subsequently refused to disembark onto Libyan soil.

  • On 14 November, a total of 14 individuals, including a woman and a three-month-old baby, voluntarily disembarked the vessel, while the remaining 81 individuals have to date stayed aboard the ship.

15 Nov 2018 description

KEY INDICATORS

  • 1,675 Refugees evacuated temporarily from Libya to Niger as part of the ETM (Emergency Transit Mechanism) from November 2017 – October 2018

  • 2,133 Persons profiled by UNHCR in Agadez seeking asylum

  • 48,736 Persons internally displaced in the Tillaberi & Tahoua regions

Operational Context
The key situations include:

13 Nov 2018 description

Nakivale, one of the oldest refugee settlements in Uganda, was opened in 1958 and officially established as a settlement in 1960. The settlement hosts more than 100,000 refugees from Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, and South Sudan. During the Burundian crisis in 2015, the population of the settlement greatly increased and has since remained this high. Markets are bustling and food is available for purchase, but many refugees struggle to afford basic items.

Gaps & Challenges

09 Nov 2018 description

Message from our Regional Director

Despite numerous humanitarian challenges in 2017 in Africa, there were also a number of heart-warming accomplishments. A case in point, was when a local response of Red Crescent teams—and other partners—curbed Somalia's cholera outbreak through the power of local volunteers and shared international expertise. In terms of support to our members, 36 National Societies were able to kick start initiatives that built their capacity through seed grants.

04 Nov 2018 description

Operational Updates

• Djibouti is hosting approximately 26,300 refugees from Somalia, Yemen, Eritrea and Ethiopia, of which 21,100 reside in settlements. WFP provides assistance to all registered refugees and asylum seekers living in Ali Addeh, Holl Holl and Markazi camps in form of general distributions, nutrition support and a cash transfer component as part of the general distribution.

04 Nov 2018 description

Operational updates

• According to the recently released 2018 Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP) Mid-Year Review, 8 million people require targeted relief food/cash assistance until the end of the year.

• There are 2.9 million Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Ethiopia, of whom over 1.6 million were displaced because of conflict and insecurity.

28 Oct 2018 description

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  • Favourable production prospects for main 2018 “kiremti” season crops due to abundant and well-distributed rains

  • Moisture deficits affect grazing resources in pastoral coastal areas

Favourable production prospects for main 2018 “kiremti” season crops

22 Oct 2018 description
infographic UN Children's Fund

Context Analysis

Somalia

  • 4.6 million people in need and 954,000 children under-5 that are or could be acutely malnourished in the next year.
  • The current number of IDPs in Somalia has increased to 2.6 million from 2.1 million in May.

Ethiopia