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31 Dec 2011 description

Working environment

The context

Djibouti is a relatively stable country in the East and Horn of Africa, where it plays a pivotal role in the search for a peaceful settlement of the Somalia crisis. The country is the hub for naval forces combating piracy in the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean. It is host to more than 14,000 refugees, mostly from Somalia, and is also a transit point for mixed migratory flows towards the Middle East and beyond.

30 Dec 2011 description

Working environment

The context

19 Dec 2011 description
report UN Radio

Ecouter la version sonore

A Djibouti, le camp de réfugiés somaliens d’Ali Addeh existe depuis 1990. Ces dernières années, il accueillait près de 7000 réfugiés et désormais ils sont plus de 20 000 réfugiés, majoritairement des Somaliens, mais aussi des Erythréens et des Ethiopiens.

La sécheresse de cet été a poussé des milliers de familles à traverser la frontière. Près de 1000 Somaliens arrivaient chaque mois en juillet 2011.

19 Dec 2011 description

WHO/AFRO welcome preliminary results of malaria vaccine trials

The World Health Organization’s Regional Office for Africa has welcomed the announcement that trials of a malaria candidate vaccine show promising results by providing protection against clinical malaria in children.

The results were announced at the Global Malaria Forum hosted by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation in Seattle, USA and published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

08 Dec 2011 description

(Extract)

Humanitarian Affairs

Governments and civil society groups across the Maghreb used the observance of World AIDS Day on 01 December to raise awareness about the disease in the region, reports Magharebia. Morocco reported 500 new cases of HIV in 2010, bringing the total number of citizens infected with HIV to 28,000. Mauritania reported 25,000 people living with HIV/AIDS in 2010. In Algeria, 12,000 of the 19,000 people living with HIV/AIDS are women.

Human Rights

06 Dec 2011 description
report UN Security Council

SC/10471

Security Council
6674th Meeting (AM & PM)

Action Follows Statements by Region’s Representatives, via Video-, Teleconference, Including Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Claiming Eritrea ‘Prime Source of Instability’

Concerned at the potential use of the Eritrean mining sector as a financial source to destabilize the Horn of Africa region, the Security Council today reinforced the sanctions regime on that country to prevent mining funds from contributing to its continued violations of those measures.

01 Dec 2011 description
report IRIN

MBAR TOUBAB, 1 décembre 2011 (IRIN) - L'ancien chevrier Samba Ba montre fièrement du doigt un rang d'acacias d'un mètre de hauteur émergeant des herbes fines qui sont la seule autre plante qui pousse dans cette savane aride du nord du Sénégal. « Les arbres sont une bénédiction - les arbres, c'est la vie. Nous appelons [cette rangée d'arbres] le Nil du Sahel ».

29 Nov 2011 description
report World Bank

Key findings

• There are still many gaps to address before total sanitation can be achieved within East Africa.

• The efforts of various boundary partners, institutions, and organizations (including donors, the government, and the private sector) must be combined effectively to achieve behavior change outcomes.

• Areas to strengthen include: motivation for behavior change; engaging different levels of government to promote change; and increasing access to available resources.

28 Nov 2011 description

UNHCR Operational Highlights

  • Somalia is the country generating the third highest number of refugees in the world, after Afghanistan and Iraq

  • Somali people are facing one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world today. One in three Somalis is in urgent need of humanitarian assistance and one in every three children living in the South-Central region is malnourished.

17 Nov 2011 description

Highlights

− Escalating security concerns in Dadaab Operation area include unprecedented threats such as the recently explosive device founded near Hagadera camp, November 5. Volatile security in the area includes likely risks of banditry, hijacking/carjacking, and landmines.

− Mitigating measures to reduce the vulnerability of the UN common compound have been adopted and the exercises continue.

04 Nov 2011 description

Executive summary

Eastern Sudan has hosted refugees from neighbouring Eritrea since the late 1960s, making this refugee situation one of the most protracted in the world. Peaking at around 800,000 in 1990, the refugee population currently stands in the region of 80,000, the majority of them living in camps.

27 Oct 2011 description

De nouvelles informations sur l’utilisation des eaux agricoles pour mieux planifier et conjurer l’insécurité alimentaire future

27 octobre 2011, Rome/Kigali - La rapide croissance démographique et la dégradation des ressources naturelles dans le Bassin du Nil risquent d'intensifier la faim et la pauvreté dans la région et nécessitent par conséquent une meilleure planification prospective du développement pour conjurer cette éventualité, a indiqué la FAO aujourd'hui.

27 Oct 2011 description

New information on agricultural water use will support better planning, prevent future food insecurity

27 October 2011, Rome/Kigali - Rapid population growth and natural resource degradation in the Nile River Basin pose the risk of intensified hunger and poverty in the region and require better, more forward-looking development planning to prevent that from happening, FAO said today.

26 Oct 2011 description
  • Cereal prices continue to rise and are nearly reaching the levels of the 2008 food crisis. Negative terms of trade for pastoralist have worsened the already dire food security situation.

  • The estimated number of people requiring emergency assistance continues to increase and has reached 4.8 million. Agencies report a humanitarian emergency.

  • UNHCR is providing emergency aid to some 260,000 refugees who are crossing daily the Ethiopian border to escape starvation, war and insecurity in neighboring countries.

26 Oct 2011 description
  • Although there is no price data available, food security is expected to be affected by high international food and fuel prices as a consequence of the country’s high dependence on imports.

  • Although there is no official data on the food security situation, FAO Global information and Early Warning System (GIEWS) reports exceptional shortfalls in food production/supply.

  • Late and erratic onset of rains affected planting of long cycle crops such as sorghum, maize and finger millet.