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- Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea, Sheila B. Keetharuth (A/HRC/38/50) (Advance Unedited Version)
In response to the Great East Japan Earthquake, the Government of the State of Eritrea made a donation of 50,000 US dollars (approximately 4 million yen) as relief money for Japan.
From Eritrea, letters and messages of sympathy were sent from H.E. Mr. Isaias Afwerki, President of the State of Eritrea and H.E. Mr. Osman Saleh, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the State of Eritrea and others.
At the Fourth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD IV) convened in Yokohama last May, the participants compiled the Yokohama Action Plan that lays out assistant measures to be implemented by countries or organizations.
- On July 29, Japan decided to extend
grant aid totaling 6,620 million yen as food aid for the ten countries
listed below, as part of the measures to cope with the problem of high
2. On April 25 this year, Japan announced that it would implement emergency food aid of approximately 100 million US dollars in the next three months in response to increasing food prices. Also on July 4, Japan announced that it would implement food aid of approximately 50 million dollars by October this year. The decision on this aid is, therefore, part of the concrete implementation.
The Government of Japan has decided to provide a total of 420 million yen for two projects of Grant Assistance for Underprivileged Farmers through the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Notes to this effect were exchanged on July 31 (Tue) (Japan Time) between Mr. Yuji Nakamura, Japanese Ambassador to Italy, and Mr.
On September 5, the Government of Japan and the United Nations (UN) decided to extend assistance of a total of 988,097 US dollars through the Trust Fund for Human Security to the project "Mobilizing Communities to Reduce Reproductive Health Morbidity and Mortality" to be implemented by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).
This project aims to improve the quality of life and security of war-and-drought affected people in Eritrea.
Minister for Foreign Affairs Yoriko Kawaguchi visited Ethiopia (August 26-27) and Angola (August 27-29) before attending the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) held in the Republic of South Africa. During the visit, Foreign Minister Kawaguchi had exchanges of views with prominent members of both governments on bilateral relations and regional affairs amongst other issues, and met informally with those working in the field of economic assistance. Ms. Kawaguchi also visited sites where ODA projects as well as landmine removal programmes are being carried out.
Japan welcomes the final and binding decision of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission on April 13 (Sat) concerning the delimitation and demarcation of the common border between Eritrea and Ethiopia.
Japan strongly hopes that Ethiopia and Eritrea will implement the decision in good faith, further promote the peace process in concert with the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE), and commit themselves to the improvement of their relations.
The Government of Japan has decided to extend emergency grant aid totaling 4,791,000 dollars for activities of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in the fields of water, sanitation and health which are intended for six African countries (Angola: 420,000 dollars, Uganda: 366,000 dollars, Ethiopia: 1,005,000 dollars, Eritrea: 1,650,000 dollars, Sudan: 1,200,000 dollars, and Burundi: 150,000 dollars).
On Friday, March 23, the Government of Japan decided to extend a contribution in the amount of US $ 1,083,000 (one million eighty-three thousand US dollars) to the Trust Fund in support of the delimitation and demarcation of the common border between Ethiopia and Eritrea, which was established by Security Council resolution 1177 (1998).
After the two-year border conflict since May 1998, Ethiopia and Eritrea finally agreed the Cessation of Hostilities in June 2000. They also signed the Peace Agreement in December 2000.
On December 26 (Tue), the Government of Japan decided to extend through the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) an emergency grant aid of 1,360,000 dollars for Eritrean victims of the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea.
A fierce battle occurred this May between Eritrea and Ethiopia which have been engaged in the border conflict since May 1998. It displaced many Eritreans from their home and forced many of them, mainly women, children and the elderly, to seek refuge in neighboring countries, such as Sudan.
- The State of Eritrea and the Federal
Democratic Republic of Ethiopia signed a comprehensive peace agreement
on December 12 in Algiers. Japan, which has been urging both countries
to settle the conflict, welcomes this comprehensive peace agreement. Japan
also pays respect to the tenacious mediation efforts by Algeria and the
The State of Eritrea and the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia have announced their acceptance of the proposal by the OAU (Organization of African Unity), on June 9 and 14, respectively, for the cessation of hostilities. The Government of Japan welcomes the decisions made by the both countries, as it has continuously urged these countries to stop fighting in the past.
On May 12, the Government of Ethiopia announced that heavy fighting against Eritrea was taking place near the border, and the Government of Eritrea announced that the Ethiopia had launched an offensive against Eritrea shortly after midnight on May 12 (local time). Such a development is highly deplorable given that mediation efforts of the international community led, inter alia, by the Organization of African Unity (OAU) are under way.
Japan strongly urges both countries to cease immediately any military action against each other.
The Government of Japan has decided to
extend through the World Food Programme (WFP) food aid totaling 4,100 million
yen to refugees and other afflicted persons in Africa, the Sudan and Kosovo,
who are facing a severe food shortage because of civil war and other causes.
Notes to this effect, covering three types of aid, were exchanged on December
14 (Tue) in Rome between Mr. Hiromoto Seki, Japanese Ambassador to Italy,
and Ms. Catherine Bertini, Executive Director of the WFP.
The breakdown of the food aid is as follows (types of food and value of the assistance in parentheses):
On July 16 (Fri.), the Government of Japan decided to extend an emergency aid of 920,000 US dollars through the World Food Programme (WFP) to internally displaced people in Ethiopia and Eritrea, caused by the border conflict between them.