Most read reports
- Eritrea: Human rights central to brighter future, says expert
- The Ministry of Health Eritrea launches the National Measles Rubella Vaccination and vitamin A supplementation campaign for children under 15
- Thousands of families reunited one month after Ethiopia–Eritrea border reopens
- Somalia and Eritrea: Security Council to Lift Sanctions on Eritrea
- Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2444 (2018), Security Council Lifts Sanctions on Eritrea, Renews Arms Embargo against Somalia
20 MAR 2018 / BY TSION TADESSE ABEBE
Ethiopia is the second largest refugee-hosting country in Africa. It is also fast becoming the most progressive on the continent in responding to forced displacement. If properly implemented, Ethiopia’s version of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework – which combines development and humanitarian aid – will benefit both refugees and host communities.
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia – In 2013, African Union (AU) leaders committed to a future where the continent is free from the scourge of conflict; pledging to ‘end all wars in Africa by 2020.’
But the high ideals of Vision 2020 – also referred to as ‘Silencing the Guns’ – can only become a reality if pragmatic steps are taken to curb the misuse and uncontrolled spread of arms. One such measure is the enforcement of United Nations (UN)-imposed arms embargoes.
On 17 October 2016 the Peace and Security Council (PSC) held its second meeting this year on forcefully displaced persons and the implications for peace and security. The PSC was briefed by humanitarian agencies that called upon the African Union (AU) to use its unique position to protect the rights of migrants.
African borders and their lack of clear demarcation have been identified as one of the root causes of conflict on the continent. The African Union’s Border Programme (AUPB) works toward reducing this conflict risk.
The PSC Report spoke to Ambassador Aguibou Diarrah, head of the AUPB in the Peace and Security Department.
What is the Border Programme all about?
The aim of the programme is the structural prevention of conflicts. We are constantly faced with the need to solve violent crises, but the aim is to prevent them, to anticipate conflicts.
Violent conflicts, terrorism, long-standing repressive regimes, chronic poverty and inequality have driven an unprecedented number of refugees and migrants to Europe. Those making the journey are assisted by an increasingly violent and opportunistic smuggling industry. Sustainable profits made by this industry have allowed transnational networks to develop where they previously did not exist, with serious implications for human security and state stability.
The newest state in the Horn of Africa has become an arena where powerful neighbours manoeuvre for regional influence. The deteriorating security situation in oil-rich South Sudan took neighbouring states by surprise, but they have risen to the opportunities the situation offers. Uganda and South Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea, Kenya and Egypt support different proxies and their competition could plunge the region into chaos.
On Friday 29 May 2015, the Peace and Security Council (PSC) is scheduled to discuss the issue of migration, under the theme of ‘poverty and security in Africa'. The African Union (AU) has several instruments that deal with migration and is cooperating closely with the European Union (EU) regarding the current migration crisis in the Mediterranean.
Africa still faces numerous security issues that continue to challenge its political viability, stability, prosperity and sustainable peace. This monograph attempts to uncover the complexity of the most salient security issues facing the Horn of Africa. It provides in-depth analysis on intra-state conflicts and insurgencies and their consequences on and beyond the region. It also investigates the root causes of several inter-state conflicts in the Horn of Africa as well as the possibilities of their effective management.
Author: Louise Khabure
CONTENTS OF THIS ISSUE
Early Warning Issues for Nov
Country Analysis: Sudan
PSC Retrospective: Continental Early Warning System (CEWS)
Country Analysis: Eritrea
PSC Retrospective: African Women's decade and the anniversary of the UN 1325 resolution
PSC Retrospective: The Relationship between the PSC and African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
PSC Retrospective: African Union Peace Day
Important Forthcoming Dates
This Report is an independent publication of the Institute for Security Studies.
Gugu Dube, Junior Researcher, Arms Management Programme
African states reinforced their ownership of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) at a global conference hosted by the governments of Chile and Norway in collaboration with UNDP held 7-9 June in Santiago, Chile. The CCM is the most significant international disarmament treaty since the 1997 Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention.
Jamila El Abdellaoui, Senior Researcher, African Conflict Prevention Programme, ISS Addis Ababa Office
Yemen recently received a spot in the limelight thanks to the 'underwear bomber,' a Nigerian national who attempted to blow up a plane bound for the US on Christmas Day and who allegedly received training from Al-Qaeda elements in Yemen. Despite the fact that Yemen has been facing a myriad of challenges for some time now, the country rarely received media attention prior to the failed terrorist attack on the US airliner.
Gugu Dube, Dominique Dye (Junior Researchers) & Noël Stott, Senior Research Fellow, Arms Management Programme, ISS Pretoria
From the 9th - 11 September 2009, representatives from African states participated in the 3rd Continental Conference of African Experts on Landmines. The conference was hosted by the Government of the Republic of South Africa, in collaboration with the African Union (AU) and with the financial support of the European Union.
Earlier this month, Eritrea's President Issayas Afeworki gave an interview to the Eritrean media tightly controlled by his regime. In this extraordinarily defiant interview, he accused the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) of masterminding a plot to undermine Eritrea. This statement can be seen in the context of President Isayas' unrepentant antagonism that has become a feature of the Eritrean regime.
President Issayas is a hardened survivor of a decades-long guerrilla warfare.
Author: Solomon A. Dersso
African Security Review Vol 12 No 3, 2003
JOHN G NYUOTYOH