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In 2017, the ICRC worked to address the needs of vulnerable groups and individuals, partnering with national bodies in order to do so as effectively as possible. Attention to humanitarian affairs in Ethiopia was understandably focused on the response to internally displaced persons and drought.
Traditional rules of warfare, the conduct of hostilities, and the categories of people and objects protected during war were among the issues discussed at a round table for academics that concluded this week in Nairobi, Kenya.
The discussion, organized by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), sought to engage participants on International Humanitarian Law (IHL), a set of rules that seek to limit the effects of armed conflict as well identify best practices in teaching the subject in institutions of higher learning.
Mendefera, 29 April 2016- The head of the water supply service in the Southern region, Mr. Kibrom Misgina indicated that within the 25 years of independence 79% of the residents of the region have become beneficiaries of potable water.
He also said that there are water points including 80 working with motor pumps, 96 with solar system, 404 with hand pumps and 29 with electricity power. The potable water supply has increases 10 folds since independence.
For the residents of Adi Ashker – a small village in Eritrea of 1,000 people - livestock means everything. The community's ability to survive largely depends on the well-being of their sheep, goats and cattle. In addition, a family's wealth is directly tied to the number of animals they own, so keeping livestock fit and free from disease and parasites helps keep the whole community secure and resilient to external shocks.
Tears streamed down Lemlem's cheeks the whole day after returning to Ethiopia. Why so many tears? Her return voyage from Eritrea allowed Lemlem to reunite with her daughter after being apart for 18 years and to meet the sister and brother she had never met before.
Lemlem hadn't seen Merhawit since the girl was 2.
The ICRC opened its delegation in Eritrea in 1998 and worked throughout the 1998-2000 armed conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia and beyond, protecting and assisting people affected by the conflict.
Below is an overview of the ICRC's work in Eritrea during 2015.
1,500 Red Cross Messages messages distributed and answers collected throughout the year to re-establish and maintain contact and exchange family news.
Eritreans living in the border village of Aytera know how hard life can be. During the 1998–2000 war between Ethiopia and Eritrea most fled to makeshift camps. Since the conflict ended, they have been rebuilding their lives from the ashes of war.
Aytera's 600 residents depend heavily on their crops and farm animals to survive. This is a test in itself, but the biggest challenge to life in this region – known as Gash Barka, situated in the southwest of the country – is water.
Avec le soutien du Comité international de la Croix-Rouge (CICR), la Croix-Rouge française et la Croix-Rouge italienne ont récemment lancé une opération transfrontalière de rétablissement des liens familiaux, afin d'aider les migrants à reprendre contact avec leurs proches.
The 2014 Annual report of the ICRC is an account of field activities conducted worldwide. Activities are part of the organization's mandate to protect the lives and dignity of victims of war, and to promote respect for international humanitarian law.
Facts and figures
26.2 million people had access to water and sanitation improved.
Read more on water and shelter.
9.12 million people were provided with basic aid such as food.
Read more on aid distribution.
On the occasion of the 6th National Sawa Festival the ICRC, in cooperation with the National Union of Eritrean Youth and Students (NUEYS), held a seminar on international humanitarian law (IHL) attended by 325 representatives from political and youth organizations from across the country and the diaspora.
The Sawa Festival is celebrated biannually at the Sawa Vocational Training Centre, together with the military graduation ceremony of new trainees. The 6th National Sawa Festival, on 17–20 July 2014, brought together some 30,000 people from home and abroad.
Annual Report for 2013: A strong response to complex crises
14-05-2014 News Release 14/81
The ICRC has resumed its regular visits to federal prisons and expanded its activities in regional prisons in Oromia, Amhara, Harari, Tigray and Afar.
The aim of prison visits is to improve conditions of detention for the people detained, ensure humane treatment, and put detainees in contact with their families. The findings of the visits are shared exclusively with the authorities concerned on a confidential basis.
As the ICRC Water and Habitat Unit celebrates its 30th anniversary, we look back at some of the ICRCs most significant water, sanitation and shelter operations over the last three decades.
In 1859, four years before the ICRC was formed, our founder Henry Dunant made water one of his priorities as he struggled to help wounded soldiers after the Battle of Solferino. Thirty years ago, our awareness of the essential role of water, sanitation and habitat for the victims of conflict led us to create the Water and Habitat Unit, known as "WatHab."
An overview of the ICRC's key activities in Eritrea in 2011.
Water and habitat
Restoring family links
Building the capacity of the Red Cross Society of Eritrea
In 2011, the ICRC took:
In 2010, nearly 3,000 resettled or returned families in the Gash Barka region of Eritrea used tractors hired by the ICRC to plough 3,000 hectares of fields prior to the planting season. Unusually, most of the heads of these families were women.
Déclaration de Mme Christine Beerli, vice-présidente du Comité international de la Croix-Rouge. Deuxième Assemblée des États parties à la Convention sur les armes à sous-munitions, Beyrouth, 11 – 16 septembre 2011.
Monsieur le Président, Mesdames et Messieurs,
Clean drinking water is a scarce resource in east Africa. Jean Vergain, regional water specialist based in Nairobi, Kenya, explains how the ICRC provides water in remote conflict-prone areas. He highlights one big project currently under way in Southern Sudan.
What are the challenges you face when providing water for people affected by armed conflict or violence?
There are two main challenges regarding water in east Africa. The first is that of maintaining or developing the water supply system.
Even though the 1998-2000 war between Eritrea and Ethiopia is long past, the ICRC remains active in Eritrea, treating the animals that belong to resettled people in areas that were severely affected by the conflict. The ICRC's Michael Kifle reports.
Drought is one of the major problems that affects livestock productivity in Eritrea. Normally the rainy season occurs between July and September, the dry season lasting for nine months from October to June.
Geneva (ICRC) - Tackling the problem of internal displacement in all its dimensions requires a huge concerted effort at both the State and international level, says the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).