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- Eritrea: Human rights central to brighter future, says expert
- The Ministry of Health Eritrea launches the National Measles Rubella Vaccination and vitamin A supplementation campaign for children under 15
- Thousands of families reunited one month after Ethiopia–Eritrea border reopens
- Somalia and Eritrea: Security Council to Lift Sanctions on Eritrea
- Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2444 (2018), Security Council Lifts Sanctions on Eritrea, Renews Arms Embargo against Somalia
Ethiopia, the second most populous country in Africa, faces a massive internal displacement crisis due to inter-communal violence and conflicts. The displacement crisis started in autumn 2017 and has escalated and spread in the second half of 2018. Meanwhile, there is dramatic political change brought about by the arrival of a new prime minister in 2018, an ongoing refugee influx from South Sudan and Eritrea, and millions of Ethiopians who need emergency food assistance and support to rebuild their livelihoods.
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 16 Dec 2018): 23,131
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 16 Dec 2017): 118,532
Total arrivals 1 Dec - 16 Dec 2018 120
Total arrivals 1 Dec - 16 Dec 2017 1,490
Average daily arrivals in December 2018 so far: 8
Average daily arrivals in November 2018: 33
■ As UNHCR works to enhance registration data, the monthly population update has been frozen as of 31 August 2018, pending completion of the ongoing Level 3 registration
Ethiopia is host to the second largest refugee population in Africa, sheltering 905,831 registered refugees and asylum seekers as of 31 August 2018.
Over 205,000 refugees, representing 24.7% of the total refugee population in Ethiopia, have gone through the comprehensive (L3) registration.
UNHCR Senior Officials, including the Assistant High Commissioner for Operations, visited a site for internally displaced people (IDPs) in South Ethiopia. 2.4 million Ethiopians are currently believed to be IDPs.
Betty G, UNHCR High Profile Supporter and Ethiopian Singer, advocates for refugees’ rights, with a focus on women refugees, after visit to the Aysaita Refugee Camp in Afar As UNHCR works to enhance registration data, the monthly population of concern figures have been frozen as of 31 August 2018, to facilitate the completion of the ongoing Level 3 Registration.
By: Wakanyi Hoffman, Angela Wells
Djibouti – An important seaport country in the Horn of Africa occupied by less than a million people, Djibouti is at the crossroads of one of the most transited and increasingly dangerous migration routes in the world.
With neighbouring Somalia to the Southeast, Ethiopia to the West and South and Eritrea to the North, Djibouti is a patchwork of ethnicities: its citizens descendants of European 19th century settlers, the Afar from Ethiopia, and the French-speaking Somali.
Spotlight on Progress
Between 1 January and 31 October 2018, 3,346 unaccompanied and separated children arrived in Italy by sea, representing 15% of all sea arrivals in this period. Consistent with an overall decrease in sea arrivals this year so far, the number of UASC reaching Italian shores in the first ten months of 2018 is considerably lower than in the same period last year, when almost 14,600 landed in Italy. However, the proportion of UASC among sea arrivals in the January-October 2018 period (15 per cent) is slightly higher than in January-October 2017 (13 per cent).
36,000 mt of food assistance distributed
US$ 125 million, six months (November 2018 – April 2019) net funding requirements, representing 48 percent of total requirements.
4.43 million people assisted In October 2018
• According to the 2018 Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP) Mid-Year Review, 8 million people require targeted relief food/cash assistance until the end of the year.
Geneva – IOM, the International Organization for Migration, reports that 110,833 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 9 December. This year is the fifth straight during which the arrival of irregular migrants and refugees has topped the 100,000 threshold – although 2018’s total is low compared to those recorded at this time in 2017 (165,536) and 2016 (354,395).
- 2,069 :Refugees evacuated temporarily from Libya to Niger as part of the ETM (Emergency Transit Mechanism) from November 2017 – November 2018
- 1,629: Persons profiled by UNHCR in Agadez seeking asylum
- 51,848: Persons internally displaced in the Tillaberi & Tahoua regions
The key situations include:
December 10, 2018 (KHARTOUM) - Sudanese security has captured 4 human traffickers as they were preparing to take 57 foreign nationals towards the Libyan border.
The semi-official Sudan Media Center (SMC) Sunday said the victims were hidden at a house in East Nile locality, east of Khartoum, pointing that the police is still searching for 3 other traffickers.
It added the initial legal action was taken against the human traffickers.
The “third struggle” for freedom in Africa
When the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the UN in 1948, much of Africa was still in its first struggle for liberation from colonial rule. Only three African countries were present at the UN for the vote: Egypt, Ethiopia and South Africa. Apartheid South Africa abstained.
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 09 Dec 2018): 23,051
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 09 Dec 2017): 117,218
Total arrivals 1 Dec - 09 Dec 2018 116
Total arrivals 1 Dec - 09 Dec 2017 176
Average daily arrivals in December 2018 so far: 13
Average daily arrivals in November 2018: 33