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- Somalia and Eritrea: Security Council to Lift Sanctions on Eritrea
- Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2444 (2018), Security Council Lifts Sanctions on Eritrea, Renews Arms Embargo against Somalia
Between 1 January and 31 October 2018, 3,346 unaccompanied and separated children arrived in Italy by sea, representing 15% of all sea arrivals in this period. Consistent with an overall decrease in sea arrivals this year so far, the number of UASC reaching Italian shores in the first ten months of 2018 is considerably lower than in the same period last year, when almost 14,600 landed in Italy. However, the proportion of UASC among sea arrivals in the January-October 2018 period (15 per cent) is slightly higher than in January-October 2017 (13 per cent).
36,000 mt of food assistance distributed
US$ 125 million, six months (November 2018 – April 2019) net funding requirements, representing 48 percent of total requirements.
4.43 million people assisted In October 2018
• According to the 2018 Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP) Mid-Year Review, 8 million people require targeted relief food/cash assistance until the end of the year.
Geneva – IOM, the International Organization for Migration, reports that 110,833 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 9 December. This year is the fifth straight during which the arrival of irregular migrants and refugees has topped the 100,000 threshold – although 2018’s total is low compared to those recorded at this time in 2017 (165,536) and 2016 (354,395).
- 2,069 :Refugees evacuated temporarily from Libya to Niger as part of the ETM (Emergency Transit Mechanism) from November 2017 – November 2018
- 1,629: Persons profiled by UNHCR in Agadez seeking asylum
- 51,848: Persons internally displaced in the Tillaberi & Tahoua regions
The key situations include:
December 10, 2018 (KHARTOUM) - Sudanese security has captured 4 human traffickers as they were preparing to take 57 foreign nationals towards the Libyan border.
The semi-official Sudan Media Center (SMC) Sunday said the victims were hidden at a house in East Nile locality, east of Khartoum, pointing that the police is still searching for 3 other traffickers.
It added the initial legal action was taken against the human traffickers.
The “third struggle” for freedom in Africa
When the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the UN in 1948, much of Africa was still in its first struggle for liberation from colonial rule. Only three African countries were present at the UN for the vote: Egypt, Ethiopia and South Africa. Apartheid South Africa abstained.
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 09 Dec 2018): 23,051
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 09 Dec 2017): 117,218
Total arrivals 1 Dec - 09 Dec 2018 116
Total arrivals 1 Dec - 09 Dec 2017 176
Average daily arrivals in December 2018 so far: 13
Average daily arrivals in November 2018: 33
Déplacement de criquets vers les zones de reproduction hivernale
La situation relative au Criquet pèlerin reste calme dans tous les pays.
In November, 26,000 new displacement were monitored by the UNHCR-led Protection and Returns Monitoring Network (PRMN), a decrease compared to last month. Half of the displacements occurred in Bakool region due to lack of livelihood as pastoralists search for greener pastures. In 2018 so far, PRMN has monitored 858,000 internal displacements due to conflicts, floods and drought.
It is estimated there are 2.6 million internally displaced people in Somalia.
87,051 refugee returnees (2014 - 2018)
This figure includes voluntary repatriation from Kenya (82,840) and Assisted Spontaneous return from Yemen (3,053) as well as 1,158 returns from other countries such as Djibouti (696), Libya (353), Sudan (64), Eritrea (34), Pakistan, Gambia, Angola, Cambodia and others. Somali refugees from these or other countries who return spontaneously without assistance from the UNHCR are not included.
82,840 refugee returnees from Kenya (2014 - 2018)
Monthly Trend of Asylum Seekers
Every day, an additional 110,000 people are forced into water scarcity: WaterAid
A new ranking by WaterAid of developing countries shows where millions of people are already losing their right to water, increasing their vulnerability to the impact of climate change.
Sudan, Niger and Pakistan are the top 3 countries with the most threatened water supply, based on new analysis of Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative measures of access to water, climate patterns and water usage rates.
The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 811th meeting held on 22 November 2018, adopted the following decision on the activities of the AU High-Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) for Sudan and South Sudan and the Horn of Africa:
Le Conseil de paix et de sécurité de l'Union africaine (UA), en sa 811ème réunion tenue le 22 novembre 2018, a adopté la décision qui suit sur les activités du Groupe de mise en œuvre de haut niveau de l'Union africaine (AUHIP) pour le Soudan, le Soudan du Sud et la Corne de l’Afrique:
Libya continues to be a transit point for departure from North Africa towards Europe. UNHCR's interventions at disembarkation points in Libya focus on the provision of life-saving assistance and protection monitoring, to identify persons in need of international protection, as well as vulnerable individuals, such as unaccompanied and separated children, elderly, medical cases, women at risk or victims of trafficking. UNHCR through its partner International Medical Corps provides medical services and core relief items.
A l’occasion de la semaine du Sahel et de l’Afrique de l’Ouest et dans le cadre du rendez-vous annuel de dialogue et de concertation sur les enjeux alimentaires et nutritionnels au Sahel (RPCA) qui se tient en Gambie du 3 au 8 décembre, les ONG Action Contre la Faim, Oxfam et Save The Children lancent le rapport « Sahel : priorité à la résilience et au développement » qui préconise une approche globale et durable pour lutter contre la faim au Sahel.