Most read reports
- Eritrea: Peace deal could offer hope for reforms, including three key steps, says UN expert
- Security Council Press Statement on Developments in Horn of Africa Region
- Can improved Ethiopia-Eritrea relations stabilise the region?
- Along with Peace, Eritreans Need Repression to End
- Ethiopia, Eritrea Reopen Border Crossing
20 SEPTEMBER 2018
The following Security Council press statement was issued today by Council President Nikki R. Haley (United States):
Since the onset of hostilities on 26 August, at least 3,845 families (19,225 individuals) have been displaced. The majority of displaced civilians continue to find refuge with friends and relatives living in safer areas, while others are temporarily sheltered in schools or public buildings. UNHCR and its partner LibAid continue to monitor the situation and provide assistance to affected families in Tripoli and other locations including in Zawiya, Surman, Regdallen, Sabratha, Tarhouna, Bani Walid and Yefren.
Ethiopia made nine pledges to comprehensively respond to refugee needs and is formulating a National Comprehensive Refugee Response Strategy (NCRRS)
The Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) was launched in Ethiopia in November 2017.
The Operating Plan for the refugee response in Ethiopia in 2018 is USD 327.8 million. This plan is currently funded at 21%.
Applying the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF)
Ethiopia has a long standing history of hosting refugees. In 2004, a National Refugee Law was enacted based on the international and regional refugee conventions to which Ethiopia is a party. Currently, the country is host to some 905,800 refugees, the majority from South Sudan (46.6%), Somalia (28.4%), Eritrea (19.2%) and Sudan (4.9%). As conflicts are ongoing in neighbouring countries, refugees continue to enter Ethiopia on a daily basis, making it the second largest refugee-hosting country in Africa.
Conflicts and climatic shocks aggravate current food insecurity in many countries
Some 39 countries in need of food assistance - FAO expects slightly lower global cereal production
20 September 2018, Rome - Persistent conflicts and climate-related shocks are currently driving high levels of severe food insecurity, particularly in Southern African and Near East countries, which continue to require humanitarian assistance, according to a new report published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) today.
BY PHILLIP CONNOR
With conditions improving in some parts of the country, Somali refugees continue to return from countries of asylum. Statistics from UNHCR indicate that over 121,000 people have voluntarily returned from ten countries of asylum since 2014. The countries include Kenya, Yemen, Djibouti,
Libya, Tunisia and Eritrea. As of August 2018, UNHCR registered 31,836 refugees and asylum seekers in Somalia.
Most people seeking asylum in Somalia are from Ethiopia and Yemen.
GENEVA (18 September 2018) – The peace agreement between Eritrea and Ethiopia raises hopes that human rights will be at the centre of Eritrea’s path towards a society respectful of all fundamental rights, says the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea, Sheila B. Keetharuth.
The following statement was issued today by the Spokesman for UN Secretary-General António Guterres:
The Secretary-General welcomes the meeting between President Ismaïl Omar Guelleh of Djibouti and President Isaias Afwerki of Eritrea held on 17 September in Jeddah under the auspices of His Majesty King Salman bin Abdulaziz al Saud of Saudi Arabia.
(The charts below are based on figures from the Italian Ministry of Interior and UNHCR estimates. All figures are provisional and subject to change)
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 16 Sep 2018): 20,617
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 16 Sep 2017): 101,142
Total arrivals 1 Sep - 16 Sep 2018 616
Total arrivals 1 Sep - 16 Sep 2017 2,015
Average daily arrivals in September 2018 so far: 39
Average daily arrivals in August 2018: 48
During the month of August 2018, 9,458 persons from South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Burundi and other countries, arrived in Uganda—the majority from DRC. The humanitarian situation remains unpredictable in South Sudan, DRC and Burundi.
Refugees from South Sudan continue to report fleeing primarily out of fear of being killed by fighters from either side of the conflict inside the country, while those from DRC report interethnic clashes.
Burundians indicate several reasons for leaving their country including insecurity and family reunification.
There is a powerful wind of hope blowing across the Horn of Africa region, said UN chief António Guterres on Sunday, in Saudi Arabia to witness the signing of a peace agreement between Ethiopia and Eritrea, ending decades of simmering conflict.
Saudi Arabia facilitated the agreement, and in a message on Twitter, the Foreign Ministry said that the accord, signed in Jeddah “is a historic milestone for the peoples of Ethiopia and Eritrea, and will contribute to strengthening security and stability in the region at large”.
- In August, UNHCR provided 14,800 emergency kits to internally displaced Ethiopians in South Ethiopia. UNHCR has procured a total of 50,000 emergency kits with funding from CERF (UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund).
- Ethiopian Government held consultations on the new National Comprehensive Refugee Response Strategy (NCRRS) which consolidates Ethiopia’s commitment to improve the lives of both refugees and host communities.
192,513 Libyans currently internally displaced (IDPs)
372,741 returned IDPs (returns registered in 2016 - April 2018)
55,413 registered refugees and asylumseekers in the State of Libya
20,254 persons arrived in Italy by sea in 20183
895 monitoring visits to detention centres so far in 2018
1,527 asylum-seekers and refugees released from detention so far in 2018
1,858 vulnerable refugees and asylumseekers evacuated since November 2017
USD 85 M required for 2018
Ethiopia is host to the second largest refugee population in Africa, sheltering 905,831 registered refugees and asylum seekers as of 31 August 2018.
So far in 2018, 36,185 refugees arrived in Ethiopia, including 1,626 in August. They are mostly from South Sudan and Eritrea.
Flood risk remains high over parts of Nigeria, as heavy rainfall is expected to continue
Africa Weather Hazards
Heavy rainfall caused flooding in western and southern Nigeria. The forecast rain during the next week increases the risks for flooding over the region.
Torrential rain has increased the level of the Atbara and Dindir Rivers. Additional rainfall over the region is likely to further raise water levels, including the Nile River and its tributaries.
1,536 Refugees evacuated temporarily from Libya to Niger as part of the ETM (Emergency Transit Mechanism) from November 2017 – August 2018
2,094 Persons profiled by UNHCR in Agadez seeking asylum
32,183 Persons internally displaced in the Tillaberi region .
Operational Context The key situations include:
The 2017 Sudan Participatory Assessment, conducted between October and December 2017, involved 6,009 Persons of Concern to UNHCR engaged through some 385 semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions, individual interviews and participatory observation sessions. This assessment exercise was conducted by UNHCR in collaboration with partners, actively supported by the Government of Sudan, to engage refugees, asylum-seekers and refugee returnees – women, men, girls and boys of di fferent age, gender, nationality and ability – to identify their needs and examine ways to address them.