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Addis Ababa - An additional 641 Ethiopian civilians were repatriated Saturday from Eritrea, bringing the total number returned home within a week under the auspices of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to 2,055.
Asmara, Eritrea - Aregash Kebede and Bereket Berhan are ready to go home. They are among the 300,000 Eritreans still living in camps months after fleeing the brutal border war between their country and Ethiopia. Both hope the arrival of United Nations peacekeepers will bring closer their dream of returning to a normal life.
Table of Contents
2. Summary of issues and action proposals
3. NGO/CSO views as expressed in their responses to the questionnaire
By Evelyn Leopold
UNITED NATIONS, Dec 29 Reuters) - The United States has introduced a resolution to lift the arms embargo against Ethiopia and Eritrea because of their recently-signed peace accord to end their two-year old border war.
U.S. officials had wanted a vote on the measure on Friday but council members said they preferred to consider the controversy next week. Canada and the Netherlands, who have peacekeepers in the two Horn of Africa nations, oppose ending the embargo until May when it is due to expire.
UNMEE PUBLIC INFORMATION
Top military officials from Ethiopia and Eritrea agreed at a meeting in Nairobi today to give United Nations peacekeepers greater freedom of movement between the two formerly warring countries.
On December 26 (Tue), the Government of Japan decided to extend through the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) an emergency grant aid of 1,360,000 dollars for Eritrean victims of the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea.
A fierce battle occurred this May between Eritrea and Ethiopia which have been engaged in the border conflict since May 1998. It displaced many Eritreans from their home and forced many of them, mainly women, children and the elderly, to seek refuge in neighboring countries, such as Sudan.
Tokyo (dpa) - The Japanese government Tuesday pledged 1.36 million dollars in emergency grants to support Eritreans who have suffered as a result of their country's two-year conflict with Ethiopia over a border dispute.
The government also decided to provide 550,000 dollars in emergency grants to help Angolan refugees from the civil war in the strife-torn country, the Japanese Foreign Ministry said.
The money to Eritreans will be provided via the office of the U.N.
ADDIS ABABA (Dec. 26) XINHUA - An additional land access route linking Ethiopia and Eritrea has been opened in the western front, an official from the Ethiopian Ministry of Defence said on Tuesday.
Head of Foreign Relations and Peacekeeping Department in the ministry Getachew Teferra said that the access route along the Humera-Omhajer crossing was opened in accordance with an agreement, which was reached in Nairobi, Kenya on December 2 at the first meeting of the Military Coordination Commission of United Nations Mission for Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE).
Communication to the press No. 00/50
UNMEE PUBLIC INFORMATION
(Saturday, December 23, 2000)
In an Interview with local journalists on December 19, President Isaias Afewerki affirmed that the comprehensive peace agreement reached between Eritrea and Ethiopia to resolve the border dispute can only be implemented by peaceful and legal means based on colonial boundaries.
Geneva (ICRC) - On Saturday 23 December, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) began, after a slight delay due to a technical problem of the airplane, repatriating some 700 Eritrean and Ethiopian prisoners of war, starting with the sick and seriously wounded. The operation, which will continue over the coming weekend, involves an ICRC-chartered transport aircraft making several trips between the two capitals, Addis Ababa and Asmara. Ahead of each flight, ICRC delegates hold private interviews with the POWs to check that they are all returning voluntarily.
NEWS AND DEVELOPMENTS
Ethiopia and Eritrea Sign Agreement to End Two Year Border Conflict
Rome, 21 December 2000 - Some 28 million people in sub-Saharan Africa are facing severe food shortages as serious food supply problems persist in a number of countries, mainly because of prolonged drought and civil strife, according to a report released today by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The situation is most critical in eastern Africa, where 20 million people face serious food shortages that will require continued food aid well into 2001.
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Integrated Regional Information Network
for Central and Eastern Africa
Tel: +254 2 622147
Fax: +254 2 622129
The Government of Eritrea shall begin repatriating Ethiopian prisoners of war (POWs) on Friday this week under the auspices of the ICRC.
As it may be recalled, Eritrea had formally informed the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) last September of its readiness to release Ethiopian POWs in accordance with the Agreement on Cessation of Hostilities and the Geneva Conventions.
Moreover, the peace agreement signed in Algiers on December 12 between the two countries provides for the parties to "release and repatriate, without delay, all prisoners of war" (Art.