Most read reports
- Eritrea: Peace deal could offer hope for reforms, including three key steps, says UN expert
- Can improved Ethiopia-Eritrea relations stabilise the region?
- Ethiopia, Eritrea Reopen Border Crossing
- Through Regional Diplomacy, Eritrea Normalizes Ties with Djibouti
- Along with Peace, Eritreans Need Repression to End
The Republic of Djibouti occupies a strategic position in the East and Horn of Africa region. It borders Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia and opens onto the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. The country is politically stable and constitutes an island of peace and protection in a region marred by recurrent conflicts. Djibouti is also a hub for international naval forces combating piracy in one of the world’s busiest shipping routes stretching from the Gulf of Aden to the Indian Ocean.
Israel reported that 36 iregular migrants had been intercepted trying to enter Israel from its southern border with Egypt in 2013 in comparison to over 10,000 intercepted in 2012, 17,000 in 2011 and nearly 15,000 in 2010. Mass migrant/asylum seeker protests were reported in December 2013 and January 2014 bemoaning a 1 year detention law and agitating for the adjudication of asylum and protection claims by migrants/asylum seekers.
Djibouti occupies a strategic position in the East and Horn of Africa region. The country is politically stable and hosts an international military presence. It is a hub for naval forces combating piracy in one of the world’s busiest shipping routes, where the Red Sea joins the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.
Djibouti is also located at the crossroads linking Africa to the Middle East.
The number of refugees from Somalia –1.1 million–is the third highest in the world after Afghanistan and Syria UNHCR leads protection and emergency relief interventions targeting 700,000 IDPs out of a total IDP population estimated at 1.1 million and over 2,300 refugees in Somalia.
Situation remains serious along Red Sea coast
The current Desert Locust situation remains particularly worrisome in Yemen, Saudi Arabia and Eritrea.
IOM continues to face a funding gap to assist the Ethiopians repatriated from Saudi Arabia. Some 144,507 people were so far repatriated, nearly a fivefold increase on the 30,000 people initially expected to return.
An estimated 40,000 Kenyans crossed into Ethiopia’s Moyale woredas , fleeing inter-communal conflict in northern Kenya. An Incident Command Post (ICP), led by the DR MFSS, was established to co ordinate the humanitarian response.
Massawa, 22 December 2013- At an assessment meeting conducted from 19 to 20 December in Massawa, Ms. Tsegereda Woldegergis, Administrator of Northern Red Sea region, called on all concerned institutions to step-up integrated efforts for the success of development programs aimed at ensuring food security.
19 December - In Eastern Sudan, thousands of asylum seekers, refugees and migrants from neighbouring countries are at risk of being trafficked every year. Leaving behind lives of poverty, discrimination and exploitation, these people risk everything in the hope of a better life. Tragically, this exodus from a life of suffering is often more perilous than they anticipated.
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UNHCR releases data for first half 2013 showing sharp rise in forced displacement
UNHCR warned today in a report that 2013 was on track for some of the highest levels of forced displacement ever seen by the agency, due to unusually large numbers of new refugees and internally displaced people. The report said 5.9 million people were forced to flee their homes in the first six months of the year, compared with 7.6 million for all of 2012. The biggest producer of new displacement was Syria.
RMMS presents an end of year trend summary and analysis for 2013 with a focus on the Horn of Africa and Yemen region and neighbouring areas. For ease of reading this presentation avoids using statistics and more detailed elaboration but provides a generic overview of prominent trends. Statistical details can be found in RMMS literature produced during the course of 2013 (Regional Mixed Migration Monthly Summaries / Quarterly reports etc )and can be located on our website.
1. Mixed migration: major characteristics
Officials Detain Sudanese, Eritreans in Defiance of High Court Order
(Tel Aviv, December 18, 2013) – Israeli authorities are effectively detaining hundreds of Eritrean and Sudanese asylum seekers despite an Israeli High Court order for their release, Human Rights Watch said today. More than 150 of the migrants ignored the rules restricting their mobility and walked out of what they called an “open prison” in the Negev desert to march toward Jerusalem in protest. On December 17, 2013, they gathered outside the Knesset in Jerusalem, where police apprehended them.
Despite commendable efforts by leaders of West African countries, the region remains fragile and continues to require ongoing support from the United Nations and the international community, particularly to stem the rise of organized crime, a UN envoy today [told])http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2013/sc11220.doc.htm) the Security Council.
In Syria, government military aircraft targeted rebel-held districts in the northern city of Aleppo, killing at least 15 people according to opposition activists. In parallel, Damascus announced that it had retaken control of the key Damascus – Homs supply highway after gaining ground in the battle for the strategic Qalamoun region. London and Washington decided to suspend all non-lethal assistance to the Syrian opposition fearing that military equipment may fall under the control of Islamic radical groups.
The ICRC has resumed its regular visits to federal prisons and expanded its activities in regional prisons in Oromia, Amhara, Harari, Tigray and Afar.
The aim of prison visits is to improve conditions of detention for the people detained, ensure humane treatment, and put detainees in contact with their families. The findings of the visits are shared exclusively with the authorities concerned on a confidential basis.
Ethiopia Received over 5,000 New Refugees
Five thousand one hundred and ninety three new refugees were registered in Ethiopia in the last two months and this brings to 427,077 the total number of refugees Ethiopia hosted by 30 November 2013. Nearly half (2,496) of the new arrivals came from Eritrea while the rest represent newcomers from Somalia, Sudan and South Sudan combined.
By Tesfa-Alem Tekle
December 13, 2013 (ADDIS ABABA) - The United Nations refugee agency said on Friday that it is planning to resettle over 3,800 refugees in Ethiopia to a third country.
This follows record submissions for resettlement at the Tongo, Barahle and Bokolmanyo refugee camps, where resettlement has not not been previously conducted.
Sudan - On the 10th and 11th of December 2013, IOM Sudan arranged for the safe departure of 60 Eritrean refugees to be resettled to Canada from Sudan. IOM Staff from Sudan escorted the refugees to Calgary and Toronto.
The Government of Canada is the first in the top five resettlement countries accepting refugees from Sudan. A total of 711 refugees have been assisted for resettlement from Sudan to Canada in 2013. The other countries on the top five are Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and Australia.
Snapshot 3 - 10 December
In Syria, the conflict has been going on for over 1,000 days, and to date, the war has displaced 6.5 million people internally and forced 2.3 million to cross into neighbouring countries. Meanwhile, Washington indicated that it has been in talks with Islamist opposition factions non-linked to Al-Qaeda, in order to push for a negotiated settlement to the crisis.