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The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) was allocated to four countries in the Horn of Africa following an appeal to the United Nations. The primary objective of CERF was to address humanitarian needs following a series of droughts. Prior to the release of the funds the UN agents in close collaboration with the MOH conducted a rapid assessment of the worst affected areas in the 2 drought prone zobas of Northern Red Sea and Southern Red Sea. A number of needs and gaps were identified.
Note: Map production date estimated.
[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]
NAIROBI, 28 December (IRIN) - An outbreak of locusts along the central Red Sea coast of Eritrea could spell disaster for local crop produce.
Faced with Ethiopia's refusal to implement the binding decisions of a Boundary Commission and Eritrea's imposition of "harsh, humiliating impediments," Secretary-General Kofi Annan is proposing a major reduction in the United Nations mission monitoring the ceasefire that ended the border war between the two countries six years ago.
Four options contained in Mr. Annan's latest report to the Security Council on the UN Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) range from cutting its …
Tropical Cyclone Bondo
Tropical Cyclone Bondo developed into a very powerful storm in the southwestern Indian Ocean. The storm intensity peaked at 110 knots before starting to weaken. By the time Bondo made landfall, it had been down graded to a tropical storm with winds at about 60 knots. Bondo developed on December 18th near Diego Garcia and dissipated on December 26th in the Mozambique Channel.
Dec 25 (Reuters) - Ethiopian warplanes attacked two Islamist-held airfields in Somalia on Monday, witnesses said, wounding at least one person and further escalating a conflict that threatens to engulf the Horn of Africa in war. Here are some details about the region.
WHAT IS THE HORN OF AFRICA?
-The horn is a peninsula of East Africa that juts into the Arabian Sea.
-The term also refers to the greater region containing the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia. It covers approximately 2 million sq km (770,000 sq mile). The population is about 86.5 million.
1) Basic Information
The End of Battle and Returnees from Sudan
One million people became refugees and Internally Displaces Persons after 30 years of Independence War and two and a half years of boundary dispute. As a result, most of the refugees escaped to the neighboring country, Sudan. Based on the Tripartite Agreement among the governments of Eritrea, Sudan, and UNHCR in May 2001, the returning process for refugees began.
The world health report: Working together for health
In 2006, both The world health report and World Health Day focused on health workers. The creation by WHO and other partners of the Global Health Workforce Alliance and the adoption by the World Health Assembly of resolutions calling for a response to this crisis have paved the way towards better recognition for the vital role health workers play within health systems.
Rapport sur la santé dans le monde: travailler ensemble pour la santé
En 2006, le Rapport sur la santé dans le monde et la Journée mondiale de la santé ont été consacrés aux personnels de santé. La création par l'Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) et d'autres partenaires de l'Alliance mondiale pour les personnels de santé ainsi que l'adoption par l'Assemblée mondiale de la Santé de résolutions appelant à s'attaquer à la crise laissent augurer d'une meilleure reconnaissance du rôle vital que jouent les personnels dans les systèmes de santé.
Mai-Aini, 20 December 2006 - Different development projects worth 19 million Nakfa have been implemented in Mai-Aini sub-zone, Southern region, according to Mr. Russom Kifle, Administrator of the sub-zone.
Two high schools at a cost of over 14 million Nakfa and a potable water supply at a cost of 2 million Nakfa and 4 water distribution stations worth 200,000 Nakfa have been constructed.
Moreover, health centers in six villages have been renovated at a cost of half a million Nakfa and 50 km.-long roads of 5 villages repaired.
Greater Horn of Africa Outlook
The four month lead in the Greater Horn shows a slight tilt in the odds towards above normal precipitation in northern Somalia and nearby portions of Djibouti and Ethiopia.
Musha, 19 December 2006- As part of efforts to provide potable water supply to citizens in the countryside, water pipelines have been installed in Musha, Hamelmalo sub-zone, at a cost of over 2 million Nakfa.
The project undertaken by the Anseba regional administration in collaboration with its partners includes a well, solar energy pump, water tanker, 5 water distribution stations and 5 km.- long pipelines.
The Administrator of the sub-zone, Mr. Yemane Geliu, called on the local inhabitants to make good use of the new facility.
Weeks of heavy rains have caused extensive flooding in central and southern Somalia and neighbouring Kenya and Ethiopia . More than 100 people have died and up to 2 million people are affected across the three countries. Severe food insecurity caused by a prolonged drought throughout the region is affecting up to 8.5 million people.
Adi-Keyih, 18 December 2006 - Efforts are underway to ease potable water supply problem in Adi-Keyih town at an expenditure of 35 million Nakfa.
The project, which is being undertaken through the Eritrean Community Development Fund, has been underway since 2004, and so far the first phase has been accomplished.
APPEAL AND BUDGET REVISION
The Federation's vision is to strive, through voluntary action, for a world of empowered communities, better able to address human suffering and crises with hope, respect for dignity and a concern for equity. Its mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity.
Rome, 15 December 2006 - Over 200,000 Eritrean families affected by recent border wars and long periods of drought will participate in a new agricultural and livestock development programme designed to raise productivity and boost rural incomes.
The US$23.12 million Post-crisis Rural Recovery and Development Programme will be partly financed by a US$12.24 million loan and a US$343,000 grant from the International Fund for Agriculture Development (IFAD).
Rome, 15 December 2006 - The Executive Board of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) has approved US$284.1 million in loans and US$2.5 million in grants to improve the living conditions of poor rural people in 16 countries.
The 89th session of the Board, which met 12-14 December at IFAD's headquarters in Rome, approved loans and grants to support rural development projects and programmes in Argentina, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Eritrea, Haiti, India, Laos, Mali, the Niger, Sri Lanka, the Sudan, Tanzania, Turkey and Uganda.
The Board …
1. The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 8 of Security Council resolution 1710 (2006) of 29 September 2006, in which the Council expressed its intention to review progress towards demarcation of the border between Eritrea and Ethiopia and requested me to present updated options for possible changes to the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE).
II. Recent developments in the Temporary Security Zone and adjacent areas
Assa Ila, 13 December 2006 - A water reservoir has been built in Assa Ila administrative area, Gelalo sub-zone, by Gedem Construction Company. It has a capacity of holding 48,000 cubic meters of water and is expected to irrigate agricultural land that lies below dam.
Previously, the inhabitants of Assa Ila used to travel more than 3 hours to fetch water. They commended the Government for the new facility.
Assa Ila with a population of 1,400 is located 18 km. west of Gelalo.
Positive ENSO conditions and the Indian Ocean Dipole remain in place
Although there has been a slight amount of cooling in the eastern tropical Pacific, sea surface temperatures remain well above normal across most of the basin. Positive ENSO conditions (or El Nino conditions) are expected to remain in place through the end of the southern Africa growing season.