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Nairobi - Près de 400 000 mouvements de migrants ont été enregistrés à Djibouti, en Ethiopie et en Somalie pendant le premier semestre 2018, soit au moins 2 000 personnes par jour en moyenne.
Il s’agit d’une zone à forte activité migratoire, caractérisée par une migration appelée « composite », qui se définit comme le déplacement de plusieurs groupes de population différents pour des motifs divers.
- Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya are home to more than two million refugees from Somalia, South Sudan, DR Congo, Ethiopia, Burundi and Eritrea.
- The bulk of this population — about 1.47 million people — is in Uganda, despite its economy and land size being smaller than those of Kenya and Tanzania.
- The refugees are fleeing civil war and famine, only to find themselves unsettled, plagued by funding shortfalls from international donors, xenophobia and corrupt officials
By Pauline Kairu
Nakivale, one of the oldest refugee settlements in Uganda, was opened in 1958 and officially established as a settlement in 1960. The settlement hosts more than 100,000 refugees from Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, and South Sudan. During the Burundian crisis in 2015, the population of the settlement greatly increased and has since remained this high. Markets are bustling and food is available for purchase, but many refugees struggle to afford basic items.
Gaps & Challenges
Foreword from the Regional Director
"We commend the Government of Rwanda for passing its first-ever law relating to the “prevention, suppression and punishment of trafficking in persons and exploitation of others"
Nairobi – Nearly 400,000 migrant movements were recorded in Djibouti, Ethiopia and Somalia during the first six months of 2018 – an average of 2,000 or more individuals per day.
It is an active migration zone, characterized by what is considered “mixed” migration – or the movement of different population groups for a variety of reasons.
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa—“Sexual assault and embarrassment are the risks that adolescent girls face when dealing with menstruation hygiene in emergency settings, due to the lack of separation between male and female sanitation facilities.”
"Our governments should start viewing us as an asset and not a liability.” - Palesa Lefojane, United Nations Youth Advisory Panel member, Lesotho.
Key Highlights Monthly Trend of Asylum Seekers:
GENERAL ASSEMBLY THIRD COMMITTEE
SEVENTY-THIRD SESSION, 31ST & 32ND MEETINGS (AM & PM)
Lasting Stability Never Comes with Repression, Special Rapporteur Says, Describing ‘Sad Fate’ of Freedom of Expression in Belarus
11th Annual Joint Consultative Meeting of the Political and Security Committee of the European Union and of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union
23 October 2018
Thus far, 2018 has been historic in many ways. Eritrea and Ethiopia signed a landmark declaration of peace and friendship on 9 July, casting aside decades of hostility in a matter of weeks. The announcement of the end to the state of war was met by widespread jubilation in both countries, and was matched by concrete acts of rapprochement, which included reopening telephone and air links as well as the Eritrean embassy in Ethiopia.
"Access to education is a fundamental human right. It is essential to the acquisition of knowledge and to the full development of the human personality, as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states. More than that, education makes us more resilient and independent individuals."
Filippo Grandi, UN High Commissioner for Refugees.