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Situation générale en décembre 2018
Prévision jusqu'à mi-février 2019
Une résurgence du Criquet pèlerin se développe au Soudan et en Érythrée
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 13 Jan 2019): 54
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 13 Jan 2018): 886
Total arrivals 1 Jan - 13 Jan 2019 54
Total arrivals 1 Jan - 13 Jan 2018 886
Average daily arrivals in January 2019 so far: 4
Average daily arrivals in December 2018: 12
Dead and missing in 2019 - Central Med (as of 13 Jan) 12
Dead and missing in 2019 - Mediterranean Sea (as of 13 Jan) 14
Dead and missing in 2018 - Central Med (as of 13 Jan) 176
Dead and missing in 2018 - Mediterranean Sea (as of 13 Jan) 194
Overview and developments
Between 1 January and 31 December 2018, 23,370 persons arrived in Italy by sea.
This is an 80 per cent decrease compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (119,369). In the first half of the year, monthly arrival numbers ranged from 1,049 in April 2018 to 4,189 in January 2018. In the second half of the year, the numbers of monthly arrivals decreased further. Notably, in December 2018, 359 refugees and migrants were recorded at landing points in southern Italy.
A not-insignificant share of the European Union’s resident irregular migrant population comes from sub-Saharan Africa. Even though estimates of the unauthorized population in EU Member States are notoriously imprecise, comparing the number of non-EU nationals (formally known as third-country nationals) ordered to leave with the number who departed suggests that the resident unauthorized population has grown by up to 3 million persons over the past ten years.
General situation during November 2018
Forecast until mid-January 2019
Desert Locust outbreak develops in Sudan and Eritrea
Favourable ecological conditions and extensive breeding caused a Desert Locust outbreak to develop in the winter breeding areas along the Red Sea coast in Sudan and Eritrea during December.
UNHCR supported more than 90,900 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and returnees. Throughout the year, UNHCR and its partner LibAid distributed non-food items, such as blankets, kitchen sets and hygiene kits, to more than 68,240 IDPs and returnees in over 14 cities, including Tripoli, Benghazi, Sirt, Misrata, Sabha and Ubari. In addition, UNHCR and its partners ACTED and DRC provided multipurpose cash assistance to over 22,650 individuals, who used the funds to cover basic needs, including food, hygiene items, and other necessities.
The following statement was issued today by the Spokesman for UN Secretary-General António Guterres:
Dear fellow citizens of the world, I wish you a happy, peaceful and prosperous New Year.
Last New Year, I issued a red alert, and the dangers I mentioned still persist. These are anxious times for many, and our world is undergoing a stress test. Climate change is running faster than we are. Geopolitical divisions are deepening, making conflicts more difficult to resolve. And record numbers of people are moving in search of safety and protection.
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 30 Dec 2018): 23,371
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 30 Dec 2017): 119,249
Total arrivals 1 Dec - 30 Dec 2018 360
Total arrivals 1 Dec - 30 Dec 2017 2,207
Average daily arrivals in December 2018 so far: 12
Average daily arrivals in November 2018: 33
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid1 , and in particular Article 2, Article 4 and Article 15(2) and (3) thereof,
Having regard to Council Decision 2013/755/EU of 25 November 2013 on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Union ('Overseas Association Decision')2 , and in particular Article 79 thereof,
SEVENTY-THIRD SESSION, HIGHLIGHTS
Multilateralism Only Viable Response, Assembly President Says, as Secretary-General Hails Peace Efforts in Horn of Africa, Korean Peninsula
Amid the backdrop of rising unilateralism and large-scale migration, world leaders attending the General Assembly united under the theme of making the United Nations relevant to all people, stressing that only through a multilateral rules-based order can the international community meet emerging challenges.
In the first 11 months of 2018, the number of irregular border crossings into the EU fell by 30% from a year ago to about 138 000, mainly because of lower migratory pressure in the Central Mediterranean. A month before the end of the year, 2018 remains on track to see the lowest number of illegal border crossings since 2014.
In November, about 8 800 irregular border crossings were detected on the main migratory routes into the EU, 44% lower than in the same month of last year.
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 23 Dec 2018): 23,192
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 23 Dec 2017): 118,874
Total arrivals 1 Dec - 23 Dec 2018 181
Total arrivals 1 Dec - 23 Dec 2017 1,832
Average daily arrivals in December 2018 so far: 8
Average daily arrivals in November 2018: 33
Between 1 January and 30 November 2018, 3,485 unaccompanied and separated children arrived in Italy by sea, representing 15 per cent of all sea arrivals in this period. Consistent with an overall decrease in sea arrivals this year so far, the number of UASC reaching Italian shores in the first eleven months of 2018 is considerably lower than in the same period last year, when 15,540 landed in Italy. However, the proportion of UASC among sea arrivals in the January-November 2018 period (15 per cent) is slightly higher than in January-November 2017 (13 per cent).
Between 1 January and 30 November 2018, 23,011 persons arrived in Italy by sea.
This is an 80 per cent decrease compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (117,042). In November 2018, less than 1,000 persons reached Italian shores. This is comparable with arrival numbers in the previous month, when just over 1,000 disembarked in southern Italy. However, it is a reduction compared to monthly arrival numbers in previous years. In November 2017, over 5,600 refugees and migrants were recorded at landing points in southern Italy
Overview and Developments
Charles Shey Wiysonge
Director, Cochrane South Africa, South African Medical Research Council
Charles Shey Wiysonge does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.