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Déplacement de criquets vers les zones de reproduction hivernale
La situation relative au Criquet pèlerin reste calme dans tous les pays.
General situation during November 2018 Forecast until mid-January 2019
The Desert Locust situation continued to remain calm during November
1,675 Refugees evacuated temporarily from Libya to Niger as part of the ETM (Emergency Transit Mechanism) from November 2017 – October 2018
2,133 Persons profiled by UNHCR in Agadez seeking asylum
48,736 Persons internally displaced in the Tillaberi & Tahoua regions
The key situations include:
TRENDS AND KEY FIGURES
Geneva — IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 100,630 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 4 November, including 49,013 to Spain, the region’s most active destination point this year, with just under 50 per cent of all 2018 arrivals. The region’s total arrivals through the recent weekend compare with 154,825 arrivals across the region through the same period last year, and 337,773 at this point in 2016 (see chart below).
MIXED MIGRATION FLOWS TO EUROPE
Between July and September 2018, a total of 45,092 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe, 14 per cent more than the 39,402 registered in the second quarter and two and a half times the 18,956 registered in the first three months of the year. More than a half (53%) of arrivals were registered as land and sea arrivals to Spain (24,361). Greece has received the second largest caseload of arrivals (14,226), three times more than 4,447 arrivals registered in Italy during this reporting period (July – September 2018).
General situation during October 2018 Forecast until mid-Dececember 2018
The Desert Locust situation continued to remain calm during October
Although seasonal rains ended in the northern Sahel between Mauritania and Sudan and vegetation was drying out, a second generation of breeding took place in Chad and small-scale breeding occurred in norther Niger and southern Algeria.
TOTAL ARRIVALS ¹ (Jan-Sep 2018)
2018: 99,500 (As of 30 September 2018)
2017: 143,500 (As of 30 Sep 2017; total of 2017: 178,500)
2016: 308,000 (As of 30 Sep 2016; total of 2016: 362,753)
2015: 528,700 (As of 30 Sep 2015; total of 2015: 1,015,078)
Between 1 January and 30 September 2018, some 99,500 refugees and migrants crossed the Mediterranean Sea from North Africa and Turkey. Most crossed the Western Mediterranean from Morocco to Spain.
88,250 in Q1-Q3 2018
143,500 in Q1-Q3 2017
Dead and Missing
1,866 in Q1-Q3 2018
2,685 in Q1-Q3 2017
"Access to education is a fundamental human right. It is essential to the acquisition of knowledge and to the full development of the human personality, as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states. More than that, education makes us more resilient and independent individuals."
Filippo Grandi, UN High Commissioner for Refugees.
Overview and developments
Between 1 January and 30 September 2018, 20,948 refugees and migrants arrived in Italy by sea, an 80 per cent decrease compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (105,418). In September 2018, just under 950 refugees and migrants reached Italian shores, an 85 per cent reduction compared to 6,291 sea arrivals in September 2017. Monthly sea arrivals numbers in September 2018 were the lowest since February 2013.
Between 1 January and 30 September 2018, 3,254 unaccompanied and separated children arrived in Italy by sea, representing 16 per cent of all sea arrivals in this period. Consistent with an overall decrease in sea arrivals this year so far, the number of UASC reaching Italian shores in the first nine months of 2018 is considerably lower than in the same period last year, when over 13,800 landed in Italy. However, the proportion of UASC among sea arrivals in the January-September 2018 period (16 per cent) is slightly higher than in January-September 2017 (13 per cent).
Between 1 January and 30 September 2018, 20,948 persons arrived in Italy by sea, an 80 per cent decrease compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (105,418). In September 2018, 947 persons reached Italian shores, most commonly departing from Tunisia. This is a significant reduction compared to the almost 6,300 refugees and migrant arrivals recorded at landing points in southern Italy in September 2017. The number of monthly sea arrivals in September 2018 is the lowest recorded since February 2013.
Overview and developments
1,536 Refugees evacuated temporarily from Libya to Niger as part of the ETM (Emergency Transit Mechanism) from November 2017 – September 2018
2,143 Persons profiled by UNHCR in Agadez seeking asylum
41,794 Persons internally displaced in the Tillaberi & Tahoua regions
The key situations include:
Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 86,436 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 7 October, with 39,445 to Spain, the leading destination this year. In fact, since late September’s arrivals were reported, Spain in 2018 has now received via the Mediterranean more irregular migrants than it did throughout all the years 2015, 2016 and 2017 combined.
The region’s total arrivals through the recent weekend compare with 140,272 arrivals across the region through the same period last year, and 318,207 at this point in 2016.
Situation générale en septembre 2018
Prévision jusqu'à mi-novembre 2018
RÉGION OCCIDENTALE: CALME
SITUATION. Une reproduction à petite échelle était en cours en Mauritanie, au Niger et au Tchad, et probablement aussi dans le nord du Mali. Une reproduction locale s'est poursuivie dans le centre de l'Algérie où des opérations de lutte limitées ont été réalisées.
The 21th round of data collection took place in July and August 2018. During this round a revised version of the data collection methodology was used to capture additional information on the needs and challenges migrants are facing.
DTM identified there to be at least 669,176 migrants in Libya. Migrants were identified in all baladiyas, within 554 communities and originated from more than 41 countries.
General situation during September 2018 Forecast until mid-November 2018
The Desert Locust situation continued to remain calm during September
Small-scale breeding occurred throughout the month in parts of the northern Sahel between Mauritania and western Eritrea, but it was very difficult to detect during surveys as locust numbers remained extremely low and insignificant.