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Spotlight on Progress
Between 1 January and 31 October 2018, 3,346 unaccompanied and separated children arrived in Italy by sea, representing 15% of all sea arrivals in this period. Consistent with an overall decrease in sea arrivals this year so far, the number of UASC reaching Italian shores in the first ten months of 2018 is considerably lower than in the same period last year, when almost 14,600 landed in Italy. However, the proportion of UASC among sea arrivals in the January-October 2018 period (15 per cent) is slightly higher than in January-October 2017 (13 per cent).
Geneva – IOM, the International Organization for Migration, reports that 110,833 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 9 December. This year is the fifth straight during which the arrival of irregular migrants and refugees has topped the 100,000 threshold – although 2018’s total is low compared to those recorded at this time in 2017 (165,536) and 2016 (354,395).
- 2,069 :Refugees evacuated temporarily from Libya to Niger as part of the ETM (Emergency Transit Mechanism) from November 2017 – November 2018
- 1,629: Persons profiled by UNHCR in Agadez seeking asylum
- 51,848: Persons internally displaced in the Tillaberi & Tahoua regions
The key situations include:
Déplacement de criquets vers les zones de reproduction hivernale
La situation relative au Criquet pèlerin reste calme dans tous les pays.
Libya continues to be a transit point for departure from North Africa towards Europe. UNHCR's interventions at disembarkation points in Libya focus on the provision of life-saving assistance and protection monitoring, to identify persons in need of international protection, as well as vulnerable individuals, such as unaccompanied and separated children, elderly, medical cases, women at risk or victims of trafficking. UNHCR through its partner International Medical Corps provides medical services and core relief items.
A l’occasion de la semaine du Sahel et de l’Afrique de l’Ouest et dans le cadre du rendez-vous annuel de dialogue et de concertation sur les enjeux alimentaires et nutritionnels au Sahel (RPCA) qui se tient en Gambie du 3 au 8 décembre, les ONG Action Contre la Faim, Oxfam et Save The Children lancent le rapport « Sahel : priorité à la résilience et au développement » qui préconise une approche globale et durable pour lutter contre la faim au Sahel.
General situation during November 2018 Forecast until mid-January 2019
The Desert Locust situation continued to remain calm during November
1,675 Refugees evacuated temporarily from Libya to Niger as part of the ETM (Emergency Transit Mechanism) from November 2017 – October 2018
2,133 Persons profiled by UNHCR in Agadez seeking asylum
48,736 Persons internally displaced in the Tillaberi & Tahoua regions
The key situations include:
TRENDS AND KEY FIGURES
Message from our Regional Director
Despite numerous humanitarian challenges in 2017 in Africa, there were also a number of heart-warming accomplishments. A case in point, was when a local response of Red Crescent teams—and other partners—curbed Somalia's cholera outbreak through the power of local volunteers and shared international expertise. In terms of support to our members, 36 National Societies were able to kick start initiatives that built their capacity through seed grants.
Geneva — IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 100,630 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 4 November, including 49,013 to Spain, the region’s most active destination point this year, with just under 50 per cent of all 2018 arrivals. The region’s total arrivals through the recent weekend compare with 154,825 arrivals across the region through the same period last year, and 337,773 at this point in 2016 (see chart below).
MIXED MIGRATION FLOWS TO EUROPE
Between July and September 2018, a total of 45,092 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe, 14 per cent more than the 39,402 registered in the second quarter and two and a half times the 18,956 registered in the first three months of the year. More than a half (53%) of arrivals were registered as land and sea arrivals to Spain (24,361). Greece has received the second largest caseload of arrivals (14,226), three times more than 4,447 arrivals registered in Italy during this reporting period (July – September 2018).
General situation during October 2018 Forecast until mid-Dececember 2018
The Desert Locust situation continued to remain calm during October
Although seasonal rains ended in the northern Sahel between Mauritania and Sudan and vegetation was drying out, a second generation of breeding took place in Chad and small-scale breeding occurred in norther Niger and southern Algeria.
TOTAL ARRIVALS ¹ (Jan-Sep 2018)
2018: 99,500 (As of 30 September 2018)
2017: 143,500 (As of 30 Sep 2017; total of 2017: 178,500)
2016: 308,000 (As of 30 Sep 2016; total of 2016: 362,753)
2015: 528,700 (As of 30 Sep 2015; total of 2015: 1,015,078)
Between 1 January and 30 September 2018, some 99,500 refugees and migrants crossed the Mediterranean Sea from North Africa and Turkey. Most crossed the Western Mediterranean from Morocco to Spain.
88,250 in Q1-Q3 2018
143,500 in Q1-Q3 2017
Dead and Missing
1,866 in Q1-Q3 2018
2,685 in Q1-Q3 2017