- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
- Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic - Apr 2009
- Djibouti: Floods - Apr 2004
- Djibouti: Toxic Pollution - Mar 2002
- Djibouti: Drought - Aug 1999
- Djibouti: Drought - Jul 1996
- Djibouti: Floods - Nov 1994
- Djibouti: Floods - Apr 1989
- Djibouti: Drought - Feb 1988
Most read reports
- A Life and Death Struggle Transiting Through the Horn of Africa
- Djibouti carries out mass immunization to protect children against polio, amid outbreaks in the Horn of Africa
- WFP Djibouti Country Brief, October 2018
- WFP Djibouti Country Brief, September 2018
- Djibouti: Food Assistance Fact Sheet - September 30, 2018
- Five countries hosting Somali refugees asked to speed up legislation to allow free movement, education and employment for the refugees.
- Despite efforts by the Somalia government to create a conducive environment for voluntary return supported by the international donors, the security situation has not improved forcing these countries to accommodate considerable number of returnees.
By Fred Oluoch
Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda, Djibouti and Yemen — home to about 900,000 Somali refugees — are still struggling to ease movement of refugees, integrate them into national development programmes and give them access to services and jobs.
This is mainly because international partners that support the Nairobi Action Plan created in March last year, are constrained by funding other programmes elsewhere, among them security and environmental degradation.
In September 2016, the UN General Assembly adopted the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants. UN Member States committed to strengthening and enhancing mechanisms to protect refugees and migrants and to move towards a more effective system of responsibility sharing in the international refugee response. States committed to working towards the adoption of a Global Compact on Refugees in 2018, to consist of a Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) and a Programme of Action for implementation.
UNHCR Special Envoy Mohamed Abdi Affey says nearly one million displaced Somalis face growing desperation as donors become fatigued.
By: Alex Court
GENEVA – Nearly one million Somalis in refugee camps in the Horn of Africa and the surrounding region face growing hopelessness as their displacement drags on for decades and donors become fatigued, a senior representative with UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, has warned.
Kenya / Tanzania / Djibouti: 241,000 calls to families were made by refugees in 2015
In 2015 the ICRC continued to help hundreds of thousands of people reconnect with their families following refugee influx in Tanzania and Djibouti.
We provided economic support to people directly or indirectly affected by situations of violence in Kenya and provided training on IHL in all three countries.
Highlights of our work in Kenya, Tanzania and Djibouti in 2015
FEWS NET’s Food Security Outlook reports for July to December 2015 are based on the following regional assumptions:
The June to September rains over Sudan, South Sudan, and western Ethiopia have had near-normal timing of the start of the rains thus far and are likely to have average to below average amounts of rain over the course of the season. While eastern Sudan and neighboring areas western Ethiopia in Tigray Region have increased likelihood for below average to average rainfall (Figure 1).
Current Conditions: Regional Highlight
• Minimal food insecurity (IPC Phase 1) in parts of Sudan, western & central Ethiopia, agricultural areas of Uganda, western Kenya, southwest South Sudan, northern Somalia, Rwanda and Burundi but stressed (IPC Phase 2) in most pastoral areas;
• Crisis and emergency food insecurity remains a concern mostly in DRC, CAR and conflict-affected states of South Sudan, parts of NE Kenya, NE Ethiopia, some districts in Karamoja, Darfur in Sudan, IDP sites in Somalia;
Government of Kenya calls for the closure of Dadaab refugee camp following terrorist attack in Garissa.
Fighting resumes in South Sudan as peace talks stall yet again.
Over 20,000 South Sudanese refugees received in neighbouring countries since February 2015.
Food security expected to deteriorate from April - June 2015 in most countries in the region.
More than 6,500 Burundian refugees flee tensions in Burundi ahead of June 2015 presidential elections.
To project food security outcomes, FEWS NET uses scenario development. In this methodology, an analyst uses current evidence to develop assumptions about the future and compare their possible effects. The following report outlines assumptions at the regional level. Assumptions are also developed at the country level; these are likely to be more detailed. Together, the regional and national assumptions are the foundation for the integrated analysis reported in FEWS NET’s Food Security Outlooks and Outlook Updates. Learn more about our work here.
FEWS NET’s Food Security Outlook reports for January to June 2015 are based on the following regional assumptions:
The remainder of the October-to-February Xays/Dadaa rains over coastal areas of Djibouti and northwestern Somalia are likely to be near average.
AMOUNT: EUR 101 000 000
0 . MAJOR CHANGE SINCE THE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
December 2014 Kenya is currently hosting some 574 000 refugees and asylum seekers, a number which continues to grow rapidly due to the refugee influx from South Sudan.
On 5 November 2014, WFP, together with UNHCR, formally informed the donor community that a 50% rations' cut would take place from the second distribution cycle in November and would be likely to last until the end of January 2015.
Seasonal outlook and impact on food security
There has been a general decrease in the number of food insecure people as harvests continue across the region. Following an extended dry period and delayed onset of rains, a large part of the arid, semi-arid lands (ASALs) have received below-average rainfall providing limited relief.
Displacement increased by 1.4 million in region
The number of people displaced in the region has increased by 14 per cent in the last six months. By the end of September 2014, the total number of people displaced was 11,433,752 in Burundi, (eastern) Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Of the total displaced population, 2,467,547 are refugees while 8,966,205 are internally displaced persons (IDPs) and people severely affected by conflict.
Over 11 million people are living as refugees or IDPs in the eastern Africa region.
Upsurge in fighting and displacement in the Kivus and Katanga region.
ICPAC predicts more flooding in December 2014.
Chronic crisis with pockets of acute to emergency food and nutrition insecurity in region.
Internal displacement dramatic increase mainly in South Sudan and Sudan.
Scale up in response needs substantial new aid flows to be adequate.
Regional food security in eastern Africa shows marked improvement
Nutrition in Turkana Central worsens from Serious to Critical
No polio in South Sudan, as political impasse hinders vaccination in Sudan More than 100 people dead and over one million others affected by floods since August
More than 10 million people displaced in the region as of September 2013
Agreement signed for return of Somali refugees in Kenya, as similar plans are made for return of Burundians in Uganda
Over 170 people have died and 225,000 displaced as a result of flash flooding
Food Security: Aid agencies urged to adopt ‘no regrets response’ to build on regional food security gains
Renewed attempts made to address cross border and incountry insecurity in eastern Africa, namely in Somalia, DRC and Kenya.
Regional Migration: An estimated 9.15 million people are currently displaced in the region: 2,012,531 are refugees and 7,141,442 are IDPs
Several weeks of heavy rainfall have displaced tens of thousands of people from their homes in Kenya
Despite crop damage, regional food security continues to improve
Refugees continue to cross borders, albeit in reduced numbers, due to protracted insecurity in Sudan, South Sudan, Eastern DRC and Somalia
INSIDE THIS ISSUE
In Focus 1
North Africa 2
Northeast Africa 4
Horn of Africa 5
The African Development Bank has allocated $140.5 million to resilience efforts.
Peace agreements for DRC and Sudan/South Sudan have been signed amid continuing concerns.
Refugees continue to flee DRC and Sudan. Some 12,000 Somalis left Kenya for Somalia despite challenging conditions.
Food security has generally improved across the region, though 16 million people are still facing crisis and emergency conditions.
Peace holds in Kenya voting despite some violence.
- Thousands without vital aid in Darfur
- Sudan/South Sudan border remains volatile
- Sexual violence, pillage, extortion rampant in eastern DRC, displacing thousands internally and into Rwanda and Uganda
- Kenya orders refugees out of Nairobi, into camps
- Fragile gains in food security remain precarious across much of region
- Malaria, measles, dengue, meningitis, hepatitis E major health concerns across region
In this issue