- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
- Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic - Apr 2009
- Djibouti: Floods - Apr 2004
- Djibouti: Toxic Pollution - Mar 2002
- Djibouti: Drought - Aug 1999
- Djibouti: Drought - Jul 1996
- Djibouti: Floods - Nov 1994
- Djibouti: Floods - Apr 1989
- Djibouti: Drought - Feb 1988
Most read reports
- WFP Djibouti Country Brief, September 2018
- Djibouti: Food Assistance Fact Sheet - September 30, 2018
- Points de suivi des flux de populations Djibouti - Tableau de Bord - Période 1 - 30 Septembre 2018
- Secretary-General Hails Meeting of Eritrea, Djibouti Presidents, Hoping it Proves New Step towards Consolidating Peace, Security Gains in Region
- Cleaning up after cyclone in Djibouti
In October, a total of 29,558 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a slight increase in comparison with September when 26,112 movements were observed. The great majority of flows identified (64%) were incoming against 36% outgoing. Like for previous months, Harirad Flow Monitoring Point (Awdal region at the border with Ethiopia) recorded the highest levels of incoming flows, while Bossaso continued to record the highest number of outgoing flows. Migrants identified were mostly Somali (63%), Ethiopian (30%), and Djibutian (7%).
In October, 71,000 new displacements were monitored by the UNHCR-led PRMN, a slight increase compared to last months.
Half of the internally displaced came to Banadir from Lower Shabelle due to conflict.
In 2018 so far, PRMN has monitored 831,000 internal displacements due to conflicts, floods and drought. As of 31 August, there are estimated to be 2.6 million internally displaced people in Somalia.
As of October 2018, UNHCR registered 32,261 refugees and asylum seekers in Somalia. Most people seeking asylum in Somalia are from Ethiopia and Yemen.
L'OIM travaille en collaboration avec le Gouvernement de Djibouti afin de mieux comprendre les dynamiques migratoires dans le pays ainsi que le profil des migrants qui transitent dans le pays. Pour ce faire, l’OIM met en œuvre le suivi des flux de population, activité qui consiste à collecter des données dans les localités par lesquelles transitent les migrants. Les données présentées dans ce rapport mensuel donnent un aperçu des mouvements et des profils de populations en Septembre 2018.
SUIVI DES MOUVEMENTS DE POPULATIONS
• Djibouti is hosting approximately 26,300 refugees from Somalia, Yemen, Eritrea and Ethiopia, of which 21,100 reside in settlements. WFP provides assistance to all registered refugees and asylum seekers living in Ali Addeh, Holl Holl and Markazi camps in form of general distributions, nutrition support and a cash transfer component as part of the general distribution.
With conditions improving in some parts of the country, Somali refugees continue to return from countries of asylum. UNHCR statistics indicate that over 121,000 people have voluntarily returned from ten countries of asylum since 2014. The countries include Kenya, Yemen, Djibouti, Libya, Tunisia and Eritrea. As of September 2018, UNHCR has registered 31,991 refugees and asylum seekers in Somalia. Most people seeking asylum in Somalia are from Ethiopia and Yemen.
A strategy meeting on the Horn of Africa and Yemen was held by UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, in Addis Ababa on 13 and 14 October to develop a framework and action plan to guide the Fund’s work and partnerships in the region.
Forced displacement, family separation, and lack of basic protection mechanisms and essential services put women and girls at risk of sexual violence in particular. Together with high fertility rates, this scenario is putting pressure on limited resources and negatively impacting the future of youth.
Djibouti is an arid, desert-like country, characterized by low rainfall, extremely limited agricultural production and a heavy reliance on food imports. Approximately 42 percent of the population lives in absolute poverty, mostly in rural areas.
Migration Resource & Response Centers (MRRCs) are situated along key migration routes, where they fill critical gaps by providing direct assistance, including food and temporary shelter, medical assistance and service referrals to migrants. Working collaboratively, MRRCs bring together key partners to facilitate the identification of migrants in vulnerable situations, and ensure that they receive appropriate, immediate and longer-term support. The services provided by each MRRC vary based on location and needs.
Thus far, 2018 has been historic in many ways. Eritrea and Ethiopia signed a landmark declaration of peace and friendship on 9 July, casting aside decades of hostility in a matter of weeks. The announcement of the end to the state of war was met by widespread jubilation in both countries, and was matched by concrete acts of rapprochement, which included reopening telephone and air links as well as the Eritrean embassy in Ethiopia.
In September, a total of 26,212 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a significant decrease in comparison with August when 34,219 movements were observed; this decrease is attributed to the closure of five FMPs due to budgetary constraints as well as the decrease of movements in Bossasso and, to a lesser extent, Buuhoodle. The great majority of flows identified (68%) were incoming against 32% outgoing, reaching levels comparable to July 2018.
Purpose and scope
In August, a total of 34,219 individuals were recorded at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a slight decrease in comparison with July when 35,885 individuals were recorded. While the overall number of persons remained at similar levels, the percentage of inflows decreased in comparison with July (69% in July against 56% in August). Like in July, Harirad Flow Monitoring Point (Awdal region at the border with Ethiopia) continued to record the highest number of entries for August, while Bossaso continued to record the highest number of exits.
By Volker Türk | 04 October 2018
Mr Chairperson, distinguished delegates, ladies and gentlemen,
The 21th round of data collection took place in July and August 2018. During this round a revised version of the data collection methodology was used to capture additional information on the needs and challenges migrants are facing.
DTM identified there to be at least 669,176 migrants in Libya. Migrants were identified in all baladiyas, within 554 communities and originated from more than 41 countries.
Somalia has suffered extreme weather conditions (such as drought and floods) and conflict for decades. As a result, 2.6 million Somalis are internally displaced and 5 million are in need of food. In 2018, the EU has allocated €89 million to help those most in need. The delivery of cash assistance has proved to be an effective and dignified way of providing assistance to vulnerable people.
What are the needs?