- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
- Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic - Apr 2009
- Djibouti: Floods - Apr 2004
- Djibouti: Toxic Pollution - Mar 2002
- Djibouti: Drought - Aug 1999
- Djibouti: Drought - Jul 1996
- Djibouti: Floods - Nov 1994
- Djibouti: Floods - Apr 1989
- Djibouti: Drought - Feb 1988
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In June 2014, the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator allocated US$75 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to support 11 countries in two regions where humanitarian needs are high but financial support is low: West Africa’s Sahel and the Horn of Africa. With this regional approach, CERF aims to help relief agencies address the complex and interlinked regional consequences of violent conflict, mass displacement of people and deepening food insecurity. This is the second of two annual Underfunded Emergencies (UFE) rounds.
The 2011 drought in the Horn of Africa left 13.3 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. CERF funds have been used to address the crisis as rainfall levels diminished towards the end of 2010. More than US$128 million was allocated to drought-affected persons in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia in 2011. In 2012, another $20 million, followed by $21 million in 2013, was allocated to the region – mostly through the Underfunded Emergency window. Since 2011, CERF has disbursed a total of $169.8 million to the Horn of Africa.
The 2011 drought in the Horn of Africa left 13.3 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. CERF funds have been used to alleviate the crisis as food insecurity increased due to limited rain fall at the end of 2010. More than US$128 million was allocated to drought-affected persons in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia in 2011.
The Horn of Africa crisis continues to affect 13.3 million people, including 3 million people in southern Somalia. In Djibouti, the population is facing the country’s sixth consecutive failed rainy season
More than 13 million people in the Horn of Africa are in need of life-saving assistance. While this emergency has made international headlines only in July, when famine was declared in parts of Somalia, country-based pooled funds in Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia already supported the humanitarian response to address the effects of the drought with US $69.2 million before July. Combined, the three Funds have allocated $108.2 million to this emergency in 2011 (as of 15 September 2011).
Famine was first declared in two areas of Somalia on 20 July and has since spread to another four areas of southern Somalia. Conditions are expected to deteriorate further.
In Somalia, the situation is deteriorating with famine declared in six regions and threatening to expand throughout the south. Rates of malnutrition and mortality are increasing, and communicable diseases continue to spread.
Over 4.0 million people are still affected by drought and famine in Somalia with a quarter of the nation’s people displaced by the crisis.
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Over 3.7 million people are still affected by drought and famine in Somalia with a quarter of the nation’s people displaced by the crisis.
Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC)
Drought in the Horn of Africa has left 12.4 million people in need of help. While international attention to the emergency has peaked in recent weeks, CERF funds have been addressing the crisis since rainfalls failed at the end of 2010. More than $107 million has been allocated to Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia this year.
Famine has spread in Somalia, including Mogadishu, and threatens to expand throughout the south. US$1.3 billion is still needed to provide life-saving assistance to 12.4 million people.
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Food insecurity remains at emergency levels across parts of the Horn of Africa and famine has been declared in two regions of Southern Somalia. Humanitarian organizations are struggling to cope with the influx of Somali refugees in Ethiopia and Kenya. Malnutrition and mortality rates are alarmingly high in many parts of the region.