By ARNALDO VIEIRA
Cape Verde is facing its worst drought since 1977, local media reported.
The state-owned Rádio de Cabo Verde quoted Agriculture minister Gilbeto Silva saying the Poilão, the country's largest dam, had dried up.
The Poilão dam on the Santiago Island, was only two years ago overflowing.
“This is one of the worst droughts in the last 40 years,” Mr Silva said, adding the situation was only comparable to those experienced in 1977 and 1947.
Moustapha Diallo, IFRC communications officer in Praia, Cape Verde
At first glance, the inhabitants of Cape Verde’s capital Praia seem serene and undaunted. But as soon as the conversation turns towards dengue fever, they become deeply worried and anxious.
“Whether they admit it or not, everyone is afraid of catching dengue fever. This is understandable since no one knew of the disease before”, says Tatiana Alfama, a Cape Verde Red Cross volunteer and relief department coordinator.
Nearly 15,000 cases
José Lourenço, Dr Maria Monteiro, Tomás Tomás, Júlio Monteiro Rodrigues, Oliver Pybus, Nuno Rodrigues Faria
Introduction: The Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak in the island nation of Cabo Verde was of unprecedented magnitude in Africa and the first to be associated with microcephaly in the continent.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Late and poorly-distributed rain lead to reduced harvest
Restricted production outlook to result in worsening food security situation Late and poorly-distributed rain to lead to reduced harvest
Résumé narratif des causes, du contexte et des principaux problèmes La campagne agricole 2017-2018 a été très mauvaise par rapport à l’année dernière due à la faible pluviométrie enregistrée, qui a eu comme conséquence une sècheresse généralisée dans l’ensemble du pays. Globalement la production agricole a été pratiquement nulle. La situation des pâturages est considérée très déficitaire dans l’ensemble du pays en comparaison avec l’année 2016/2017.
• La campagne agricole 2017-2018 a été très mauvaise par rapport à l’année dernière due à la faible pluviométrie enregistrée, qui a eu comme conséquence une sècheresse généralisée dans l’ensemble du pays.Globalement la production agricole a été pratiquement nulle. La situation des pâturages est considérée très déficitaire dans l’ensemble du pays en comparaison avec l’année 2016/2017.
28 000 PERSONNES EN INSÉCURITÉ ALIMENTAIRE SUITE À LA SÉCHERESSE
DROUGHT LEAVES 28,000 FOOD INSECURE
Around 28,000 people are in “crisis” and “emergency” phases of food insecurity following poor harvest in this year due to irregular and low rainfall. The number is projected to reach 36,000 in 2018 if no adequate measures are taken. Overall food security is currently stable, with cereals available in markets. However, prices have increased. The authorities have developed a 7.7 million-euro programme to save livestock and provide employment to the affected population.
LES RAIDS ARMÉS CAUSENT LA MORT DE PLUS DE 50 PERSONNES
APPEAL FOR DROUGHT ASSISTANCE
The UN system has appealed for assistance following a drought that has affected the island nation. Some regions have seen complete crop failure and livestock survival is under threat. An assessment is underway to determine the extent of needs. The authorities have developed various assistance projects and are seeking funding.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
AID GROUP WITHDRAWS FROM TOWN AFTER ARMED ROBBERY
The capital Praia alone had recorded 170 cases, DW Radio said, adding that at least 14 infections were imported from the malaria endemic countries.
Generally, the Cape Verde carries low risk of malaria aside from the islands of Boavista and Sao Tiago, where there may be a risk between August and November.
Cape Verde has this year recorded the worst malaria outbreak in over two decades, media reported
By Evelyne Karanja
NAIROBI, 20 May 2017 – The island nation of Cabo Verde and landlocked Swaziland have joined 26 other countries in Africa that are implementing the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, a 15-year global agreement which seeks to save lives, reduce disaster losses and improve management of disaster risk by enhancing risk knowledge.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Cereal production in 2016 estimated at near-average levels
Food security conditions expected to remain stable in 2016/17 marketing year (November/October) reflecting good supplies from two consecutive good harvests
An average cereal harvest gathered in 2016
Benjamin Edwards, MCC Program Officer for Cabo Verde
Of the nine inhabited islands that make up the West African archipelago of Cabo Verde, the island of Sal is one of the driest. The country receives less than 9 inches of rain on average each year and has one of the highest prices of water for consumption in Africa.
Le Groupe de la Banque africaine de développement (BAD) a lancé à Sao Felipe au Cabo Verde, le projet d’Aide humanitaire d’urgence pour la restauration des moyens d’existence et l’accroissement de la résilience des ménages affectés par l’éruption volcanique de l’île de Fogo.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Harvesting of 2016 cereal and pulses crops underway; harvest prospects generally favourable
Food security conditions expected to remain stable in 2015/16 marketing year (November/October) reflecting good supplies from two consecutive above-average harvests and favourable trends in international food export markets
Overall prospects favourable for 2016 cereal production
Women and men access, use, and benefit from water differently; yet due to existing gender disparities, their relationship to water is often unequal.
In many households, women are the primary users and managers of water for domestic activities, including cooking, cleaning, subsistence agriculture, health and sanitation; men primarily use water resources for income-generating activities such as irrigation for cash crops or supporting livestock.