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17 Oct 2013 description

This report provides a status report on the peacebuilding role of the European Union (EU) in Africa ten years after it launched its first military operation in the DRC in 2003, raising hopes among some that this would be the shape of things to come. However, after this auspicious start, the EU’s current operational activities in Africa are best described as peacebuilding by proxy . When it comes to military operations, the EU prefers to support the United Nations (UN) or African Union (AU) financially and politically rather than deploying European troops.

18 Apr 2013 description

ByMorten Bøås with James J. Hentz

Africa’s security is currently standing at a crossroads. Relatively high African growth rates in combination with the increased institutional strength, credibility and legitimacy of the African Union (AU) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) have led to greater confidence in Africa’s ability to deal with its security challenges. However, the continent is also confronted with significant security challenges that could have severe ramifications across several countries and regions.

06 Jun 2010 description

Executive summary:

On 28 May 2010, the United Nations Security Council made a critical decision on the future of the UN peacekeeping mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Monuc) - the largest and most costly such operation in the world. The Council decided to reduce the number of peacekeepers by 2,000, and to transform Monuc into a stabilisation force, renamed Monusco.

The decision was made in a context of differences of view between the DRC government and the UN.