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07 Apr 2016 description

I. RÉSUMÉ ET RECOMMANDATIONS

Depuis octobre 2014, les environs de la ville de Beni dans le nord-est de la République démocratique du Congo (RD Congo) ont été le terrain de massacres comptant parmi les pires de l’histoire récente du Congo. Plus de cinq cent personnes ont été tuées et des dizaines de milliers ont fui leurs foyers. La mission de l’ONU et le gouvernement congolais ont déclaré publiquement que les massacres sont l’œuvre des rebelles ougandais des Allied Democratic Forces (ADF).

07 Apr 2016 description

Entre octobre 2014 et décembre 2015 plus de 500 personnes ont été tuées dans le nord-est de la République démocratique du Congo. Nos recherches indiquent que plusieurs réseaux de groupes armés ont été impliqués dans la violence.

07 Apr 2016 description

SINCE OCTOBER 2014, THE REGION AROUND THE TOWN OF BENI IN NORTH EASTERN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO (DR CONGO) HAS BEEN THE SITE OF SOME OF THE WORST MASSACRES IN THE COUNTRY’S RECENT HISTORY. OVER FIVE HUNDRED PEOPLE HAVE BEEN KILLED AND TENS OF THOUSANDS HAVE FLED THEIR HOMES.

27 Nov 2015 description

Nineteen years after the beginning of the Congo wars, armed conflict still affects millions in the east of the country. This essay by CRG director Jason Stearns and our senior fellow Christoph Vogel accompanies a map of armed groups, compiled by researchers across North and South Kivu, in which we catalogue over seventy groups. This is far from a static picture, and we highlight key shifts that have emerged over the past two years: a decline of regional involvement, a fragmentation of armed groups, and a modest drop in the political manipulation of armed groups.

09 Dec 2011 description

Camino Kavanagh and Bruce Jones

I. Introduction

1). As we began the process of drafting this review, citizens across the Middle East and North Africa took to the streets to demand an end to the abusive practices of the security services, more representative and responsive government institutions, the protection of their rights, greater access to economic opportunity, participation in decision-making, and access to justice. They began demanding, in short, the rule of law.

09 Nov 2011 description

Strategic Summary

Mass protests and political upheavals across the Middle East and North Africa, unexpected crises in Kyrgyzstan and Madagascar, ongoing conflicts, long-standing political stalemates, and countries recovering from conflict drove continued reliance on political missions over the past year.

01 Oct 2010 description

Strategic Summary

Richard Gowan

Overviews of international engagement in conflict-affected states typically focus on military peacekeeping and the economics of postconflict peacebuilding. This excludes an array of primarily civilian missions deployed by the United Nations (UN) as well as other multilateral institutions in countries and regions that are at risk of, experiencing or emerging from violence.

19 Apr 2010 description

Presentation at the Seminar on Robust Peacekeeping: Principles and Practical Guidelines Convened by the French Ministry of Defence (Policy and Strategic Affairs) in Collaboration with the Research Network on Peacekeeping Operations (ROP) of the University of Montreal

By Dr. A.

01 Feb 2010 description

A Proposal for a Third Party Monitoring & Enforcement Mechanism

By Jason Stearns and Steve Hege

I. INTRODUCTION

The Center on International Cooperation (CIC) convened a group of leading non-governmental experts, on 3-4 December 2009, in a two-part discussion entitled: "Practical Mechanisms to Combat the Militarization of Natural Resources in the DR Congo." This workshop aimed to facilitate constructive dialogue on the issue of natural resources and conflict in the DRC.

17 Dec 2009 description

J. Nealin Parker

Center on International Cooperation

Introduction

Robust peacekeeping and, in particular, protection of civilians garnered significant attention in 2009. In January, the Australian and Uruguayan governments hosted a conference on civilian protection designed to convince wary member states.

11 Dec 2009 description

INTRODUCTION

The economy of the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is highly militarized. The mineral trade is a key element of the economy and plays a central role funding non-state armed groups and units of the Congolese army. This reality sustains and perpetuates the conflict in the eastern Congo and also undermines effective Security Sector Reform.

11 Dec 2009 description

INTRODUCTION L'économie de l'Est du Congo est extrêmement militarisée et le commerce des minerais, comme élément clé de l'économie, joue un rôle primordial dans le financement de groupes armés non-étatiques et d'unités de l'armée congolaise. Ce commerce alimente le conflit dans l'Est, le fait perdurer et empêche tout effort de réforme du secteur de la sécurité.

31 Mar 2009 description

Ever since the United Nations started asking its member states, in the late 1940s, for military officers to observe cease-fires and, in the 1950s, for armed troops to monitor borders and supervise force separations, the purposes of these activities have been dictated case by case, heavily influenced by prevailing global and regional politics and by the national interests of countries on the UN Security Council-the five permanent members in particular.

01 Mar 2009 description

Peacekeeping on the Brink

After several years of continuous expansion, reform and resiliency, in 2008 global peacekeeping was pushed to the brink.

This publication warned in 2006 that peacekeeping faced a risk of overstretch. In 2007 it highlighted the mounting pressures on peacekeeping organizations, while stressing that peace operations had shown surprising resilience. By 2008 peacekeeping was spread increasingly thin, in many respects the victim of its own success.