Democratic Republic of the CongoOngoing
Appeals & Response Plans
- DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - May 2018
- DR Congo: Polio Outbreak - Feb 2018
- DR Congo: Floods - Jan 2018
- DR Congo: Landslide - Aug 2017
- DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - May 2017
- West Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- DR Congo: Floods - Nov 2016
- Angola/DR Congo: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Jan 2016
- DR Congo: Floods - Nov 2015
- DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - Aug 2014
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On 8 May, an outbreak of the Ebola virus was declared after two cases were confirmed in Bikoro Health Zone, Equateur province. 39 cases have been reported since early April, including 19 deaths (49% CFR). So far only Equateur province is affected, but there is a risk that the virus will spread elsewhere.
Equateur province in DRC has been affected by an outbreak of the Ebola virus disease (EVD). The outbreak is believed to have begun in early April and was officially declared on 8 May. Since 3 May, 39 suspected cases have been reported, two of which have been laboratory confirmed. The full scale of the outbreak is still being determined as poor infrastructure and the remote location constrain response to the outbreak.
Anticipated scope and scale
Up to 15,000 people were affected by torrential rains and strong winds that caused flooding and landslides across the country in March.
Around 1,000 people were displaced and 80 casualties were reported, mostly in Cankuzo and Bujumbura Mairie provinces. Extensive shelter and crop damage was reported across the country. The main needs of the newly displaced and affected populations include shelter and NFIs, food, and WASH.
Renewed fighting and strengthened presence of armed groups in eastern prefectures of CAR, particularly in Basse-Kotto and Mbomou, have increased insecurity and limited humanitarian access since early 2018.
Fighting also continues in western CAR: repeated cycles of violence since October 2017 in Gamboula sub-prefecture have displaced some 21,700 people within the sub-prefecture, and affected populations in transhumance areas, including Nassole and Dilapoko.
Intercommunal violence between Lendu and Hema communities since December has internally displaced over 100,000 people and led to a severe humanitarian crisis. In a conflict where civilians are being directly targeted, protection of the affected population is a major concern. Thousands of houses have been burned down and livelihood activities, including agriculture, have been disrupted, resulting in significant needs for shelter and food assistance.
Anticipated scope and scale
Geneva, Thursday 15 March 2018
Humanitarian access has deteriorated in seven countries over the past six months, according to the Humanitarian Access Overview report released today by ACAPS.
Out of the 37 countries included in the report, nearly half of them (18) are currently facing high humanitarian access constraints. Moderate humanitarian access constraints are an issue in nine countries and ten present low humanitarian access constraints.
The humanitarian situation for the Rohingya population in Rakhine state remains highly concerning. Civilians face restricted movement and people are regularly denied access to fields, coastal waters, rivers and markets. This leads to food shortages and risk of starvation. Livestock theft is also reported which further aggravates food insecurity.
Intercommunal clashes continue to drive displacement and protection concerns across the country. This week, some 10,000 people were reported displaced in Pweto, Haut-Katanga. At least 2,500 people were displaced in Djugu, Ituri.
Conflict has affected civilians in Mweka, Kasai. In addition, clashes between FARDC and armed groups are also driving humanitarian needs and displacement in Nord- and Sud-Kivu, and to neighbouring countries.
About 7,000 people arrived in Burundi between 24 and 29 January from DRC, and new arrivals have been reported daily since then.
Even though the displaced have been arriving mostly in southern provinces of Burundi, the north and east of the country are also likely to be affected.
Poor underlying conditions in affected areas of Burundi exacerbate acute shelter, food, WASH, health, and protection needs.
The security and humanitarian situation in Kinshasa province continues to deteriorate. On 21 January anti-Kabila demonstrations in the capital resulted in 6 deaths, 65 injured, and some 250 people were arrested.
Cholera cases continue to rise in the province following heavy rainfall since early January: 346 cases and 11 deaths were reported in the two first weeks of 2018.
On 18 December 2017 violence escalated in Ituri and Nord Kivu provinces of north-east Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), causing displacement and an increased refugee influx into Uganda. At least 7,185 refugees have crossed into west and southwest Uganda. Refugees are being relocated to Kyangwali settlement and the Malembo C site in Hoima district, and Kyaka II settlement in Kyegegwa district. Cross-sectoral response must be strengthened as humanitarian resources and capacities are strained due to the increase in arrivals.
655,000 Rohingya arrived from Myanmar into Cox's Bazar in Bangladesh between 25 August and 17 December. The influx has placed immense strain on basic services in the area. The population density is extremely high and there is a lack of adequate WASH facilities. There is therefore a high risk of the quick spread of disease. Over 1,300 suspected cases of diphtheria have been reported between 8 November and 15 December.
The humanitarian situation has been deteriorating rapidly in Sana’a and surrounding governorates following heavy fighting between Houthi and Saleh forces.
At least 125 people have been killed and more than 230 wounded in the last seven days. Civilians are trapped in their homes, unable to move to safer locations. Food, WASH, and health needs have been reported.
The Humanitarian Overview: An analysis of key crises into 2018 focuses primarily on the crises that are expected to deteriorate in the coming year and outlines the likely corresponding humanitarian needs.
Based on our weekly Global Emergency Overview (GEO), we have identified 12 countries that are likely to face deteriorating humanitarian situations in 2018. We include a further six countries where the crises are already severe and likely to continue in a similar trend.
An estimated 136,000 have been displaced in northern Iraq from disputed areas of Ninewa, Kirkuk, Erbil, and Diyala governorates since 16 October. The majority are sheltering in host communities. Displacement was caused by Iraqi forces moving in to retake the area from Kurdish forces who have occupied the territory since 2014, leading to clashes.
Over 3,360 refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) fled into Zambia between 30 August and 3 October 2017. The refugees have been fleeing inter-ethnic conflicts as well as clashes between government forces and armed militias in HautKatanga province. Several of them have reported extreme brutality committed by all parties against civilians.
Heavy clashes between government forces and the opposition have been ongoing in Idlib and Hama as of 19 September causing increased displacement. Civilians, the majority women and children, are being targeted by airstrikes in Idlib, leading to 30,000 people displaced in a week according to local sources. Damage to residential areas, hospitals, and schools limits access to shelter, education, and health with at least three hospitals out of service.
Between 27 April and 25 September the number of suspected cholera cases has surpassed 738,700 including 2,118 associated deaths. The number of new cases per week at the country level has stabilised since the last week of August, but the waterborne disease continues to infect an estimated 5000 people per day. The five most affected governorates as of mid-September are al Hudaydah, Amanat al Asimah (Sana'a city), Hajjah, Amran, and Dhamar.