Democratic Republic of the CongoOngoing
Appeals & Response Plans
- DR Congo: Polio Outbreak - Feb 2018
- DR Congo: Floods - Jan 2018
- DR Congo: Landslide - Aug 2017
- DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - May 2017
- West Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- DR Congo: Floods - Nov 2016
- Angola/DR Congo: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Jan 2016
- DR Congo: Floods - Nov 2015
- DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - Aug 2014
- DR Congo: Cholera and Measles Outbreaks - Jan 2013
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The humanitarian situation for the Rohingya population in Rakhine state remains highly concerning. Civilians face restricted movement and people are regularly denied access to fields, coastal waters, rivers and markets. This leads to food shortages and risk of starvation. Livestock theft is also reported which further aggravates food insecurity.
Intercommunal clashes continue to drive displacement and protection concerns across the country. This week, some 10,000 people were reported displaced in Pweto, Haut-Katanga. At least 2,500 people were displaced in Djugu, Ituri.
Conflict has affected civilians in Mweka, Kasai. In addition, clashes between FARDC and armed groups are also driving humanitarian needs and displacement in Nord- and Sud-Kivu, and to neighbouring countries.
About 7,000 people arrived in Burundi between 24 and 29 January from DRC, and new arrivals have been reported daily since then.
Even though the displaced have been arriving mostly in southern provinces of Burundi, the north and east of the country are also likely to be affected.
Poor underlying conditions in affected areas of Burundi exacerbate acute shelter, food, WASH, health, and protection needs.
The security and humanitarian situation in Kinshasa province continues to deteriorate. On 21 January anti-Kabila demonstrations in the capital resulted in 6 deaths, 65 injured, and some 250 people were arrested.
Cholera cases continue to rise in the province following heavy rainfall since early January: 346 cases and 11 deaths were reported in the two first weeks of 2018.
On 18 December 2017 violence escalated in Ituri and Nord Kivu provinces of north-east Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), causing displacement and an increased refugee influx into Uganda. At least 7,185 refugees have crossed into west and southwest Uganda. Refugees are being relocated to Kyangwali settlement and the Malembo C site in Hoima district, and Kyaka II settlement in Kyegegwa district. Cross-sectoral response must be strengthened as humanitarian resources and capacities are strained due to the increase in arrivals.
655,000 Rohingya arrived from Myanmar into Cox's Bazar in Bangladesh between 25 August and 17 December. The influx has placed immense strain on basic services in the area. The population density is extremely high and there is a lack of adequate WASH facilities. There is therefore a high risk of the quick spread of disease. Over 1,300 suspected cases of diphtheria have been reported between 8 November and 15 December.
The humanitarian situation has been deteriorating rapidly in Sana’a and surrounding governorates following heavy fighting between Houthi and Saleh forces.
At least 125 people have been killed and more than 230 wounded in the last seven days. Civilians are trapped in their homes, unable to move to safer locations. Food, WASH, and health needs have been reported.
The Humanitarian Overview: An analysis of key crises into 2018 focuses primarily on the crises that are expected to deteriorate in the coming year and outlines the likely corresponding humanitarian needs.
Based on our weekly Global Emergency Overview (GEO), we have identified 12 countries that are likely to face deteriorating humanitarian situations in 2018. We include a further six countries where the crises are already severe and likely to continue in a similar trend.
An estimated 136,000 have been displaced in northern Iraq from disputed areas of Ninewa, Kirkuk, Erbil, and Diyala governorates since 16 October. The majority are sheltering in host communities. Displacement was caused by Iraqi forces moving in to retake the area from Kurdish forces who have occupied the territory since 2014, leading to clashes.
Over 3,360 refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) fled into Zambia between 30 August and 3 October 2017. The refugees have been fleeing inter-ethnic conflicts as well as clashes between government forces and armed militias in HautKatanga province. Several of them have reported extreme brutality committed by all parties against civilians.
Heavy clashes between government forces and the opposition have been ongoing in Idlib and Hama as of 19 September causing increased displacement. Civilians, the majority women and children, are being targeted by airstrikes in Idlib, leading to 30,000 people displaced in a week according to local sources. Damage to residential areas, hospitals, and schools limits access to shelter, education, and health with at least three hospitals out of service.
Between 27 April and 25 September the number of suspected cholera cases has surpassed 738,700 including 2,118 associated deaths. The number of new cases per week at the country level has stabilised since the last week of August, but the waterborne disease continues to infect an estimated 5000 people per day. The five most affected governorates as of mid-September are al Hudaydah, Amanat al Asimah (Sana'a city), Hajjah, Amran, and Dhamar.
Over half a million cholera cases were reported between 27 April and 22 August in Yemen. The total number of cases is likely to exceed the 600,000 prediction by the end of 2017. Food security also continues to deteriorate in previously less affected eastern areas of the country. In Hadramut governorate, the share of the population with poor food consumption increased from 3% in May to 14% in July, and food assistance is limited.
Our methodology uses 9 indicators, grouped under 3 categories:
Access of humanitarian actors to affected population
Access of people in need to humanitarian aid
Security and physical constraints Each category is measured through proxy indicators, such as violence against personnel, denial of needs, or active hostilities.
Data is collected at the country level and may therefore not show disparities between sub-regions.
Since 22 June, 60,000 new IDPs from Kasai region are in need of protection, health and food.
Since late June, an estimated 80,000 people have fled from Fizi territory due to violence between Mayi-Mayi armed groups and the FARDC. High needs of shelter, WASH, health and protection have been reported.
On 11 July, a cholera outbreak due to unsafe water usage was declared in Goma, Nord-Kivu, with 450-580 suspected cases and four deaths recorded from 26 June-11 July.
Half of Raqqa’s population is estimated to have fled the city in the past two weeks. WASH conditions are particularly worrying as the supply network is not functioning and sewage systems have been destroyed. Waterborne diseases are on the rise, and a polio outbreak is ongoing. Healthcare services are very limited, in part due to insufficient fuel and electricity. Fleeing the city is becoming more challenging as smuggling fees are increasing.
In the former Kasai region, 55,000 new IDPs who have fled violence were recorded in Tshikapa, Kasai province so far in June. Ethnic violence has been reported, with concerns about Bana Mura, a militia backed by the government, targeting Luba and Lulua. For those that fled violence between Batwa and Luba in Haut-Katanga, the humanitarian situation is dire: extremely high WASH, food, shelter, and education needs are reported in Kalemie, Tanganyika. In Nord-Kivu, tensions are increasing. A new coalition of armed groups attacked Beni on 22 June.
23 people were killed in attacks by Batwa fighters in Tanganyika from 25-30 May, resulting in communities from more than five villages fleeing. Provincial authorities have forcibly returned IDPs in Kalemie to their villages of origin in Tanganyika despite widespread insecurity.
In Nord-Kivu, humanitarian access is deteriorating as intercommunal violence has increased over the last six months. ICRC has suspended their operations providing assistance to 25,000 people in Lubero territory after the abduction of two humanitarian staff.
Des déplacements de populations fondés sur l’appartenance ethnique se produiront. En avril, des -personnes appartenant à l'ethnie Luba ont été déplacées dans les territoires de Luilu et de Kamiji, dans la province du Haut-Lomami.
Des mouvements de populations transfrontaliers vers l’Angola sont à prévoir comme le confirment les récentes arrivées et la localisation des violences ethniques dans le sud du Kasaï : sur les 33 400 réfugiés de la RDC recensés en Angola, 20 000 sont arrivés depuis avril 2017.
Current no. affected: 2.4 million
Expected no. affected: At least 300,000 newly affected people
Attacks by the Kamuina Nsapu militia on state institutions began in Kasai-Central, but spread to Kasai, Kasai-Oriental, and some areas of Lomami and Sankuru, resulting in at least 400 deaths, including many civilians; over 2.4 million affected; and 1.3 million internally displaced as of 12 May 2017. The conflict has evolved and is at risk of both spreading as well as shifting into more inter-ethnic fighting.