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22 Mar 2013 description

Often referred to as one of the deadliest and most forgotten wars, the Democratic Republic of the Congo has yet to see a lasting peace in over a decade. Mvemba Dizolele, Tony Gambino, and Ben Rawlence discuss the long history of the Congo, the roadblocks to a sustainable framework agreement, and recommendations for the United States and regional players moving forward.

Listen the to full discussion

15 Feb 2013 description

Scope of the Challenge

06 Dec 2012 description

The M23 Congolese rebel group (Guardian), widely thought to be backed by the Rwandan government, has been making significant gains in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo in recent weeks. The rebels occupied the vital city of Goma for ten days in late November, but withdrew this past weekend amid mounting international pressure. The rebels were largely disenfranchised by the internationally mediated peace process following Congo's 1996 – 2003 war, and their interests in eastern Congo relate both to economics and security, explains Jason Stearns of the Rift Valley Institute.

14 Dec 2011 description

Speaker: John Campbell, Ralph Bunche Senior Fellow for Africa Policy Studies, Council on Foreign Relations

December 14, 2011

A solution to Congo's election dispute "is likely to come from African regional organizations," says CFR's Africa expert John Campbell. Campbell emphasizes that the standoff is "a major political problem in which the United States and other friends of Congo have remarkably little leverage," and recommends withholding support for President Joseph Kabila's government until the situation clarifies.

18 Oct 2010 description

Speakers: Anthony W. Gambino, Former Mission Director for the Democratic Republic of the Congo, United States Agency for International Development; Author, Council Special Report, Congo: Securing Peace, Sustaining Progress

Roger A.

10 Nov 2008 description

Author: Stephanie Hanson

Six months ago, the Democratic Republic of Congo signed a $9 billion agreement with China to provide Beijing with copper and cobalt in exchange for thousands of miles of roads and railways (BBC). Optimists saw the deal as a sign that the Congolese government--voted to power in a historic 2006 election--was trying to turn its mineral wealth into an engine of economic development.

16 Feb 2007 description

Author: Stephanie Hanson, Copy Editor

Introduction

The proliferation of UN peacekeeping operations coincides with an increase in UN-led programs to disarm and disband warring parties, as well as reintegrate ex-combatants into civilian life. "Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration," or DDR programs as they are known to practitioners, have featured in post-conflict reconstruction from Afghanistan to Haiti. But the bulk of DDR interventions-twenty-four since 1992-have occurred in Africa.

16 Feb 2007 description

Author: Stephanie Hanson

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) successfully held elections in 2006 , but government institutions remain weak, and outbreaks of violence continue in the country's eastern provinces. Ambassador William Swing, UN envoy in the DRC, told a recent Brookings Institution meeting: "The challenges ahead therefore may be greater than those of the just completed transition." Experts have urged the continued presence of roughly seventeen thousand UN peacekeepers.

17 Nov 2006 description

Author: Stephanie Hanson, Copy Editor

Introduction

The four-year-old International Criminal Court (ICC) recently began its first case, a hearing to determine whether there is enough evidence to bring to trial a Congolese citizen accused of conscripting child soldiers to fight in the country's civil war. The world's first permanent court dealing with grave crimes has focused its initial efforts on Africa and already is creating a stir related to two of Africa's most serious problems-the crisis in Darfur and the conflict in northern Uganda.

27 Jul 2006 description

Author: Stephanie Hanson, Copy Editor

Introduction

On July 30, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, formerly Zaire, will hold its first multiparty presidential and parliamentary elections since winning its independence from Belgium in 1960. The Congo has been ravaged by decades of conflict, from the corrupt U.S.- and French-backed regime of army general Mobutu Sese Seko to the spillover of Rwanda's genocide in the late 1990s, which precipitated a regional war costing some 4 million lives.

27 Sep 2004 description

Peacekeeping Forces Urgently Needed to Protect Refugee Camps

September 27, 2004 - Ten years after the Rwandan genocide, the tragically slow global response to Darfur shows that the international community still lacks the capacity to deal effectively with humanitarian crises, says a new Council Special Report on Darfur.

31 Mar 1997 description


Summary of discussion: This summary was prepared by Barnett R. Rubin, Director of the Center for Preventive Action, Council on Foreign Relations, with the assistance and the comments of Hassan Ba, Synergies Africa; Fabienne Hara, Center for Preventive Action; and Ozong Agborsangaya, the Carter Center. It does not represent the views of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Carter Center, Synergies Africa, the United Nations, the Organization of African Unity, or Ambassador Sahnoun.