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15 Dec 1999 description


INTRODUCTION
This is the last of three annual issues of this report prepared by the FAO Global Information and Early Warning System (GIEWS) on the food supply situation and cereal import and food aid requirements for all countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The report is designed to provide the latest analysis and information on the food situation in these countries to governments, international organizations and other institutions engaged in relief operations.

15 Nov 1999 description

Press Release 99/70 C/5
Rome, November 15, 1999 -- While increasing numbers of people face food emergencies, the causes are changing, suggest two UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) reports released today. "For the first time, human induced disasters such as civil strife and economic crises have more effect on food shortages than nature-induced crises," said Dr. Hartwig de Haen, Assistant Director General of FAO.

10 Nov 1999 description

Abundant and regular rains covered the entire country in September and October except in the south-east and the extreme west. The food supply situation is very tight in most parts of the country. Recent FAO estimates indicate that over 10 million people are living in conditions of food insecurity, including some two million seriously-affected people. In addition, 150 000 people have taken refuge in neighbouring countries. The most affected groups according to the report include 831 000 displaced persons, 844 000 vulnerable urban residents and some 300 000 refugees currently in the DRC.

17 Sep 1999 description


HIGHLIGHTS
The outlook for 1999 cereal production has improved slightly since June, due mainly to better crop prospects in Asia and North America. World production, however, will not be sufficient to meet anticipated consumption requirements and global stocks will need to be drawn down.

16 Sep 1999 description

Harvesting of the 1999 main season cereal crops is complete. Preliminary estimates put total cereal production (maize, rice, wheat, sorghum and millet) at about 3.76 million tonnes, about 9 percent below last year. The decline is attributed to erratic rains, reduced use of inputs and an outbreak of armyworms. In contrast, prospects for non-cereal foodcrops (pulses, potatoes, cassava and plantains) are reported to be good.

09 Sep 1999 description

Seasonably dry conditions prevail in the south. In the centre and the north, rains were generally above average in July and August. Following a cease-fire by rebel groups on 31 August, the security situation should improve in the east. However, violations of the cease-fire are reported. Rwandan and Ugandan soldiers have started to withdraw from the rebel-held town of Kisangani in Orientale Province, where heavy fighting between Ugandan and Rwandan forces caused high civilian casualties in August.

23 Jun 1999 description

The security situation remains tense in North and South Kivu provinces following bombing of Goma and Uvira on 11 May. People in Uvira region have been living in fear following devastation of entire villages. Despite peace negotiations, violence and attacks on villages have resulted in a dramatic increase in the number of refugees to Tanzania. Reports indicate that that some 240 000 families (1.2 million persons) have been affected by recent civil strife in North and South Kivu.