Democratic Republic of the CongoOngoing
Appeals & Response Plans
- DR Congo: Polio Outbreak - Feb 2018
- DR Congo: Floods - Jan 2018
- DR Congo: Landslide - Aug 2017
- DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - May 2017
- West Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- DR Congo: Floods - Nov 2016
- Angola/DR Congo: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Jan 2016
- DR Congo: Floods - Nov 2015
- DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - Aug 2014
- DR Congo: Cholera and Measles Outbreaks - Jan 2013
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Multilateral peace operations are increasingly confronting a set of interrelated and mutually reinforcing security challenges that are relatively new to them, that do not respect borders, and that have causes and effects which cut right across the international security, peacebuilding and development agendas. Organized crime provides one of the most prominent examples of these ‘non-traditional’ security challenges.
Mineral resources have played a crucial role in fuelling protracted armed conflict in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). This Policy Paper examines the the prospects for and interactions between various trade- and security-related initiatives that are aimed at demilitarizing the supply chains of key minerals. It also describes the changing context in which such initiatives operate.
SIPRI Background Paper
Mark Bromley and Paul Holtom
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been subject to a United Nations arms embargo since 2003. In 2008 the UN Security Council lifted the last remaining restrictions on arms acquisitions by the Congolese Government, but maintained a requirement that states supplying arms notify the Sanctions Committee on the DRC prior to delivery.
Ruben de Koning
On 11 September, during a tour of Nord-Kivu province, Congolese President Joseph Kabila announced that all artisanal mineral exploitation in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) was suspended. According to Kabila, the ban is intended to stem the recent upsurge of violence in the area. Kabila is right that the violence is due, among other things, to competition over control of the mining areas and access to the associated revenues.
- More than 219 000 personnel were deployed to multilateral peace operations in 2009.
- Over 89 per cent of all personnel deployed were troops or military observers.
- The number of civilian personnel deployed rose for the sixth year in a row, to reach 23 073.
- In 2009, 48 per cent of all personnel were deployed to operations conducted by the UN and 44 per cent to
- operations conducted by NATO.
- Africa and Asia were the only two regions where the number of deployed personnel increased.
- Over 85 500 personnel were deployed to 16 operations in Africa in 2009.
- Almost one-third of all operations worldwide and two-fifths of all personnel were located in Africa in 2009.
- Over 90 per cent of peacekeepers in Africa were deployed to 9 UN operations.
- Nearly three-quarters of all UN peacekeepers were deployed in Africa.
- For the first time since 2003, Africa was not the region to which most peace operation personnel were deployed.
- Personnel deployments in Africa were about 15 800 short of the authorized levels in 2009.
- Six of the 10 …
Ruben de Koning
Air transportation has played a key role in the transfer of weapons, narcotics and precious minerals, fuelling the war economies that have devastated much of Africa in recent decades.
For immediate release (Stockholm) Concerns about brewing 'arms races' in a number of regions of tension around the world are reflected in new data on international arms transfers published today by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).
Ruben de Koning
SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security no. 2010/1
The illegal economic exploitation of artisanal mining areas by military forces is a persistent problem in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), even in areas such as northern Katanga Province that are in transition to peace. Many former rebels and militia have not demobilized or been properly integrated into new army structures, and the benefits they derive from mining serve as a disincentive to do so. The government seems to tacitly condone the practice.
For at least two decades mineral resources have been a curse rather than a blessing for the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Although the civil war formally ended in 2003, armed con?icts continue in the east of the country while the country as a while remains highly militarized. This has severe repercussions for mineral resource governance.
The ability of armed groups to access resource revenues slows down and jeopardizes peacebuilding efforts.
SIPRI Fact Sheet July 2009
- Close to 79 000 personnel were deployed in 19 operations in Africa in 2008.
- Personnel numbers in Africa in 2008 had increased by 14 % over the 2007 level and 400 % over the 1999 level.
- Almost a third of all operations worldwide and 42 % of all personnel were located in Africa in 2008.
- Operations were active in 13 African countries in 2008.
- The UN sent 70% of all peace operation personnel it deployed worldwide in 2008 to Africa.
- Personnel deployments in Africa were 21 % short of the authorized levels in 2008.
- Five …
SIPRI Fact Sheet July 2009
-- Personnel deployments to multilateral peace operations reached a record high of 187 586 in 2008.
- Around 88 % of all personnel deployed were troops or military observers.
- Civilian personnel numbers doubled between 2003 and 2008 to reach their highest recorded level of c.
THE SIPRI YEARBOOK
The SIPRI Yearbook was first published in 1969 and is now in its 40th edition. SIPRI Yearbook 2009 presents a combination of original data in areas such as world military expenditure, international arms transfers, arms production, nuclear forces, major armed conflicts and multilateral peace operations with state-of-the-art analysis of important aspects of arms control, peace and international security. The Yearbook is written by both SIPRI researchers and invited outside experts.
SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security no. 2009/1
The 1998 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) promised to prosecute those most responsible for the 'unimaginable atrocities that deeply shock the conscience of humanity'. The promise includes the unprecedented explicit criminalization of rape and other forms of sexual violence in international humanitarian law.
Highlights from the SIPRI YEARBOOK 2002
Security and conflicts
The 15 most deadly conflicts in 2001-those that killed over 100 people-were all intra-state conflicts, but all of them were directly affected by external actors and 11 of them spilled over international borders. 11 of the conflicts have lasted for eight or more years.
51 multilateral peace operations were operational during 2001.
There were no new UN peace missions in 2001 for the first time since 1996.
REMINDER: A press conference will be held at Hotel Eggers, Drottningtorget, in Gothenburg on Wednesday, 13 June 2001, at 15:00.
EMBARGO: Not for release until 13 June 2001, 1500 CET