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31 Dec 2010 description
report IRIN

JOHANNESBURG, 31 December 2010 (IRIN) - The crises in Zimbabwe and Madagascar were a major focus of IRIN's Southern Africa coverage, though riots over food and fuel prices in early September 2010 in Mozambique managed to grab the headlines for a while. [ http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportID=90618 ]

Civil rights activists warned of a possible surge of violence if elections - hinted at by President Robert Mugabe - go ahead in 2011.

30 Dec 2010 description
report IRIN

HARARE/JOHANNESBURG, 30 December 2010 (IRIN) - The Zambezi River Authority (ZRA) staffed jointly by officials from Zambia and Zimbabwe, says one of the two major dams on the river between the two countries will open its flood gates in early 2011, meaning that communities may have to be relocated.

"ZRA has issued the alert, but they have not yet informed us of the dates on when they will open the gates," said Patrick Kangwa, head of operations at Zambia's Disaster Management and Mitigation Unit.

The ZRA manages Kariba Dam situated between northwestern Zimbabwe and …

28 Dec 2010 description

Normal to above-normal rainfall as planting commences and lean season progresses

Key Messages

- The 2010/11 rainfall season has commenced in most parts of the region with significant rains having been received in most areas where normal onset falls between September and November. Farmers across the region are taking advantage of the November rains to prepare their fields and in areas where an effective start has established, farmers have begun planting.

20 Dec 2010 description

REGIONAL SUMMARY

- Satellite imagery indicate timely onset of seasonal rains in most parts of the SADC Region....Current reports indicate that seasonal rains had started on time in most parts of the Region. However, nearly a month delay was observed in parts of eastern Zambia, eastern South Africa and the Democratic Republic of Congo, while main rains are yet to start in northern Mozambique and parts of southern Tanzania.

- Generally normal rains received by the end of November 2010 and also expected during December - February 2011 period....

22 Nov 2010 description

Abstract

Climate change represents the medium and long-term changes in average weather patterns. It is the result of both external forces and human activity. The major external forces that influence climate change include such processes as variations in solar radiation, deviations in the earth's orbit, and variations in the level of Green House Gas (GHG) concentrations, which lead to changes in the global mean temperature and the amount of precipitation.

13 Oct 2010 description

Authors: Steve Wiggins, Julia Compton and Sharada Keats

The issue of rising food prices came to international attention in early 2008. This document answers the following questions about the crisis and responses to it:

  • What has happened to food prices and why?
  • Why are food prices important & where can we find them?
  • How have countries and the international community responded?
  • The future

06 Oct 2010 description

Acute crises

General Background

The polio outbreak threatens the efforts to eradicate the disease in Africa. Only three African countries have recorded cases of the disease in the last four months - Nigeria, Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). However, Angola is the biggest threat against eradication efforts at the continental level.

06 Oct 2010 description

Contexte général

La flambée de poliomyélite menace les efforts d'éradication de la maladie en Afrique. Seuls trois pays africains ont enregistré des cas de cette maladie dans les quatre derniers mois - le Nigeria, l'Angola et la République démocratique du Congo (RDC). La menace de la poliomyélite en Angola est très préoccupante et pourrait retarder les efforts d'éradication au niveau continentale. =C0 cet effet, le pays a lancé une campagne d'immunisation ciblant quelque 5,6 millions d'enfants.

15 Sep 2010 description

As lean season approaches, good regional harvests make for favorable food security conditions

Key Messages

- Food security conditions remain generally favorable across the region and are expected to remain so through the outlook period, particularly in those areas that experienced good harvests.

10 Aug 2010 description
report IRIN

JOHANNESBOURG, 10 août 2010 (IRIN) - Les cultures à croissance rapide, et plus résistantes face à des sécheresses de plus en plus fréquentes et intenses, arrivent en tête de la liste des stratégies adoptées par la plupart des pays pour adapter leur production alimentaire au changement climatique, selon un nouveau document.

Ce document de discussion, dirigé par Jonathan Makau Nzuma de l'université de Nairobi, au Kenya, et produit par l'Institut international de recherche sur les politiques alimentaires (IFPRI), s'est intéressé à l'adaptation dans le secteur agricole dans …

09 Aug 2010 description
report IRIN

JOHANNESBURG, 9 August 2010 (IRIN) - Crops that mature faster and are tolerant of more frequent and intense droughts top the list of how most countries adapt their food production to climate change, says a new paper.

The discussion paper (http://www.ifpri.org/publication/strategies-adapting-climate-change-rural-sub-saharan-africa) led by Jonathan Makau Nzuma from the …

31 Jul 2010 description

ABSTRACT

The ten ASARECA member countries (Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda) have adopted, or are planning to adopt, a range of climate change adaptation strategies in agriculture.

Of the 26 strategies mentioned, only two are common to all 10 countries, while five more are common to five or more. The strategies common to all member countries include the development and promotion of drought-tolerant and early-maturing crop species and exploitation of new and renewable energy sources.

08 Jul 2010 description
report IRIN

JOHANNESBURG, 8 July 2010 (IRIN) - The La Niña phenomenon has officially arrived and disaster response teams around the world might need to brace themselves for heavier monsoons, bigger and more frequent hurricanes, and angrier cyclones.

"There is global consensus that we are at the beginning of a La Niña, but we cannot pronounce the intensity of the event yet - we have to wait for it to evolve," said Rupa Kumar Kolli, Chief of the World Climate Applications and Services Division at the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

La Niña is characterised by unusually cold …

22 Jun 2010 description
report World Bank

I. General

1. COMESA's strategic agricultural goal is to achieve improved regional food security in the COMESA region with Member States recognizing that attaining food security is not possible without achieving agriculture sector competitiveness. The specific project development objective of the proposed CAADP - Child Trust Fund (CTF) is improved strategic planning and implementation of agricultural investments at the national and regional levels.

10 Jun 2010 description

La Fédération Africaine des Journalistes (FAJ) a appelé devant le Conseil des Nations Unies pour les Droits de l'Homme des Nations Unies (UN HRC) à une action internationale urgente, pratique et pragmatique pour la protection des journalistes dans les zones ou sévit des conflits armés.

Lors d'une séance sur la protection des journalistes lors des conflits armés, organisée lors de la 14e session du Conseil des Nations Unies pour les Droits de l'homme à Genève le 4 juin, le Président de la Fédération Africaine des journalistes (FAJ), l'organisation régionale africaine de …

10 Jun 2010 description

The Federation of African Journalists (FAJ) called on the United Nations Human Rights Council (UN HRC) to take practical, pragmatic and international urgent action to protect journalists armed conflict areas.

In a panel on protection of journalists in armed that was held during the 14th session of the council in Geneva on June 4th, the President of the Federation of African Journalists (FAJ) the African regional organization of the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) spoke to the UN member states on protection of journalists and pressed the urgency to more safety for …

31 May 2010 description

Three locust species, the red locust, the Madagascar migratory locust and the Moroccan locust have begun developing rapidly in three separate regions, namely Eastern Africa (Tanzania), the Caucuses (Georgia) and southern Africa (Madagascar), respectively.

27 May 2010 description

(London) A global justice gap is being made worse by power politics despite a landmark year for international justice, said Amnesty International today in its annual assessment of human rights worldwide.

Launching Amnesty International Report 2010: State of the World's Human Rights, which documents abuses in 159 countries, the organization said that powerful governments are blocking advances in international justice by standing above the law on human rights, shielding allies from criticism and acting only when politically convenient.

"Repression and injustice are …