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FEWER - Africa and AIP would like to stress that this report is based on the situation observed and information collected between January and April 2006, mainly in Ituri and Kinshasa. The 'current' situation therefore refers to the circumstances that prevailed during this period. The regular production of early warning reports on the Great Lakes during 2005 was made possible thanks to the generous support of external partners.
Ce rapport est fondé sur des interviews de terrain des acteurs-clefs aussi bien locaux que régionaux, en combinaison avec des informations collectées durant la période allant du 1 au 20 juillet 2005. Il est axé essentiellement sur la préparation des élections à Kinshasa et sur les récentes attaques menées par les FDLR au Sud Kivu. (Le document original en anglais fait foi)
Le 30 juin et la "fin présumée de la transition" se sont déroulés sans conflit majeur, comme certains l'avaient prédit.
Period covered: 1 - 28 Feb 2005
Africa Initiative Program: Insecurity Persists in Ituri end 2004
The current fighting in North Kivu is a stark reminder that the setting up of the Transitional National Government (TNG) in the capital of Kinshasa in June 2003 has still done little to end the conflict in the Eastern part of DRC. Politicians in Kinshasa have pledged their support to political process while continuing to support military solutions to the unresolved problems in both the Kivus and Ituri. It is unlikely that the planned national elections will resolve this crisis.
The fall of Bukavu, the Democratic Republic of Congo's fourth city, on June 2 has highlighted the underlying problems of the local and national peace process. Tensions have been mounting in the region since October 2003.
At its inception in April 2003, the Ituri Interim Administration (IIA) was assigned two specific missions that constitute its mandate: reconciling communities (pacification) and effectively manage public services in Ituri (administration). Despite these assigned tasks, the IIA continues to have limited resources, and its capacity to carry out its objectives has been called into question.
The deployment of a multinational peace-keeping force for Ituri, a region in north-eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, signals a key turning point in the DRC peace process. The interim administration of Ituri, created after the conclusion of the Ituri Pacification Commission, is the only ethnically balanced and broadly supported institution capable of acting as a catalyst for reconciliation.
AFRICA PEACE FORUM
(APFO) forum on early warning
P.O. Box 76621, Nairobi
Tel: 254- 2 574092/6
Based on Early Warning reporting by the FEWER lead agency in the Great Lakes, the Africa Peace Forum (APFO - Kenya), and the APFO Great Lakes Early Warning Network (GLEWN) member organisations:
Researched and compiled by Matenia P. Sirseloudi (Research Associate, FEWER Secretariat)
Table of Contents
GREAT LAKES EARLY WARNING NETWORK
SUBJECT: AFTER LUSAKA: CIVIL SOCIETY PERSPECTIVES ON CONSOLIDATING PEACE
REGION: DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
PERIOD: SEPTEMBER 1999
AUTHOR: THE AFRICA PEACE FORUM