21 entries found
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27 Jul 2015 description

DRC President’s Aide Aims to End Sexual Violence, Child Recruitment

By: Kathleen Kuehnast

26 Jul 2013 description

USIP, Partners Release Report on Realizing ‘Responsibility to Protect’

By: Thomas Omestad

19 Mar 2013 description

In 2011 and 2012, USIP held a Priority Grant Competition entitled “Communication for Peacebuilding” to support research and practitioner projects on the ways that communication flows and communication technologies can contribute to the prevention and resolution of conflict. Internews, a nonprofit organization dedicated to strengthening independent media worldwide, received funding in 2011 for a grant project in the Central African Republic and also agreed to serve as the lead ‘learning organization’ for the group of three 2011 grantees.

08 Aug 2012 description

A little more than two years since President Obama signed the Dodd-Frank Act into law, the northeastern provinces in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are once again embroiled in violent conflict. Section 1502 of the Act aims to break the link between the region’s mining industry and violent factions by requiring all U.S.-registered companies to certify that their entire supply chains are conflict-free. The law is based on the presumption that the violence in northeastern DRC is primarily fuelled by violent competition for control of the region’s lucrative gold and tin ore mines.

21 Feb 2012 description

Practitioner Tool by Kelvin Ong

Failure by mediators to fully assess the interests and positions of negotiating parties and accurately identify the strategies and tactics conflict parties employ to avoid disarming and demobilizing their fighting forces can greatly compromise the viability of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) programs. Providing guidance on the mediation and negotiation aspects of DDR, this toolkit lays out eight detailed steps that mediators can take to establish appropriate linkages between DDR and other aspects of a peace process.

12 Dec 2011 description

The deployment of about 100 American military personnel to combat the enduring brutality of the Lord’s Resistance Army and its charismatic leader, Joseph Kony, is to play a “supportive role” with the Ugandan army, said Ambassador Johnnie Carson at USIP Dec. 7.

08 Dec 2011 description

On the Issues by Raymond Gilpin

December 7, 2011

Congolese went to the polls on Nov. 28 to elect a president and 500 members of parliament in an atmosphere of uncertainty, mistrust and violent unrest. Opposition candidates accused incumbent President Joseph Kabila of rigging the electoral process and using the security forces to intimidate and brutally suppress dissent. In a country almost the size of Western Europe where infrastructure is woefully deficient, corruption is endemic and insecurity is rife, voting and vote counting have been beset by many problems.

04 Oct 2011 description

Toward Developing Common Principles and a Community of Practice

Peaceworks by Amelia Arsenault, Sheldon Himelfarb, and Susan Abbott Summary

Recognizing media’s heightened importance in peacebuilding, governmental and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), multilateral organizations, broadcasters, and community activists have expanded their efforts in using the media to prevent, manage, and reconcile conflicts.

Poorly designed media interventions, no matter how well intentioned, may exacerbate tensions and undermine peacebuilding efforts.

29 Sep 2011 description

September 2011 | Special Report by Kitenge N’Gambwa

Summary

Since the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) gained its independence in 1960, the country ’s leadership has been lacking three attributes of the utmost importance to the country’s welfare: a real vision for the DRC’s future, the competence and ability to execute the vision, and the character needed to ensure the realization of the vision with sound judgment, integrity, and equity.

25 Sep 2011 description

State of the Field and Lessons Learned from USIP Grantmaking

Peaceworks by Kimberly Theidon and Kelly Phenicie with Elizabeth Murray

Summary

The field of gender, conflict, and peacebuilding has emerged over recent decades; become institutionalized through policymaking, legal practice, and the development of practitioner models; and been enhanced through academic research.

Significant gaps remain in the understanding and awareness of the gendered dimensions of conflict and its legacies.

14 Jan 2011 description

Peace Brief by Kathleen Kuehnast and Nina Sudhakar

Summary

Gender is often used synonymously with the study of women.

28 Dec 2010 description

Special Report by Valerie Norville

Summary

Building lasting peace and security requires women's participation.

03 Nov 2010 description

Peace Brief by Leonard S. Rubenstein

Summary

Defying expectations, successful polio vaccination campaigns have taken place in well over two dozen armed conflicts, and continue today. Polio vaccination campaigns amid war have often succeeded in gaining the cooperation of anti-government forces such as Sendero Luminoso in Peru, multiple rebel groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the Taliban in Afghanistan.

28 May 2010 description

Special Report by Jocelyn Kelly

Summary

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1820 signals a new movement in the international community to recognize widespread sexual violence against women in conflict as a threat to international peace and security.

Research on sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) has predominantly focused on victims and survivors of rape.

29 Apr 2010 description

Special Report by Sean McFate

Summary

Disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) and security sector reform (SSR) processes should be interrelated and mutually reinforcing. As DDR and SSR share the same objective--consolidation of the state's monopoly of force to uphold the rule of law--they succeed or fail together and should be planned, resourced, implemented, and evaluated in a coordinated manner.

09 Dec 2009 description

Recommendations from a Trans-Atlantic Diaspora Dialogue

Peace Briefing by Dorina Bekoe and Michelle Swearingen

Overview

In a new report, USIP summarizes a recent trans-Atlantic discussion with Congolese diaspora at the U.S. Institute of Peace. Authors Dorina Bekoe and Michelle Swearingen provide background of the phases of Congolese emigration, and how this and other groups have influenced events in their home countries.

07 Oct 2009 description

Section 1 Introduction

1.0 Context

Terrorists, transnational organized crime syndicates, local warring factions, warlords, and petty thieves have all found common cause in states and regions in conflict. This nexus of interests has grown in sophistication over the past decade, aided by money and technology and fueled by greed and fanaticism. Civilians have increasingly become the victims of violence fostered by this nexus.

04 Mar 2005 description

WASHINGTON - The humanitarian situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo (the Congo) remains among the most catastrophic in the world. The International Rescue Committee estimates that 3.8 million people have died there since the start of the war in August 1998, and that over 1,000 people continue to perish every day. Most of the victims are children under the age of five, and the vast majority of them die from diseases and malnutrition brought on by the disruptions of the war.

15 Sep 1999 description


Africa: In-Depth SPECIAL REPORT
John Prendergast and David Smock

Rwanda and Burundi

Briefly

Future security in both Rwanda and Burundi is closely linked to how successfully the Lusaka cease-fire agreement lays a foundation for peace in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

31 Aug 1999 description


John Prendergast and David Smock

Briefly

Standing today at a crossroads between war and peace, the Congo threatens either to drag the entire Central African region into a quagmire of conflict or to provide the engine of economic reconstruction necessary for stability and democratization.