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01 May 2015 description

Over the past decades, the Great Lakes region in Africa, consisting of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Rwanda and Burundi, has been experiencing recurring violent conflicts. Despite the many peace agreements that have been signed, humanitarian aid and political support from the international community, the violence erupts on a regular basis and the region struggles to remain stable. Which problems are at the root of the recurring violence? Which projects are currently being led by KOFF member organisations and Swiss authorities to attempt to bring an end to the violence?

02 Feb 2015 description

Editorial

All over the world, human rights defenders (HRDs) are willing to put up with the considerable risks that come with promoting and protecting civil and political rights. Intimidation, blacklisting, imprisonment and even the criminalisation of their actions are merely a few examples of the dangers they are faced with on a daily basis. How can we best ensure their protection? What is the role of Swiss governmental and non-governmental actors? And which protective mechanisms are being taken at the level of international policy?

03 Apr 2014 description

This working paper assesses the interaction between local and international peacebuilding actors. Previous research has usually either focused on the international or local side of this interaction. The authors who focus on the international side often inherently define peacebuilding as being conducted by international actors. Thereby, they do not consider local peacebuilding actors as distinct units of analysis.

02 Dec 2013 description

KOFF – swisspeace

-ƒƒ Applying Conflict-Sensitive Business Practices to the Agribusiness Sector
ƒƒ- Conflict Sensitivity Assessment in the Congo Basin for Wood

Processing Company

-ƒƒ KOFF Training on Natural Resources: What Causes Conflicts and

How to Resolve Them

-ƒƒ Integrating Gender into the New Deal ƒƒ- KOFF Roundtable Discussion on the Current Political Situation in Egypt

Focus

-ƒƒ Natural Resource Governance for Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding

01 Jul 2013 description

1 July 2013

KOFF – swisspeace

ƒƒ KOFF Roundtable Discussions on the New Deal and the Role of Civil Society
ƒƒ KOFF Study on Conflict Dimensions of International Assistance to Refugees from Syria in Lebanon
ƒSupporting Peace Processes in Southeast Asia
swisspeace Annual Report 2012

Focus

ƒƒ The New Deal and the Role of Civil Society

News from Swiss NGOs

02 Apr 2013 description

KOFF – swisspeace

Critical Reflection on Large-Scale Land Investments Lessons from the 57th Session of the Commission on the Status of Women ƒ Postgraduate Course (CAS) in Civilian Peacebuilding KOFF Training Course on Managing Programmes in Fragile Contexts

Focus

Peacebuilding, Business and Human Rights: the Role of Due Diligence

News from Swiss NGOs

01 Mar 2012 description

KOFF – swisspeace

  • Conflict-sensitivity in Fragile and Conflict-affected Situations

  • swisspeace Presents Research Projects at SVPW‘s Annual Congress

  • Regional Workshop on Gender and HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe

Focus

  • Fragile States, Illegitimate States?

News from Swiss NGOs

  • The International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding

  • Geneva Peacebuilding Platform: Discussions on Conflict and Fragility after Busan

01 Feb 2012 description

KOFF – swisspeace

  • CSPM Training in Colombia
  • UNDP Mandate on Conflict Prevention
  • NCCR Workshop in Ethiopia
  • Women in Peace Negotiations

Focus

  • Difficult Security and Development Environment in Afghanistan

News from Swiss NGOs

  • Peace Watch Switzerland: Observing Stealth Resettlement
  • Society for Threatened Peoples: Chechen Archive Project
  • miva Switzerland: Mobile Judicial Hearings in DR Congo

News from Swiss Government Agencies

01 Dec 2011 description

KOFF – swisspeace

  • OSCE conference on UN Security Council Resolution 1325

  • KOFF Roundtable on Peace and Reconciliation in Rwanda: Contributions of Gacaca

  • Workshop on Swiss Engagement in North Africa

  • Peacebuilding at the Grassroots? Practice and Challenges of Local Democracy in Nepal

  • Afghanistan at the Crossroads: How can Swiss Actors Remain Engaged?

  • Conflict over the Exploitation of Natural Resources in Guatemala

Focus

30 Sep 2007 description

Security

During the reporting period the situation in North Kivu has deteriorated significantly with a tense monthlong stand-off between the Forces armees de la Republique Democratique du Congo (FARDC) and renegade General Laurent Nkunda, which turned into an open conflict in mid-August when Nkunda's forces attacked FARDC positions in Masisi.

Although FARDC receives logistical assistance and support from MONUC and there are regular desertions from Nkunda's 8,000 strong troops, Nkunda has so far been able to hold his ground.

31 Mar 2007 description

Trends in Conflict and Cooperation

Political

Against the background of corruption charges and growing violence, President Joseph Kabila has steadily strengthened his power over the Third Republic. His Alliance pour la Majorité Présidentielle (AMP) took 55 out of 108 Senate seats (19 January) and 10 out of 11 provincial governorships (27 January and, respectively, 10 February in Kasai-Oriental and 15 February in Kasai-Occidental).

31 Dec 2006 description

Risk Assessment:
As the graph indicates, the past six months have been a period of great uncertainty in DRC, as the country went through two rounds of presidential elections. Fortunately, parliamentary and presidential elections took place without being marred by widespread violence, and spoiler elements were largely kept at bay, meaning that the transition to the DRC's first democratically elected government in the past four decades has proceeded rather smoothly.

30 Nov 2006 description

Risk Assessment:
Considering the graphs, Rwanda seems to have been remarkably stable over the last six months, in spite of the rise an fall in Conflictive Events. This should not come as a surprise, but as an indication of a strong government keeping the population under control.

27 Oct 2006 description

Abstract

This Country Risk Profile discusses the main challenges which a newly-elected government in the DRC will face. It also looks at the successes and failures of the transition government, and how its performance will influence the post-transition period in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). This paper argues that the transition government's failure to complete the process of integrating the various rebel factions into one national army has created a dangerous legacy for a new government.

24 Oct 2006 description

ROOT CAUSES

Historical

- Congolese experience of Belgian rule largely as predatory.

- Colonial policy based on indirect rule, a system of "double citizenship"; coexistence of civic (racial) &tribal (ethnic) law as well as the principles of "ethnic citizenship" which hardens ethnic identity.

- Colonial economic demands lead to internal migrations in Congo & influx of Rwandaphones from Belgian colonies of Rwanda & Burundi into Kivus, threatening rights of autochthones.

(pdf* format - 94.6 KB)

31 May 2005 description


Country Stability and Relative Forceful Actions


Average number of reported events per month: 110
Indicator description: see appendix

Risk Assessment: