Democratic Republic of the CongoOngoing
- OCHA: Nord-Kivu : Note d’informations humanitaires du 16 Oct 2017)
- IOM Emergency Operations and Humanitarian Coordination Situation Report, September 2017
- UNICEF Humanitarian Situation Report, July to August 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Appel Éclair: Plan de Réponse D’urgence Avril 2017
- Aperçu des besoins humanitaires 2017
- Plan de Réponse Humanitaire, Janvier 2017 - Décembre 2019
- 2017 South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan Revised (May 2017)
- UNHCR: South Sudan Situation Supplementary Appeal Jan - Dec 2017
- Burundi Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP): Jan–Dec 2017
- Country-based Pooled Fund
- DR Congo: Landslide - Aug 2017
- DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - May 2017
- West Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- DR Congo: Floods - Nov 2016
- Angola/DR Congo: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Jan 2016
- DR Congo: Floods - Nov 2015
- DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - Aug 2014
- DR Congo: Cholera and Measles Outbreaks - Jan 2013
- DR Congo: Floods - Oct 2012
- DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - Aug 2012
In this issue
- Special Focus – UN General Assembly
The Peace and Security Council (PSC) is set to meet on the margins of the upcoming General Assembly in New York to talk about South Sudan.
With full UN support, the African Union’s commitment to curbing arms trafficking can become a sustainable solution.
Heads of state are asked to insist on international solidarity for disasters caused by climate change in Africa during the General Debate at the UN later this month.
- Addis Insight
In August 2017 the Peace and Security Council (PSC) will again focus on addressing the scourge of terrorism in Africa. It will also look into the situations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and South Sudan. This month the PSC is chaired by Rachid Benlounes, Algeria’s ambassador to Ethiopia and its permanent representative to the AU.
Providing support for victims of terrorism
South Africa should take the lead, and this means going beyond just supporting electoral processes.
BY KGALALELO NGANJE
It’s a busy time for elections in Africa, with countries like the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Zimbabwe and Kenya gearing up for the polls. And as elections increasingly become the legitimate way to acquire political power on the continent, winning votes has become a matter of life and death for the political elite in many countries.
Ignoring some countries’ problems will result in humanitarian tragedies that affect entire regions of Africa.
While the situations in South Sudan, Somalia and the Lake Chad Basin dominate the agenda of the African Union (AU), other crises seem to have been forgotten by the AU. In fact, no one seems willing to label them as such.
The African Union and its partners are a vital part in combating the continent’s crises.
Now more than ever, Africa needs the help of the African Union (AU) and its partners in tackling security threats and other ongoing crises – particularly in the Sahel region and the Horn of Africa.
It’s these and other issues that are going to keep Africa’s leaders busy at the 29th AU summit in Addis Ababa from 27 June to 4 July, and more specifically the AU Assembly meeting of heads of state on 3 and 4 July.
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia – In 2013, African Union (AU) leaders committed to a future where the continent is free from the scourge of conflict; pledging to ‘end all wars in Africa by 2020.’
But the high ideals of Vision 2020 – also referred to as ‘Silencing the Guns’ – can only become a reality if pragmatic steps are taken to curb the misuse and uncontrolled spread of arms. One such measure is the enforcement of United Nations (UN)-imposed arms embargoes.
Dans ce numéro
Renewed violence in South Sudan
The major outbreak of violence in the South Sudanese capital of Juba this past week caused hundred of deaths. The violence, which has also displaced 30 000 people, continues despite a joint call by President Salva Kiir and Vice-President Riek Machar to stop the clashes. This raises questions about their control over their respective factions.
In this issue
Special focus: 27th AU Summit, Kigali Women’s rights and the African Union Commission (AUC) elections top the agenda of the AU summit from 10–18 July 2016
Candidates for the position of AUC chairperson are campaigning in the run-up to the elections.
The chairperson of the AUC has over the years taken on more and more responsibility to drive change in Africa.
In the first six months of 2016 the Peace and Security Council (PSC) had a lot on its plate. A brief overview of the crises and PSC decisions in this period reveals the complexity of the council’s work.
For 30 years, Joseph Kony and his Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) have been spreading appalling terror in northern Uganda, eastern Central African Republic (CAR), western South Sudan and the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
By modest estimates, the LRA has killed 100 000 people, displaced about two million, and raped, mutilated or abducted countless others. This includes many children, who have been forced to become soldiers or sex slaves for LRA fighters.
La 10e réunion consultative conjointe annuelle du CPS de l’Union africaine (UA) et du Conseil de sécurité de l’Organisation des Nations Unies (ONU) a été marquée par des tensions concernant l’ordre du jour.
Les questions liées au financement et à la coordination entre l’ONU et l’UA dans la prévention des crises ont dominé le débat ouvert.
Le CPS veut que les pays membres africains du Conseil de sécurité de l’ONU lui fassent rapport sur la façon dont ils collaborent pour défendre ses décisions.
In this issue
■ Special focus: Annual meetings in New York
The 10th Joint Consultative Meetings between the PSC and the United Nations Security Council were marked by tension over the agenda and diverse approaches to decisionmaking.
Funding and joint action to prevent crises dominated the open debate in New York on the roles of the United Nations and the African Union in peacekeeping.
The PSC wants African members of the United Nations Security Council to report to it on how they have worked together to defend PSC decisions.
According to the country’s constitution, President Joseph Kabila of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) should step down when his second and last term expires at the end of 2016. However, a date for the presidential elections, which the constitution says have to be held before the end of 2016, is yet to be set.
In mid January, the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI) of the Democratic Republic of the Congo announced that it would need 18 months to update the voters’ roll. This was followed by an announcement from the minister of interior that a new electoral law, and several others related to the elections, would first have to be tabled during Parliament’s next session, starting in March.
Haile Menkerios, head of the United Nations (UN) office to the African Union (AU), speaks to the PSC Report about the ‘division of labour’ between the UN and the AU when it comes to peacekeeping.
He also addresses the issue of UN funding for AU peacekeeping missions and whether the two institutions see eye to eye on the issues of human rights and robust peace enforcement.
Who is responsible for peace and security and fighting terrorism in Africa, the UN or the AU?
The wives of soldiers of the Forces Armées de la République Démocratique du Congo (FARDC, Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo) may not be very visible, but they are an integral part of the military. They live with soldiers, and often their children, in and around military camps and deployment sites – including in the most insecure zones.
Central Africa Report
In the South Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), being identified as the wife of a rebel or militia member is tantamount to acknowledging that one is an accomplice of an enemy of the state. Yet these presumed ‘wives’ are forced to survive in or on the periphery of the combat zones, concealing their identity while using their affiliation to armed groups as a source of survival.
In this issue
■ Special Focus: African Union Summit
The theme of the next African Union summit, from 30 to 31 January 2016, is ‘Human rights with a focus on the rights of women’. At the 26th AU Summit, elections will be held for the 15 members of the Peace and Security Council.
■ Situation Analysis
In 2016, the PSC will have to take tough decisions to try to resolve existing conflicts and prevent new ones from emerging.