Democratic Republic of the CongoOngoing
Appeals & Response Plans
- DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - May 2018
- DR Congo: Polio Outbreak - Feb 2018
- DR Congo: Floods - Jan 2018
- DR Congo: Landslide - Aug 2017
- DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - May 2017
- West Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- DR Congo: Floods - Nov 2016
- Angola/DR Congo: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Jan 2016
- DR Congo: Floods - Nov 2015
- DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - Aug 2014
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On 8 May, an outbreak of the Ebola virus was declared after two cases were confirmed in Bikoro Health Zone, Equateur province. 39 cases have been reported since early April, including 19 deaths (49% CFR). So far only Equateur province is affected, but there is a risk that the virus will spread elsewhere.
Up to 15,000 people were affected by torrential rains and strong winds that caused flooding and landslides across the country in March.
Around 1,000 people were displaced and 80 casualties were reported, mostly in Cankuzo and Bujumbura Mairie provinces. Extensive shelter and crop damage was reported across the country. The main needs of the newly displaced and affected populations include shelter and NFIs, food, and WASH.
Renewed fighting and strengthened presence of armed groups in eastern prefectures of CAR, particularly in Basse-Kotto and Mbomou, have increased insecurity and limited humanitarian access since early 2018.
Fighting also continues in western CAR: repeated cycles of violence since October 2017 in Gamboula sub-prefecture have displaced some 21,700 people within the sub-prefecture, and affected populations in transhumance areas, including Nassole and Dilapoko.
Geneva, Thursday 15 March 2018
Humanitarian access has deteriorated in seven countries over the past six months, according to the Humanitarian Access Overview report released today by ACAPS.
Out of the 37 countries included in the report, nearly half of them (18) are currently facing high humanitarian access constraints. Moderate humanitarian access constraints are an issue in nine countries and ten present low humanitarian access constraints.
The humanitarian situation for the Rohingya population in Rakhine state remains highly concerning. Civilians face restricted movement and people are regularly denied access to fields, coastal waters, rivers and markets. This leads to food shortages and risk of starvation. Livestock theft is also reported which further aggravates food insecurity.
Intercommunal clashes continue to drive displacement and protection concerns across the country. This week, some 10,000 people were reported displaced in Pweto, Haut-Katanga. At least 2,500 people were displaced in Djugu, Ituri.
Conflict has affected civilians in Mweka, Kasai. In addition, clashes between FARDC and armed groups are also driving humanitarian needs and displacement in Nord- and Sud-Kivu, and to neighbouring countries.
The security and humanitarian situation in Kinshasa province continues to deteriorate. On 21 January anti-Kabila demonstrations in the capital resulted in 6 deaths, 65 injured, and some 250 people were arrested.
Cholera cases continue to rise in the province following heavy rainfall since early January: 346 cases and 11 deaths were reported in the two first weeks of 2018.
655,000 Rohingya arrived from Myanmar into Cox's Bazar in Bangladesh between 25 August and 17 December. The influx has placed immense strain on basic services in the area. The population density is extremely high and there is a lack of adequate WASH facilities. There is therefore a high risk of the quick spread of disease. Over 1,300 suspected cases of diphtheria have been reported between 8 November and 15 December.
The humanitarian situation has been deteriorating rapidly in Sana’a and surrounding governorates following heavy fighting between Houthi and Saleh forces.
At least 125 people have been killed and more than 230 wounded in the last seven days. Civilians are trapped in their homes, unable to move to safer locations. Food, WASH, and health needs have been reported.
The Humanitarian Overview: An analysis of key crises into 2018 focuses primarily on the crises that are expected to deteriorate in the coming year and outlines the likely corresponding humanitarian needs.
Based on our weekly Global Emergency Overview (GEO), we have identified 12 countries that are likely to face deteriorating humanitarian situations in 2018. We include a further six countries where the crises are already severe and likely to continue in a similar trend.
An estimated 136,000 have been displaced in northern Iraq from disputed areas of Ninewa, Kirkuk, Erbil, and Diyala governorates since 16 October. The majority are sheltering in host communities. Displacement was caused by Iraqi forces moving in to retake the area from Kurdish forces who have occupied the territory since 2014, leading to clashes.
Heavy clashes between government forces and the opposition have been ongoing in Idlib and Hama as of 19 September causing increased displacement. Civilians, the majority women and children, are being targeted by airstrikes in Idlib, leading to 30,000 people displaced in a week according to local sources. Damage to residential areas, hospitals, and schools limits access to shelter, education, and health with at least three hospitals out of service.
Between 27 April and 25 September the number of suspected cholera cases has surpassed 738,700 including 2,118 associated deaths. The number of new cases per week at the country level has stabilised since the last week of August, but the waterborne disease continues to infect an estimated 5000 people per day. The five most affected governorates as of mid-September are al Hudaydah, Amanat al Asimah (Sana'a city), Hajjah, Amran, and Dhamar.
Over half a million cholera cases were reported between 27 April and 22 August in Yemen. The total number of cases is likely to exceed the 600,000 prediction by the end of 2017. Food security also continues to deteriorate in previously less affected eastern areas of the country. In Hadramut governorate, the share of the population with poor food consumption increased from 3% in May to 14% in July, and food assistance is limited.
Our methodology uses 9 indicators, grouped under 3 categories:
Access of humanitarian actors to affected population
Access of people in need to humanitarian aid
Security and physical constraints Each category is measured through proxy indicators, such as violence against personnel, denial of needs, or active hostilities.
Data is collected at the country level and may therefore not show disparities between sub-regions.
Since 22 June, 60,000 new IDPs from Kasai region are in need of protection, health and food.
Since late June, an estimated 80,000 people have fled from Fizi territory due to violence between Mayi-Mayi armed groups and the FARDC. High needs of shelter, WASH, health and protection have been reported.
On 11 July, a cholera outbreak due to unsafe water usage was declared in Goma, Nord-Kivu, with 450-580 suspected cases and four deaths recorded from 26 June-11 July.
In the former Kasai region, 55,000 new IDPs who have fled violence were recorded in Tshikapa, Kasai province so far in June. Ethnic violence has been reported, with concerns about Bana Mura, a militia backed by the government, targeting Luba and Lulua. For those that fled violence between Batwa and Luba in Haut-Katanga, the humanitarian situation is dire: extremely high WASH, food, shelter, and education needs are reported in Kalemie, Tanganyika. In Nord-Kivu, tensions are increasing. A new coalition of armed groups attacked Beni on 22 June.
17,000 people have been displaced in Niem, Nana-Mambere since the capture of the city last week by armed group 3R.
Access has deteriorated across the country in recent weeks, especially in Ouham prefecture where four INGOs have withdrawn to Bangui in the past month as a result.