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21 Oct 2019 description

Overview

This Weekly Bulletin focuses on public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 72 events in the region. This week’s main articles cover key new and ongoing events, including:

21 Oct 2019 description

Arrivals

This week, 2,214 people arrived on the Aegean islands, an increase from last week’s 1,649 arrivals and from last year’s 1,191 arrivals during the same period.

The average daily arrivals this week equalled 316, compared to 236 in the previous week.

Population on the Islands

Some 33,700 refugees and migrants reside on the Aegean islands. The majority of the population on the Aegean islands are from Afghanistan (37%), Syria (18%) and the Democratic Republic of Congo (8%).

21 Oct 2019 description
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Full report
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Peace operations by country
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Organizational diagram of the UN-AU partnership

by Daniel Forti and Priyal Singh

The United Nations and the African Union (AU) have worked in tandem since the AU’s establishment in 2002. During this time, their partnership has evolved to focus increasingly on conflict prevention and crisis management, culminating in the 2017 Joint UN-AU Framework for Enhanced Partnership in Peace and Security. But while the organizations’ collaboration on peacekeeping has been extensively studied, other dimensions of the partnership warrant a closer look to understand how to foster political coherence and operational coordination.

21 Oct 2019 description

Jørgen Ruud

After decades of conflict and short-lived peace agreements in the eastern region of Ituri (DR Congo), an innovative stabilisation strategy provides new hope for lasting peace. NORDEM expert, Ingebjørg Finnbakk, plays a key role in its implementation.

21 Oct 2019 description

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations in July 2019. This document covers updates from the regional network of flow monitoring of migrants, as well as the tracking and monitoring of internal displacement in the different countries. It is published on a monthly basis and covers East and Horn of Africa.

21 Oct 2019 description

WEEKLY OVERVIEW

DTM
● DTM continues to operate 24 FMPs at the borders with DRC, Uganda and CAR, of which six run in cooperation with DTM
Uganda on the Ugandan side of the border.

WASH ● Conducted a 2 day EVD Orientation Training for 29 Community Leaders and Key informants from the areas of Attende, Gimunu, Marakonye and Koya in Yei town ● Conducted community engagement meetings among communities in Kerwa, Pure, Khorijho, Kaya and Salia Musala ● Completed Round 3 IPC/WASH Assessment for Kaya PHCC and Kerwa

21 Oct 2019 description

The Scaling Fences: Voices of Irregular African Migrants to Europe report presents the results of an extensive study exploring the perspectives and experiences of 1970 individuals who migrated through irregular routes from Africa to Europe, originating from 39 African countries.

Its aim is to contribute to a better understanding of the relationship between migration and development. The Scaling Fences report is the second major review of contemporary development issues affecting Africa to be published by UNDP’s Regional Bureau for Africa.

Highlights

19 Oct 2019 description

Filippo Grandi commends the African nation for its generosity towards refugees and calls for additional humanitarian and development support during a two-day visit.

By Catherine Wachiaya in Lusaka, Zambia

UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi called for additional humanitarian and development support for Zambia, where he witnessed first hand the country’s progressive policies on refugee integration during a two-day visit.

18 Oct 2019 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Rainy season flooding affects an estimated 365,000 people

  • EVD National Task Force conducts simulation to assess EVD preparedness

  • Food security projected to improve through December, worsen in early 2020

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

18 Oct 2019 description

The meeting of the Emergency Committee convened by the WHO Director-General under the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005) to review the current Ebola virus disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo took place on Friday, 18 October 2019, from 12:00 to 16:00 Geneva time (CEST).

Proceedings of the meeting

18 Oct 2019 description

Ending the tenth Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo means searching, sometimes at extraordinary lengths, for people who possibly may have been infected by someone they know but are afraid to be treated. Some people have taken to hiding in the forests; some keep moving to evade health workers and World Health Organization (WHO) community engagement officers, like Jonathan Katembo above, trained to search for people who came into contact unknowingly with a person infected with the virus.

18 Oct 2019 description

The World Health Organization (WHO) welcomes the European Medicines Agency (EMA) announcement recommending a conditional marketing authorization for the rVSV-ZEBOV-GP vaccine, which has been shown to be effective in protecting people from the Ebola virus.

Today’s announcement by EMA, the European agency responsible for the scientific evaluation of medicines developed by pharmaceutical companies, is a key step before the European Commission decision on licensing. In parallel, WHO will move towards prequalification of the vaccine.

18 Oct 2019 description
  • Preparations for World Polio Day taking place next week on 24 October are in full swing. On that day, the Global Commission for the Certification of Poliomyelitis Eradication (GCC) is expected to declare poliovirus type 3 (WPV3) as globally eradicated. The event will be broadcast on the internet.
18 Oct 2019 description

Reporting Period July 2019

Active Flow Monitoring Networks

Burundi 11 FMPs

Djibouti 7 FMPs

Ethiopia 5 FMPs

Somalia 7 FMPs

South Sudan 34 FMPs

Uganda 21 FMPs

18 Oct 2019 description

UNHCR and partners began to assist the voluntary repatriation of Burundian refugees in September 2017 as a durable solution for those refugees who indicate a desire to return home. The vast majority of returns have been from Tanzania, with smaller numbers assisted to return from Kenya and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Almost all returns from Rwanda and Uganda have so far been self-organized.