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Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 63,142 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 16 August, with 26,350 to Spain, the leading destination this year. This compares with 119,137 arrivals across the region through the same period last year, and 266,423 at this point in 2016.
POPULATION MOBILITY OVERVIEW
Three major mobility patterns shaped West and Central African flows in the last three months. The first is a pattern of forced internal displacement flows, mainly as a result of the Lake Chad Basin Crisis. The Crisis directly affecting nearly 4 million persons with more than 2.27 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) and 1.49 million returns in Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger.
Between 1 January and 31 July 2018, 2,896 unaccompanied and separated children arrived in Italy by sea, representing 16% of all sea arrivals in this period. Consistent with an overall decrease in sea arrivals this year so far, the numbers of UASC reaching Italian shores in the first seven months of 2018 are considerably lower than in the same period last year, when over 12,600 landed in Italy. However, the proportion of UASC among sea arrivals in the January-July 2018 period (16%) is only slightly higher than in January-July 2017 (13%).
Between 1 January and 31 July 2018, 18,510 persons arrived in Italy by sea. This is an 81 per cent decrease compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (95,213). Just over 1,900 persons reached Italian shores in July 2018, a significant reduction compared to arrivals in June (3,136) and May (3,963). The reduction is even more significant when compared to the numbers of refugees and migrants crossing the sea to Italy in June 2017, when 11,461 registered at landing points.
Trends and Key Figures
Libya continues to be the main transit point for departure from North Africa towards Europe. UNHCR's interventions at disembarkation points in Libya focus on the provision of life-saving assistance and protection monitoring, to identify persons in need of international protection, as well as vulnerable individuals, such as unaccompanied and separated children, elderly, medical cases, women at risk or victims of trafficking. UNHCR through its partner International Medical Corps provides medical services and core relief items.
UNHCR assisted with the Voluntary Repatriation of 94 Ivorian from Guinea,
Ghana and Liberia.
The Statelessness Mapping operation pilot phase took place in 10 areas of Abidjan.
A “Come and Tell” visit mission supported by UNHCR took place in Accra and Takoradi, Ghana.
WORKING WITH PARTNERS
Between 1 January and 30 June 2018, 16,566 persons arrived in Italy by sea. This is a 80% decrease compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (83,752). Just over 3,100 refugees and migrants arrived by sea in June 2018, a decrease compared to the 3,900 who reached Italian shores in May and a significant reduction compared to the 23,500 refugees and migrants who crossed the sea, mostly from North Africa, in June 2017.
Overview and developments
Between 1 January and 31 May 2018, 13,430 persons arrived in Italy by sea. This is a 78% decrease compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (60,228). Over 3,900 refugees and migrants reached Italian shores in May, which is an increase compared to numbers registered in February, March and April. However, monthly arrivals are significantly lower than in May 2017, when almost 23,000 were registered at landing points in southern Italy.
IOM works with national and local authorities in order to gain a better understanding of population movements throughout West and Central Africa. Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) allow IOM to quantify and qualify migration flows, trends, and routes, at entry, exit, and transit points (such as border crossing posts, bus stations, rest areas, police checkpoints and reception centres).
Le Réseau de systèmes d’alerte précoce contre la famine (FEWS NET) surveille les tendances des prix des aliments de base dans les pays vulnérables à l'insécurité alimentaire. Pour chaque pays et chaque région couvert par FEWS NET, le Bulletin des prix fournit un ensemble de graphiques indiquant les prix mensuels de l’année commerciale en cours pour certains centres urbains, et permettant à l’utilisateur de comparer les tendances actuelles à la fois aux moyennes.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
Global Overview JULY 2018
L’Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations – OIM travaille avec les autorités nationales et locales ainsi que des partenaires locaux pour identifier et comprendre les mouvements migratoires en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre. Les points de suivi de flux (ou en anglais Flow Monitoring Point – FMP) est une activité qui permet de quantifier et de qualifier les flux, les profils des migrants, les tendances et les routes migratoires sur un point d’entrée, de transit ou de sortie donné.
Au Mali, le nombre d’individus observés aux 10 Points de suivi des flux en juin 2018 était de 7 194 (3 782 entrants et 3 412 sortants). Le nombre moyen d’individu identifiés en juin 2018 était de 240 personnes par jour, représentant une baisse de 16% par rapport au mois précédent. Les ressortissants Maliens, Guinéens, Ivoiriens, Sénégalais et Gambiens représentaient 82% des migrants identifiés. 83% des migrants étaient des hommes et 5% d’entre eux étaient des mineurs. L’Algérie, la Mauritanie, le Niger et le Burkina Faso sont les principaux points de transit après le Mali.