- Tropical Cyclone Franklin - Aug 2017
- Hurricane Matthew - Sep 2016
- Hurricane Earl - Aug 2016
- Belize: Floods - Oct 2015
- Caribbean: Drought - 2015-2017
- Tropical Storm Ernesto - Aug 2012
- Tropical Storm Harvey - Aug 2011
- Hurricane Richard - Oct 2010
- Hurricane Paula - Oct 2010
- Tropical Storm Matthew - Sep 2010
I. THE MIRPS
• Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region experience a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, floods, forest fires, hurricanes, landslides, tsunamis, and volcanoes. El Niño and La Niña phenomena occur periodically, exacerbating the impacts of hydrometeorological events in the LAC region. Unplanned urban expansion, environmental and natural resource degradation, and land-use management challenges also increase populations’ vulnerability and exposure to natural hazards.
• UNICEF is now implementing Care and Support activity for families affected by Congenital ZIKV Syndrome in Dominican Republic, Honduras, Guatemala, Brazil and Belize. To date 556 families across the region have benefited from non-clinical care and support interventions.
164.000 Refugiados y solicitantes de asilo del Triángulo Norte de Centroamérica (TNC) para finales de 2016. Casi diez veces más que en los últimos cinco años
174.000 Personas desplazadas internamente (PDI) en Honduras (esta cifra se base en un ejercicio de identificación de perfiles de 2014, realizado en 21 municipios de un total de 298 municipios en el país).
UNICEF is working with partners to directly provide nonclinical care and support to 68 families with babies affected by Zika Congenital Syndrome in the Dominican Republic, and over 350 in Brazil.
Ministries of Health in the region such as in Honduras and Guatemala are reporting increased numbers of cases of Congenital ZIKV Syndrome. As a result of this UNICEF is working with partners to improve surveillance and detection mechanisms both for ZIKV and its consequences.
Note by the Secretary-General
The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the General Assembly the report of the Director-General of the World Health Organization, submitted in accordance with General Assembly resolution 70/300.
Report of the Director-General of the World Health Organization on consolidating gains and accelerating efforts to control and eliminate malaria in developing countries, particularly in Africa, by 2030
Sequía. Enfermedades. Terremotos. Huracanes. Más de 10,6 millones de personas en América Latina y el Caribe fueron afectadas por estos desastres en 2016.
Cada emergencia presentó sus propios desafíos, se tratara de los medios de vida afectados, la seguridad de las familias forzadas a huir de la violencia, el creciente riesgo de enfermedades transmitidas por vectores o la magnitud de grandes desastres como el terremoto en Ecuador (abril 2016) y el Huracán Matthew en el Caribe (octubre de 2016).
Drought. Disease. Earthquakes. Hurricanes. More than 10.6 million people across Latin America and the Caribbean were affected by these disasters in 2016.
Each emergency presented its own set of challenges, whether it was addressing affected livelihoods, the safety of families forced to flee from violence, the growing risk of vector-borne diseases or the sheer scale of major disasters such as the earthquake in Ecuador (April 2016) and Hurricane Matthew in the Caribbean (October 2016).
Unos 40 funcionarios encargados de la gestión de riesgos en cada país centroamericano, participaron en este encuentro regional que promueve un marco estratégico para los próximos 20 años que permita el abordaje adecuado de la reducción de riesgos de desastres en entornos urbanos.
Description of the disaster
Hurricane Earl made landfall on 4 August 2016, with wind gusts of up to 110 km/h, as estimated by the United States’ National Hurricane Centre.
164,000 Refugees and asylum-seekers from the Northern Triangle of Central America (NTCA) at the end of 2013. Almost a tenfold increase over the last five years.
174,000 Internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Honduras (figure based on a 2014 profiling exercise carreid out in 21 municipalities, out of a total of 298 in the country).
214,000 Deportations of NTCA citizens from the USA and Mexico in 2016. It is estiamated that 450,000 migrants entered Mexico irregularly in 2016.
• UNICEF has worked with government and non-government partners to ensure pregnant women in high-risk areas receive quality information on how to prevent ZIKV, including avoiding sexual transmission. Using mass communication, 166 million people across Latin America and the Caribbean have been reached with key preventive messages.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Refugees and asylum-seekers from the Northern Triangle of Central America (NTCA) until June 30.
IDPs in Honduras (2014 profiling exercise). A similar profiling exercise is taking place in El Salvador to assess the magnitude and patterns of displacement.
Deportations of NTCA citizens from the USA and Mexico in first half of 2016 (Jan-Jun). It is estimated that there are some 400,000 migrants in transit crossing Guatemala into Mexico.
WHO EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF HEALTH EMERGENCIES PROGRAMME
UNICEF response to ZIKV (Zika virus) continues in 32 countries and territories across Latin America and the Caribbean. From working with communities to challenge the low risk perception of ZIKV to supporting the identification of appropriate care and support activities for children with Congenital Zika Syndrome, UNICEF is working with governments and other partners across the region to implement their response strategies.
30 Number of strategic partnerships signed by UNHCR with operational partners in the region in 2016, compared to 13 in 2015.
400 Number of additional lodging capacity in 6 shelters constructed/rehabilitated with UNHCR’s support in Mexico and Guatemala.
1,900 Asylum-seekers and refugees provided with cash-based assistance in Mexico in the States of Tabasco, Chiapas and Mexico City.