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23 Nov 2017 description
report Welthungerhilfe

Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries of the world: 1,110 inhabitants per square kilometre, this is five times as much as in Germany. The country is currently experiencing an extreme high influx of refugees from Myanmar. On August 25, 2017, violent confrontations happened between Rohingya rebels and the Myanmar police and army. Since that day, more than 600,000 Rohingya have fled violence and moved to Bangladesh. This situation is a challenge to Bangladesh.

23 Nov 2017 description

The Australian Government is partnering with humanitarian agencies to help more than one million people who need assistance following violence in Myanmar.

This includes more than 620,000 people, mostly women and children, who have fled to neighbouring Bangladesh.

Matching public contributions

During the appeal, every dollar donated to the Australian Red Cross and Australia for UNHCR will be matched by the Australian Government (up to $5 million).

22 Nov 2017 description

Ayesha Begum is 22 years old. In early September, she and her three children took refuge in Bangladesh after her husband was killed in Myanmar. Today, Ayesha and her children live with her brothers in a temporary shelter on the edge of Kutupalong camp. She takes part in a parents’ club organized by HI, which provides psychosocial support to mothers living as refugees.

22 Nov 2017 description

Over 600,000 Rohingya refugees fled Rakhine State in Myanmar, reaching Bangladesh by land, boat, and increasingly, makeshift rafts made of bamboo and jerry cans.

Newly arrived refugees are settling in and around existing camps and among host communities, stretching already limited resources.

UNHCR is supporting the Government of Bangladesh to receive, assist and protect newly arrived refugees and support host communities.

POPULATION FIGURES

22 Nov 2017 description

EU Civil Protection Mechanism (EUCPM)

Upon request of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the EU Civil Protection Mechanism was activated on 27 October. Sweden, together with its International Humanitarian Partnership (IHP) partners Denmark, Estonia, Luxembourg and the UK, offered camp facilities for a coordination hub of up to 50 people. This coordination hub will enable a greater humanitarian presence and will expand the reach of humanitarian activities provided by partners to the affected refugee population in Cox's Bazar area.

22 Nov 2017 description

Crowded into sprawling camps of polythene sheeting, around a million people who have sought safety in Bangladesh amid violence in Myanmar’s Rakhine state are now facing a future of uncertainty and need.

“We would go back if it is safe to do so,” says Dil Mohammad, who says he is in his 40’s but looks older. He, his sisters and their children left their home in Myanmar’s Rakhine state in the dead of night after flames began to engulf houses in a nearby village.

22 Nov 2017 description
report World Bank

This paper evaluates the protective capacity of mangrove forests against storm surge in seven coastal locations of Bangladesh, where surge heights can range from 1.5 to 9 meters. Estimates confirm varying levels of protection from different species, width, and density of mangrove forests. The findings highlight that mangroves must be used along with built infrastructure such as embankments. However, mangroves in the foreshore of embankments will contribute to savings in maintenance costs by protecting the built infrastructure from breaching and other damages.

22 Nov 2017 description

Crisis overview

As of 21 November, an estimated 622,000 Rohingya refugees fled Myanmar to Bangladesh. The influx began on 25 August, after the Myanmar Army launched security operations in northern Rakhine state. In September, an average of approximately 14,500 people arrived daily. This dropped to an approximate average of 3,100 arrivals per day in October (ISCG 05/11/2017; 29/10/2017; 03/10/2017).

22 Nov 2017 description

Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) threatens displaced women and girls, as well as men and boys, in all regions of the world. It refers to any act perpetrated against a person’s will based on gender norms and unequal power relationships and includes physical, emotional, psychological and sexual violence, threats of violence and coercion, and denial of resources or access to services. Forced displacement and dire living conditions are contributing factors to SGBV, which inflicts harm on women, girls, men and boys. SGBV is a severe violation of several human rights.

22 Nov 2017 description

This report presents the key findings and recommendations of a rapid assessment of protection needs of Rohingya refugees from Myanmar, conducted by UNHCR and its partners, CODEC, Save the Children and Technical Assistance Inc. (TAI) in October 2017.

Key findings

While most refugees managed to set up their own shelters and makeshift latrines, significant efforts are needed to address life-threatening gaps in accessing services and lifesaving assistance.

22 Nov 2017 description

The Refugee Relief and Repatriation Commissioner (RRRC) launched on 4 October 2017 a family counting exercise, with the support of UNHCR. A joint team of over 100 staff is collecting information on newly arrived refugee families and issuing them a card delivered by Bangladeshi authorities with a unique identifier number. The family counting helps to identify vulnerabilities and specific needs among the refugee population and to harmonize assistance. It will also be a useful baseline data for site planning, for instance on density per locations.