- West Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Benin: Cholera Outbreak - Sep 2016
- Benin/Nigeria/Togo: Lassa Fever Outbreak - Jan 2016
- West Africa: Ebola Outbreak - Mar 2014
- Benin: Cholera Outbreak - Oct 2013
- Benin: Floods - Sep 2013
- Benin: Wild Fires - Jan 2013
- Benin: Cholera Epidemic - Oct 2012
- Benin: Floods - Oct 2012
- West/Central Africa: Meningitis Outbreak - Jan 2012
Women and children in the West and Central Africa region remain vulnerable to a range of humanitarian crises, including lack of access to basic social services, forced displacement, drought, flooding, epidemics and acute malnutrition. Conflicts in the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Lake Chad Basin have led to mass displacement, both internally and across borders. More than 8 million people across the region—more than half of whom are children—are displaced.1 The nutrition crisis in the Sahel continues to place the most marginalized children at risk.
Children and women in West and Central Africa remain vulnerable to multiple threats, including insecurity, conflict, drought, flooding and epidemics. In the Central African Republic and the Lake Chad basin, widespread violence and armed conflict characterized by grave human rights violations have led to mass displacement both internally and across borders.
The outbreak of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa is unprecedented in its scale, severity, and complexity. More than 23,200 people have been infected by 15 February 2015, resulting in over 9,300 deaths. Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone are still affected by this outbreak, and are struggling to control the epidemic against a backdrop of extreme poverty, weak health systems and social customs that make breaking human-to-human transmission difficult.
The worst outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in history continues to ravage communities in West Africa. UNICEF estimates that 9.8 million children and young people under the age of 20 live in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia; countries where disease transmission is widespread and intense. Of these, 2.9 million are under the age of 5. UNICEF estimates that up to 10,000 children have lost one or both parents or caregivers due to Ebola.
This chapter provides a summary of the general environment in which UNHCR is operating in Africa and the organization’s planned responses in 2015. Mention is made of the two major emergency situations in the Central African Republic and South Sudan which have affected operations in many neighbouring countries and will continue to have a significant impact on UNHCR’s work in 2015 and beyond.
To boost fight against Ebola and strengthen community-based services for the future, UNICEF raises appeal to US$500 million
NEW YORK/GENEVA, 12 December 2014 – UNICEF today announced an expanded fight against the Ebola virus in West Africa over the next six months, costing a total of US$500 million – of which just 24 per cent ($125.7 million) has been secured.
UNHCR’s operations in West Africa have been characterized by: the evolving situation in Mali, including its impact on internal and external displacement of populations (into Burkina Faso, Niger and Mauritania); the continuation of voluntary repatriation of Ivorian refugees; and the invocation of the “cessation clauses” for Liberian and Rwandan refugees. Recent military and political developments inside Mali will have an impact on the initial assumptions on which the Office’s 2014 planning was based.
- Executive Summary
Six months after the post-election crisis, the security and socio-political situation has gradually improved in most parts of Côte d'Ivoire. This has enabled hundreds of thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) and Ivorian refugees in countries of the region to return to their places of origin. However, security issues persist. They include armed attacks and abuse against civilians, as well as communal tensions particularly in the west and south-west.
Six mois après la crise post-électorale, la situation sécuritaire et socio-politique s’est progressivement améliorée dans la majeure partie de la Côte d’Ivoire, permettant le retour à leurs lieux d’origine de plusieurs centaines de milliers de personnes déplacées internes et réfugiées dans les pays de la région.
- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
There has been significant improvement in the security situation in most parts of Côte d’Ivoire following the arrest of former President Laurent Gbagbo on 11 April and the swearing-in of President Alassane Ouattara. However, despite relative tranquillity, reports of violent attacks on civilians by militia remnants and inter-ethnic confrontations continue to be registered in the south-west along the border with Liberia.
- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Communities in West Africa continue to be threatened by the compounded effects of climate change, natural disasters like floods and droughts, demographic change, epidemics, urbanization, acute and chronic malnutrition, chronic poverty, and by violent conflicts related to political, social and economic tensions.
This revised Emergency Humanitarian Action Plan (EHAP) updates the initial EHAP launched on 2 November 2010. In accordance with consolidated appeal policy, projects will be counted as part of the 2011 West Africa Regional Consolidated Appeal. The crisis in Benin has evolved more or less as predicted and analysed in the initial EHAP.
West Africa's humanitarian situation remains of deep concern. The region continues to be marked by complex and severe humanitarian crises, often exceeding the populations' coping capacities and deepening their vulnerability. In 2010, the region was found to have the highest rates of under-five mortality in the world. About one-quarter of all global child deaths occur in West Africa.
In 2011, tens of millions of people will need emergency aid to survive. Conflicts and natural disasters have cut them off from their homes, their livelihoods, and access to essentials like drinking water and health care. They already suffer or are imminently threatened by malnourishment, disease, or violence. Most are poor people who have few if any means to cope with these traumas.
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Caritas is appealing for US1.8 million (1.3 million euro) following heavy flooding in the West African country of Benin. Over 350,000 people have been affected by the floods and dozens have died.
The impact of the floods is massive: 130,000 hectares of crops have been ruined; 55,000 houses and over 270 schools have been damaged, as well as many roads and bridges.
"It's a dramatic situation. There are people who have lost everything and need a lot of help. We're very worried about the future and the risk of food shortages because of the damaged crops.
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The people of West Africa remain confronted with a wide range of threats to livelihoods and protection, ranging from food insecurity to political volatility, bad governance, transnational criminal activities including human trafficking, chronic poverty, or the longer-term impacts of climate change. These trends affect the coping capacity of states, communities and families and, in some instances, present a rising challenge to humanitarian actors regarding the respect of humanitarian principles and human rights.
Responding to humanitarian emergencies in West Africa is challenging due to the region's diverse crises. Each crisis is complex, severe and affects the population's coping capacities. At least 139 million people live in extreme poverty in West Africa. These people are particularly vulnerable to overall food insecurity, the effects of recurrent and regular natural disasters, and cyclical epidemics compounded by climate change and socio-political instabilities.
The 2010 Humanitarian Appeal addresses twelve major humanitarian crises around the world. It presents a strategic, concerted action plan for each crisis, bringing together hundreds of aid organizations working together to deliver vital aid effectively and efficiently. It requires donors also to act together to ensure that these joint efforts receive the urgent funding needed to save lives, prevent irrecoverable harm, maintain dignity and restore self-reliance.