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31 Dec 2010 description

Background

Climate change represents one of the greatest environmental, social and economic threats facing the planet today. In Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries, climate change is a major threat to sustainable development and the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The combined effects of climate change, increased global population and income growth, among others, threaten to affect food and water resources that are critical for livelihoods in SSA.

22 Nov 2010 description

Abstract

Climate change represents the medium and long-term changes in average weather patterns. It is the result of both external forces and human activity. The major external forces that influence climate change include such processes as variations in solar radiation, deviations in the earth's orbit, and variations in the level of Green House Gas (GHG) concentrations, which lead to changes in the global mean temperature and the amount of precipitation.