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01 Mar 2018 description

In this issue

On the Agenda – Focus on 30th summit

The election of 10 new PSC members shows that consultation within regions prevailed over competition between member states.

Rwandan President Paul Kagame is still struggling to convince all member states to agree to AU reforms.

Plans to make Nepad a development agency are pitting the old guard against the reformers.

Situation Analysis

14 Sep 2017 description

In this issue

- Special Focus – UN General Assembly

The Peace and Security Council (PSC) is set to meet on the margins of the upcoming General Assembly in New York to talk about South Sudan.

With full UN support, the African Union’s commitment to curbing arms trafficking can become a sustainable solution.

Heads of state are asked to insist on international solidarity for disasters caused by climate change in Africa during the General Debate at the UN later this month.

- Addis Insight

22 Jun 2017 description

At the upcoming AU summit, will leaders equip the Peace and Security Council to deal with conflicts?

In this issue

Special Focus: 29th AU summit

Will the African Union (AU) Assembly equip the Peace and Security Council (PSC) and the AU Commission with the necessary mandates to deal with conflicts?

Heads of state and government are expected to take critical decisions that will shape the future of the AU as the main driver of integration on the continent.

Situation Analysis

01 Sep 2015 description

Summary

The Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) has a long way to go in preventing regional crises. Many challenges remain in making the infrastructure (especially the Central African Early Warning Mechanism and the Central African Multinational Force) operational and effective, and there is a gap between ambition and reality.

31 Aug 2015 description

ECCAS' ambitious plans, state-focused structure and militaristic approach may be undermining its ability to address regional peace and security crises.

The Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) has a long way to go in preventing regional crises. Many challenges remain in making the infrastructure (especially the Central African Early Warning Mechanism and the Central African Multinational Force) operational and effective, and there is a gap between ambition and reality.

28 Jun 2010 description

Gugu Dube, Junior Researcher, Arms Management Programme

African states reinforced their ownership of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) at a global conference hosted by the governments of Chile and Norway in collaboration with UNDP held 7-9 June in Santiago, Chile. The CCM is the most significant international disarmament treaty since the 1997 Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention.

15 Sep 2009 description

Gugu Dube, Dominique Dye (Junior Researchers) & Noël Stott, Senior Research Fellow, Arms Management Programme, ISS Pretoria

From the 9th - 11 September 2009, representatives from African states participated in the 3rd Continental Conference of African Experts on Landmines. The conference was hosted by the Government of the Republic of South Africa, in collaboration with the African Union (AU) and with the financial support of the European Union.

29 Apr 2009 description

When the colonial order ended in Africa, a myriad of problems confronted the new African nations. According to a recent study 16 wars took place between 1990 and 1997 in Africa. Of these, 14 were intrastate conflicts (Algeria, Angola, Chad, Ethiopia, Liberia, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Uganda, Western Sahara, and the Republic of Congo). Only 2 were interstate (Chad/Libya and Rwanda/Uganda).

31 Mar 2007 description

INTRODUCTION

Demilitarisation in the Angolan Context

"We need to disarm in our minds first. We need agreement on what kind of life we want to live, what kind of society we want, what kind of nation we want to be. We believe that the war as such is an expression of the frustration and other motives that are in people's minds. That physical confrontation only takes place when the confrontation within the mind no longer has space. So it is important that [after] silencing the guns, we get to the stage where we can talk about the real issue[s] that brought conflict between us.

22 Sep 2004 description

Rapport Final Atelier sur le "Désarmement Pratique en Afrique Centrale : les défis à Relever". Organisé par l'Institut pour les Etudes de Sécurité (ISS), Bujumbura, 21-22 septembre 2004

25 Jun 2004 description

A previous electronic version of this article was released by the African Security Analysis Programme at the Institute for Security Studies as a situation report on 6 May 2004. For the purposes of this publication, and as a result of a subsequent visit to the country, the author has kindly updated a number of sections in the article.

04 Feb 2004 description

Andrea Lari*

AFRICAN SECURITY ANALYSIS PROGRAMME FORTHCOMING OCCASIONAL PAPER, 5 FEBRUARY 2004

Introduction

The 4th of April 2002 signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) by the Angolan Army (Forças Armadas de Angola - FAA) and the UNITA military forces (Forças Militares da Uni=E3o Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola - FMU) marked the end of 27 years of civil war in Angola.

04 Aug 2003 description
João Gomes Porto1

AFRICAN SECURITY ANALYSIS PROGRAMME OCCASIONAL PAPER,