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- UNICEF: Angola's drought takes heavy toll on children's education. 2 Oct 2019
Most read reports
- EC-JRC: GDO Analytical Report: Drought in southern Angola - October 2019. 22 Oct 2019
- UNICEF: Where drinking water is a 90-minute walk away. 2 Oct 2019
- Govt. Angola: WHO and UNICEF reiterate support for routine vaccination in Angola. 19 Oct 2019
- WHO: Angola conducts review and validation of data on Neglected Tropical Diseases. 9 Oct 2019
Improving the availability of crop production and food supply data and information
In efforts to improve the monitoring and assessment of crop production and food supply in the SADC region, the RVAA Programme team is supporting the SADC Secretariat’s Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources (FANR) Directorate to implement a capacity building programme targeting the Member States.
Understanding gender relations between and among boys, men, girls, and women are essential in determining vulnerability to food and nutrition insecurity.
In Sub-Saharan Africa, women make up most of the agricultural workforce and produce up to 80 percent of basic foodstuffs, according to FAO. Women are generally responsible for food selection and preparation and for the care and feeding of children. There is substantial evidence that indicates that women’s income is more likely to be spent on food than that of men.
The worsening drought conditions in the southern provinces of Angola and the increase in prices of basic commodities are driving food insecurity. The southern provinces of the country had one of the driest seasons since at least 1981. The drought has caused the loss of livestock, has diminished the availability of water and grass, and has affected the movement of cattle. The country’s cereal deficit is approximately 1.2 million metric tons, making Angola one of the countries with the highest cereal import requirements in Southern Africa in 2019/2020.
The 2018/2019 season was the driest since at least 1981 in central and western parts of the region.
The drought resulted in crop failure, reduced forage, and poor water availability.
A delayed and erratic onset of rains, mid-season dry spells, and early cessation of rains in several parts of the region have contributed to poor crop production expectations in many areas.
Technical capacity building planning for NVACs
In October 2018, the Regional Vulnerability Assessment and Analysis (RVAA) Programme team rolled out a phased process of facilitating National Vulnerability Assessment Committees (NVACs) to develop their technical capacity building plans.
Many SADC Member States recorded normal to above-normal rainfall during the 2017/18 rainfall season, as predicted by the SADC Climate Services Centre (CSC) in August 2017 at the 21st Southern African Regional Climate Outlook Forum (SARCOF-21). In contrast, the approaching October 2018 - March 2019 rainfall season is forecasted to be normal to below-normal throughout the season over most of the region.
- A late and erratic onset of rains delayed planting and reduced area planted in southern and western parts of the region.
- A dry spell from mid-January to early February caused moderate to severe crop moisture stress in the central parts of the region. The dry spell ended in early February, allowing recovery of some crops. Observations however indicate that permanent wilting had occurred in several areas.
Well-below average rainfall has been received in most parts of the region for the October through early January period
Rainfall improved in parts of December through early and mid-January in some central areas, while erratic rains continued in the south
Extreme high temperatures affected many parts of the region in December
Seasonal forecasts for reduced rainfall continue to raise concerns of potentially negative impacts on crop harvests
The State of Nutrition in the SADC Region Malnutrition is one of the most significant challenges of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). According to the 2018 SADC State of Food and Nutrition Security and Vulnerability Report, 20 million children under age five in the region are stunted. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Madagascar, Mozambique and Zambia all have high stunting rates of 40 percent and above. In Madagascar, the national global acute malnutrition rate stands at eight percent.
Well-below average rainfall has been received in most parts of the region since October, although recent improvements were experienced in some eastern areas
The low rains have been associated with a delayed season onset in western, central and southern parts of the region. Some areas experienced delays in season onset of 30 to 40 days
Pasture and livestock conditions deteriorated, and drought-related livestock deaths were reported
The Climate Prediction Centre is predicting El Niño climatic conditions during the main 2018-19 growing season with 70-75% probability while IRI has increased the probability to more than 85%. Furthermore, the forecasts suggest a likelihood of a weak to moderate El Niño event. Historically El Niño climatic conditions have resulted in reduced rainfall across the southern part of Southern Africa.
30 million people in the SADC region are food insecure in 2018/19
Revised SADC Synthesis Report on the State of Food and Nutrition Security and Vulnerability in Southern Africa, 2018
Malnutrition is the result of a complex set of interacting factors that are multi-sectoral, related to health, sanitation and care practices as well as consumption and access to food. Further influencing factors include education, gender, social equity, and the local social and environmental context. These causes of malnutrition are classified as immediate, underlying, and basic, whereby factors at one level influence other levels.
In 2016, 77,000 people in Southern Angola were in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) and 272,500 people in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency), translating to 37% and 21% of the assessed area’s population respectively (and totalling 58%). Lack of potable water contributed to the situation. At the national level, in 2016 about 38% of population suffered from chronic malnutrition. In south-central Bie Province, this figure surpassed 50%. The country is experiencing financial difficulties and lack of funding is a major constraint in expanding VAA to the whole country.
• The 2017-18 rainfall season was characterized by a late start, an extended mid-season dry spell (December-January) and heavy rains from February into April. The dry spell caused moisture stress and wilting of the early planted crops in many areas in Botswana, south-western Madagascar, southern Malawi, southern and some central parts of Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Aug 20, 2018 | Southern African Development Community
09 July 2018, Gaborone, Botswana - The number of food insecure people in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region in the 2018/19 consumption year is 29 million people, representing 14 percent of the population, according to the “State of Food and Nutrition Insecurity and Vulnerability in Southern Africa” report. The report was compiled from results of the 2018 vulnerability assessments and analysis of 11 SADC Member States. The number of the food insecure population is 13 percent higher, compared to last year, 2017/8.