Appeals & Response Plans
- Southern Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Jan 2017
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2017
- Angola/DR Congo: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Jan 2016
- Southern Africa: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017
- Angola: Drought - 2012-2014
- Angola: Cholera Outbreak - Dec 2011
- Angola: Floods - Dec 2011
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2011
- Angola: Floods - Oct 2010
- Angola: Floods - Mar 2010
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
Vulnerable populations in six Southern African countries will likely require humanitarian assistance through mid-2018
FAW infestations reported in at least eight Southern Africa countries
USAID/FFP provides nearly $47 million in additional funding to improve food security throughout the region
The 2015–2016 El Niño phenomenon resulted in the worst drought in 35 years for much of southern Africa.
In the eight most-affected countries (Angola, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia,
Swaziland and Zimbabwe), an estimated 16.1 million people required assistance between December 2016 and March 2017, including some 5 million children who required urgent humanitarian assistance.
The 2015–2016 El Niño phenomenon resulted in the worst drought in 35 years for much of southern Africa. In the eight most-affected countries (Angola, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland and Zimbabwe), an estimated 16.1 million people will required assistance between December 2016 and March 2017, including some 5 million children who required urgent humanitarian assistance. Southern Africa continues to experience the follow – on impacts of the El Niño drought and the La Niña floods.
Good performance of the current growing season (Oct 2016 – April 2017) is critical for Southern Africa, after suffering from two consecutive droughts induced by a long lasting El Niño event which led to unprecedented levels of food insecurity.
Rains improved in many areas that were affected by severe drought last season
Poor rains have been received in Tanzania and parts of Madagascar, with likely impacts on crop production in affected areas
An armyworm outbreak has affected the region, with reports of outbreaks in Zambia,
Zimbabwe and Malawi. The outbreak in Zambia is particularly severe
Timely rains commenced in South Africa, Swaziland and eastern Botswana, resulting in planting in some areas and slight improvement in dam levels
Slow and erratic onset of rains was observed in northern parts of the region, and an improvement is expected by late November to early December
Shortfalls in commercial maize seed availability and farmers’ reduced purchasing power may negatively affect harvest prospects in several countries if unaddressed
The current El Niño event is signalled to be the strongest and longest event in 35 years. For southern Africa, El Niño usually means less rainfall in most countries but high rainfall in northern Tanzania and DRC. Across vast areas of South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Botswana, this has been the driest October-December, since 1981.
Lesotho and Zimbabwe have declared a state of disaster following the affects of drought caused by El Niño. Most provinces in South Africa have also declared a state of disaster.
The South African Government has placed an immediate ban on the entry of non-South Africans from the Ebola-hit West African countries of Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone.
The Southern Africa Regional Climate Outlook Forum (SARCOF), taking place from 27 to 29 August in Windhoek, Namibia, will develop the first regional seasonal forecast for the coming rainfall season.
Two cases of Ebola have been confirmed in northern DRC, which are said to be a different strain to the outbreak in West Africa.
A Cabinet Commission Review found that during the 2013/2014 flood season, all provinces with the exception of Namibe recorded rains with considerable material and human damage, including the destruction of 6,317 houses, affecting more than 70,000 people.
An estimated 383,261 people were affected by floods or storms and at least 117 people lost their lives during the 2013/2014 rainfall season.
Tropical Cyclone Hellen, which impacted Mozambique, Comoros and Madagascar in late March, was one of the most powerful cyclones ever recorded in the Mozambique Channel.
In Zimbabwe, the more than 15,625 people evacuated remain in dire living conditions.
JANUARY– MARCH 2014 RAINFALL HIGHLIGHTS
Significant rainfall was received in most parts of SADC as a result of an active inter-tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and the attendant active tropical incursions into the region. The eastern part of the contiguous SADC and the highland states received the highest rainfall.
The seasonal anomalies to date indicated:
Above normal rainfall conditions stretching from eastern Namibia to Southern Mozambique, Mauritius and parts of Madagascar
Heavy downpours have caused flooding in north-central Zambia, southern Zimbabwe, and northern Mozambique.
Light to moderate rains were observed over the Greater Horn of Africa during the past observation period.
1) Heavy downpours during the past week have caused the Licungo River to burst its banks, inundating expansive cropping areas, infrastructure, and houses downstream. Although reduced rains are forecast over the region during the next week, any additional rain may exacerbate the ground conditions, including elevated risks for waterborne disease outbreaks.
Heavy downpours during the past observation period have caused flooding over many local areas of eastern Southern Africa.
1) Abundant rains over the past several weeks have led to elevated river levels along the Púnguè, Búzi and Save Rivers in central Mozambique. Localized flooding has occurred that has inundated crop fields, damaged infrastructure, displaced local populations and isolated towns. River levels are expected to remain near or above alert level during the next week.
Torrential rains caused flooding across Zimbabwe during the past several weeks.
1) Portions of Tanzania have experienced below average seasonal rainfall since late November. Poorly distributed rains since early December have also led to developing dry conditions in the Morogoro and Pwani provinces further east. The anomalous dryness has already negatively impacted vegetation conditions in the region. Recent rains, though, have reduced long-term deficits and improved ground conditions.
Southern Africa is prone to multiple, frequently repeating and compounding shocks, including drought, floods, cyclones, epidemics and crop pests. These shocks, occurring against a backdrop of poverty, have severe impacts on food and livelihood security, attested to by pervasive and extreme rates of chronic child malnutrition.
− Rainfall performance improved significantly in December 2013
− Sowing rains received in all major grain producing areas by end of December
− Improvement in vegetation conditions observed in many parts of the region
− Food situation likely to get worse in Zimbabwe as authorities battle to address food shortages
− River levels rise in the Zambezi basin, but remain below alert levels
− Cholera outbreak in Northern Namibia
− Diarrhoeal diseases claim dozens of lives in Zimbabwe
The food security situation in most of Southern Africa was relatively stable during the past year, although some parts of the region faced acute food insecurity.
As of July 2013, an estimated 10.4 million people in the region were at risk of food insecurity.
In FY 2013, USAID provided more than $75 million in humanitarian assistance to Southern Africa.
1) The return of enhanced rainfall since the beginning of the year has helped to mitigate dryness for many local areas that faced a delayed start to the monsoon across southern Zimbabwe and Mozambique. However, the above-average rains have increased the potential for localized flooding in parts of northern Zimbabwe and southern Zambia that have already experienced overly saturated ground conditions over the last 30 days. Precipitation forecasts indicate a continuation of locally intense rainfall in the region during the upcoming outlook period.