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24 May 2016 description

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

By the end of 2015, strong progress continued towards each of the Endgame Plan’s four objectives. The world has never been closer to eradicating polio, with fewer cases in fewer areas of fewer countries than at any time in the past. The virus is now more geographically constrained than at any point in history. As the GPEI enters 2016, it is more important than ever to redouble efforts to eradicate poliovirus in every corner of the globe.

29 Oct 2015 description
  • On 20 October, the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on immunization (SAGE) confirmed that the globally coordinated withdrawal of the type 2 component in oral polio vaccine (OPV) should occur in April 2016, specifically in a window from 17 April to 1 May. Countries should intensify their preparatory efforts to switch from trivalent OPV to bivalent OPV to meet this timeline.

28 Oct 2015 description
  • Mostly near-average conditions have been observed across West Africa during this past week.
  • Heavy rain continues for portions of southern Ethiopia and Somalia, raising flooding concerns in East Africa.

1) Poorly distributed rainfall has resulted in drought, which has severely impacted ground conditions and already led to livestock death across parts of north-central and eastern Ethiopia.

15 Oct 2015 description
  • In Lao Democratic People’s Republic a circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) outbreak has been confirmed, with one case, an eight year old boy who had onset of paralysis on 7 September. Outbreaks of cVDPVs can arise in areas of low population immunity, emphasizing the importance of strong vaccination coverage. Learn more about VDPVs.

18 Sep 2015 description
  • Pakistan launched a nationwide polio campaign this week to vaccinate more than 35 million children in 163 districts of the country. Approximately 200,000 polio workers are participating in the polio campaign, during which Vitamin A will also be distributed.
10 Sep 2015 description
  • A case of vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (VDPV2) has been reported with onset of paralysis on 20 July 2015 in Bamako city, Mali. The virus was isolated from a 19-month old boy of Guinean nationality. The closest genetic match to this case is from a case from Kankan, Guinea, with onset of paralysis on 30 August 2014. The genetic changes suggest that the cVDPV2 has been circulating for more than 12 months. Discussions are currently ongoing with national health authorities to plan and implement an urgent outbreak response.

29 Apr 2015 description
  • A continued absence of rainfall across northern Ethiopia expected to adversely affect crop and pastoral conditions.
  • Largely suppressed early season rains observed during the 2nd dekad of April over much of West Africa.

1) Since late December, an unseasonable distribution of monsoonal rainfall has resulted in anomalous dryness and poor ground conditions unfavorable for crops across several local areas in southern Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, and South Africa.

28 Apr 2015 description

IMF Projects Solid Growth for Sub-Saharan Africa in the Face of Headwinds

Press Release No. 15/179
April 28, 2015

Introducing the April 2015 IMF Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa, Ms. Antoinette Sayeh, Director of the IMF’s African Department commented today:

24 Apr 2015 description

Little rainfall expected over atypically dry areas of northern Ethiopia

  1. Erratic, below-average rainfall in February and early March, followed by four consecutive weeks of little to no rainfall since mid-March has led to large moisture deficits and rapidly deteriorating ground conditions in Ethiopia. The absence of mid-season rainfall is likely to adversely affect cropping activities in Belg-producing areas of the country.

22 Apr 2015 description
  • Very poor rains across northern Ethiopia expected to negatively affect “Belg” season cropping activities.

  • Average to above-average rains continue across parts of Kenya, Tanzania, and southern Somalia.

21 Apr 2015 description

Launched in June 2005 by President George W. Bush, the President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) represented a major 5-year, $1.265 billion expansion of U.S. Government resources for malaria control. The Initiative is led by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and implemented together with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). PMI funds programs in 19 focus countries in Africa and one regional program in the Greater Mekong Subregion of Southeast Asia (see Appendix 1).

01 Jan 2015 description

This chapter provides a summary of the general environment in which UNHCR is operating in Africa and the organization’s planned responses in 2015. Mention is made of the two major emergency situations in the Central African Republic and South Sudan which have affected operations in many neighbouring countries and will continue to have a significant impact on UNHCR’s work in 2015 and beyond.