Appeals & Response Plans
- Southern Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Jan 2017
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2017
- Angola/DR Congo: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Jan 2016
- Southern Africa: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017
- Angola: Drought - 2012-2014
- Angola: Cholera Outbreak - Dec 2011
- Angola: Floods - Dec 2011
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2011
- Angola: Floods - Oct 2010
- Angola: Floods - Mar 2010
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
Countries of asylum hosting refugees from the DRC have been generous in maintaining an open-door policy and in securing asylum to old and new population groups. Protracted displacement, however, continues to deplete already limited national and local resources. Existing camps and sites in asylum countries are overcrowded. Some 60,000 Congolese refugees have specific needs and problems, a significant proportion are children who are at risk or who require additional support.
Rainfall brings relief to dry conditions across South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe and Angola
Africa Weather Hazards
An erratic rainfall distribution since the Short-Rains season has caused large seasonal dryness in Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya.
Continued below average rainfall since October has resulted in significant moisture deficits throughout southern Africa.
Several consecutive weeks of poor rainfall has led to anomalous dryness across Madagascar.
Cholera continues to represent a major public health concern in Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR). From January to December 2018, approximately 37,565 cases and 443 cholera-related deaths were reported in the region with an average CFR of 1.2%. These cases emerged from 10 out of the 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR).
533.387 réfugiés et demandeurs d’asile en RDC, dont 52% de femmes.
99,3% des réfugiés en RDC vivent dans des zones rurales, et 74% des réfugiéssont installés hors camps ou sites de réfugiés.
2.949 réfugiés sont rentrés volontairement de la RDC au Rwanda depuis janvier 2018.
Travail avec les partenaires
Drought develops in eastern Africa as dryness strengthens across southern Africa
A poor start to the Short-Rains season has resulted in large seasonal dryness in Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya.
Insufficient rainfall since October has led to large moisture deficits in South Africa, Lesotho, and Botswana.
Several weeks of poor rainfall has caused dryness across Madagascar.
Many weeks of below-average rainfall has strengthened dryness in Angola, Namibia, Zambia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and South Africa.
Drought continues to develop across Kenya, Somalia, and southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Poor rainfall distribution since the beginning of the Short-Rains season has caused large moisture deficits in Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya.
Insufficient rainfall since October has resulted in early-season drought across South Africa, Lesotho, and Botswana.
Several weeks of poor rainfall have caused dryness in central and western Madagascar.
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid1 , and in particular Article 2, Article 4 and Article 15(2) and (3) thereof,
Having regard to Council Decision 2013/755/EU of 25 November 2013 on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Union ('Overseas Association Decision')2 , and in particular Article 79 thereof,
533,387 refugees and asylum seekers in DRC, among them 52% women.
99.3% of refugees in DRC live in rural areas, and 74% live outside refugee camps or settlements.
2,949 refugees voluntary returned from DRC to Rwanda since January 2018.
Working with Partners
■ Together with the DRC Government, working closely with the National Commission for Refugees (CNR), UNHCR ensures international protection and delivery of multi assistance to persons of concern.
Well-below average rainfall has been received in most parts of the region since October, although recent improvements were experienced in some eastern areas
The low rains have been associated with a delayed season onset in western, central and southern parts of the region. Some areas experienced delays in season onset of 30 to 40 days
Pasture and livestock conditions deteriorated, and drought-related livestock deaths were reported
This update concerns the situation of Congolese refugees and asylum seekers in countries in the region.
800,330 Total number of refugees and asylum-seekers from the DRC.
4.5 M Internally displaced people (as at December 2017)
941,000 Planning figure of DRC refugees by December 2018.
45 Total number of Congolese refugees assisted to return since January 2018
As of 30 November 2018, 800,330 Congolese refugees are being hosted in African countries. From 1 January to 30 November 2018 alone, some 154,287 Congolese fled to neighboring countries, with a particularly significant increase in refugee flows to Uganda, Burundi and Zambia.
UNHCR together with 43 humanitarian and development partners launched the revised Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) on 17 July 2018 for $547 million to help respond to the needs of Congolese refugees in Africa.
Regional Highlights and Operational Context
Will an El Nino take place?
Current forecasts of Eastern Pacific sea surface temperatures (SST) and expert judgement point to a significant likelihood of an El Nino materializing: currently this stands at over 90% chance of it happening by early 2019.
How long is it likely to last and how intense is it likely to get?
The depletion of household food stocks, below-average incomes, and increase in market prices will likely lead to an increase in the number of households experiencing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes in areas of Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe through at least early 2019. Areas affected by conflict in DRC are also anticipated to be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). The rest of the region will likely continue experiencing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes.
At its peak in 2001, Zambia hosted over 250,000 refugees, mainly from Angola and the DRC. Smaller numbers of refugees originated from Rwanda, Burundi, Somalia and other nationalities. These refugee numbers have since drastically reduced due to the successful voluntary repatriation of Angolans, Congolese and other nationalities in the past 16 years. However, in the last one year, the numbers of refugees are steadily increasing due to inflows from the DRC and Burundi and continued mixed migration from the other Great Lakes countries and the Horn of Africa.
Located in Kaoma District, Western Province, Mayukwayuka settlement was established in 1966 and is one of the oldest refugees settlement in Africa . Over 18, 000 Angolans have repatriated from Mayukwayukwa through the organized, facilitated and spontaneous repatriation since 2003s. Current new arrivals are mainly from the DR Congo. With ongoing efforts at local integration of former Angolan refugees, the settlement is divided into a Local Integration area (LI) for persons eligible to local integration and a refugee area which now UNHCR’s focused.
Mehaba refugee settlement was established in 1971 and located in Kalumbila District, North Western Province. At its peak in 2003, Meheba hosted 47,670 refugees. With facilitated repatriation to Angola and DRC the population significantly reduced. Current new arrivals are mainly from the DR Congo since 30 August 2017. With ongoing efforts at local integration of former Angolan and Rwandan refugees, the settlement is divided into a Local Integration area (LI) for persons eligible to local integration and a refugee area which now UNHCR’s focused.