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18 Oct 2009 description

By Joe Bavier

KINSHASA, Oct 18 (Reuters) - The diamond industry's Kimberley Process is failing due to a lack of accountability and follow-up, paving the way for an illegal trade that could see a return of conflict stones to world markets, campaigners said.

The certification scheme, designed to eliminate the trade in so-called "blood diamonds", was set up in 2003 in the wake of devastating civil wars in Angola, Sierra Leone, and Liberia, which were largely financed by the illicit diamond trade.

Before its implementation, conflict stones made up about 15 percent of the …

06 Jun 2006 description

By Nick Olivari

UNITED NATIONS, June 6 (Reuters) - A deadly trade in blood diamonds persists three years after African governments and the diamond industry launched an initiative to prevent illicit gem sales from fueling African wars, experts say.

The Kimberly Process Certification Scheme, set up in January 2003 to provide guarantees that participating nations were not dealing in diamonds financing local conflicts, has helped stem the flow of blood diamonds but millions of dollars in illicit stones are still entering the world market, they say.

"The Kimberly Process has …

18 Jul 2002 description

DAR ES SALAAM (Reuters) - World Bank President James Wolfensohn said on Wednesday African countries would have to do more to stop wars and tackle AIDS if they are to develop.

27 Feb 2002 description

MONROVIA, Feb 27 (Reuters) - A study in West Africa has revealed the widespread sexual exploitation of refugee children by aid workers and peacekeepers in exchange for supplies sent to save lives.

The scandal, details of which emerged on Tuesday, is the latest in a series involving sex and corruption to taint aid and peacekeeping operations on the world's poorest continent.

Below are some scandals in recent years:

1994

February - United Nations says investigation reveals that some peacekeeping troops in Mozambique paid for sex with children.

1997

February - Angola …

08 Mar 2001 description

2001-03-08 21:25:55 GMT+00:00 (Reuters)

14 Jun 2000 description

LONDON, June 14 (Reuters) - Mining giant De Beers on Wednesday called for a coordinated international response to stop trade in so-called "conflict diamonds" which are funding rebel armies in Africa.

19 Jan 1999 description

UNITED NATIONS, Jan 19 (Reuters) - UNICEF, the U.N. Children's Fund, appealed for $136 million on Tuesday to aid 48 million children and women targeted for special abuse in civil wars from Sierra Leone to Afghanistan.